Why do students use drugs? • How do they make you feel? • What do they make you do? What are other ways to achieve the same effects? Things to Talk About
Why Do Students Use Drugs?
Do you use drugs to: • Relax • Forget • Avoid feeling overwhelmed • Combat anxiousness • Help you sleep • Have fun • Experiment Why Do Students Use Drugs?
What are the underlying causes? • Stress • Depression • Social Pressure • Boredom Why Do Students Use Drugs?
What is it? • The dried flowers of the herb Cannabis • Cannabis flowers contain psychoactive compounds called cannabinoids including THC How is it used? • Throughout history marijuana was used as a folk ailment, treating everything from depression to pain Marijuana
Desired Effects: • Mild euphoria, relaxation, time distortion, and intensified sensory perception Unwanted Effects: • Impaired short term memory • irritated lungs and build up of carcinogenic tars • increased heart rate • dilation of blood vessels in the eye Marijuana
What are they? • Hallucinogenic drugs include LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, peyote, and ayahuasca • They activate serotonin receptors in the brain, which affect memory and perception How are they used? • Peyote, ayahuasca, and mushrooms were central to indigenous America religious ceremonies • LSD associated with counterculture since the 1960s Hallucinogens
Desired Effects: • profoundly distorted perception of reality Unwanted Effects: • profoundly distorted perception of reality • anxiety and potentially dangerous unpredictable behavior Hallucinogens
What is it? • Ecstasy is the street name for drugs whose psychoactive element is MDMA • MDMA was synthesized and patented by Merck Pharmaceuticals in 1912 How is it used? • Today, the use of ecstasy is often associated with rave culture Ecstasy
Desired Effects: • euphoria, increased sociability, and intensified sensory perception Unwanted Effects: • anxiety • depression • overdose and death Ecstasy
What are they? • Ritalin and Adderall • Prescription stimulants developed to treat ADHD • Provigil • Originally developed to treat narcolepsy How are they used? • Used without a prescription as cognitive enhancers (often to improve academic performance) "Smart" Drugs
Desired Effects • Extreme focus and sleeplessness Unwanted effects • Nervousness, decreased appetite, headaches • Can also lead to dependence "Smart" Drugs
What is it? • chemical compound derived from coca leaves How is it used? • cocaine was originally developed as a pharmaceutical stimulant and anesthetic • recreationally cocaine is used for its stimulating effects Cocaine
Desired Effects: • euphoria, increased energy, suppressed appetite Unwanted effects: • dependence, heart damage, kidney damage, ulcers, lung and nose damage • Overdose and death Cocaine
What is it? • Derived from the flowers of opium poppies How is it used? • Opium has been used as a sedative and painkiller throughout the world • Although heroin is outlawed in the US, other opiate painkillers remain legal, and are prescribed to this day Opiates
Desired effects: • Pain relief, feelings of intense pleasure and well-being Unwanted effects: • Highly physically addictive, with serious physical symptoms accompanying withdrawal • Decreased heart rate, blood pressure, and slowed breathing • Nausea and vomiting • Overdose and death Opiates
What are the underlying causes of drug abuse? What alternatives to drug use can provide similar positive outcomes without negative side-effects? Things to Think About
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