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Talk About: Drugs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Talk About: Drugs

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  1. Talk About: Drugs

  2. Why do students use drugs? • How do they make you feel? • What do they make you do? What are other ways to achieve the same effects? Things to Talk About

  3. Why Do Students Use Drugs?

  4. Do you use drugs to: • Relax • Forget • Avoid feeling overwhelmed • Combat anxiousness • Help you sleep • Have fun • Experiment Why Do Students Use Drugs?

  5. What are the underlying causes? • Stress • Depression • Social Pressure • Boredom Why Do Students Use Drugs?

  6. MARIJUANA

  7. What is it? • The dried flowers of the herb Cannabis • Cannabis flowers contain psychoactive compounds called cannabinoids including THC How is it used? • Throughout history marijuana was used as a folk ailment, treating everything from depression to pain Marijuana

  8. Desired Effects: • Mild euphoria, relaxation, time distortion, and intensified sensory perception Unwanted Effects: • Impaired short term memory • irritated lungs and build up of carcinogenic tars • increased heart rate • dilation of blood vessels in the eye Marijuana

  9. HALLUCINOGENS

  10. What are they? • Hallucinogenic drugs include LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, peyote, and ayahuasca • They activate serotonin receptors in the brain, which affect memory and perception How are they used? • Peyote, ayahuasca, and mushrooms were central to indigenous America religious ceremonies • LSD associated with counterculture since the 1960s Hallucinogens

  11. Desired Effects: • profoundly distorted perception of reality Unwanted Effects: • profoundly distorted perception of reality • anxiety and potentially dangerous unpredictable behavior Hallucinogens

  12. ECSTASY

  13. What is it? • Ecstasy is the street name for drugs whose psychoactive element is MDMA • MDMA was synthesized and patented by Merck Pharmaceuticals in 1912 How is it used? • Today, the use of ecstasy is often associated with rave culture Ecstasy

  14. Desired Effects: • euphoria, increased sociability, and intensified sensory perception Unwanted Effects: • anxiety • depression • overdose and death Ecstasy

  15. "SMART" DRUGS

  16. What are they? • Ritalin and Adderall • Prescription stimulants developed to treat ADHD • Provigil • Originally developed to treat narcolepsy How are they used? • Used without a prescription as cognitive enhancers (often to improve academic performance) "Smart" Drugs

  17. Desired Effects • Extreme focus and sleeplessness Unwanted effects • Nervousness, decreased appetite, headaches • Can also lead to dependence "Smart" Drugs

  18. COCAINE

  19. What is it? • chemical compound derived from coca leaves How is it used? • cocaine was originally developed as a pharmaceutical stimulant and anesthetic • recreationally cocaine is used for its stimulating effects Cocaine

  20. Desired Effects: • euphoria, increased energy, suppressed appetite Unwanted effects: • dependence, heart damage, kidney damage, ulcers, lung and nose damage • Overdose and death Cocaine

  21. OPIATES

  22. What is it? • Derived from the flowers of opium poppies How is it used? • Opium has been used as a sedative and painkiller throughout the world • Although heroin is outlawed in the US, other opiate painkillers remain legal, and are prescribed to this day Opiates

  23. Desired effects: • Pain relief, feelings of intense pleasure and well-being Unwanted effects: • Highly physically addictive, with serious physical symptoms accompanying withdrawal • Decreased heart rate, blood pressure, and slowed breathing • Nausea and vomiting • Overdose and death Opiates

  24. THINGS TO THINK ABOUT

  25. What are the underlying causes of drug abuse? What alternatives to drug use can provide similar positive outcomes without negative side-effects? Things to Think About

  26. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. For more resources like this one, including workshops, posters, and online training tailored to prevent sexual assault and substance abuse, visit our website at https://www.campusclarity.com, or call 800-652-9546.