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Psychoactive Drugs

Psychoactive Drugs. Illegal Drugs. Cannabinoids Depressants Hallucinogens Stimulants Narcotics Steroids. Cannabinoids. Marijuana Hashish. Marijuana. Made from the dried leaves and tops of the cannabis plant. Street Names. Dope Grass Mary Jane Ganja Pot Joints Weed Skunk.

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Psychoactive Drugs

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  1. Psychoactive Drugs

  2. Illegal Drugs • Cannabinoids • Depressants • Hallucinogens • Stimulants • Narcotics • Steroids

  3. Cannabinoids • Marijuana • Hashish

  4. Marijuana • Made from the dried leaves and tops of the cannabis plant.

  5. Street Names • Dope • Grass • Mary Jane • Ganja • Pot • Joints • Weed • Skunk

  6. How Ingested/Legality • Smoked or eaten • Light marijuana users smoked two to 15 joints per week, • Moderate users smoked 17 to 70 joints per week • Heavy users smoked 78 to 350 joints per week.

  7. http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=marijuana+video&FORM=VIRE1#view=detail&mid=04F5028EAFC6B9C79B9404F5028EAFC6B9C79B94http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=marijuana+video&FORM=VIRE1#view=detail&mid=04F5028EAFC6B9C79B9404F5028EAFC6B9C79B94

  8. Effects Lasts 2-4 hours Users become: • Relaxed • Drowsy • Euphoric • Hungry

  9. THC • In 2012, THC concentrations in marijuana averaged nearly 15 percent, compared to around 4 percent in the 1980s. For a new user, this may mean exposure to higher concentrations of THC

  10. Short Term Psychological Effects Signs of using marijuana include: • Altered perceptions and mood • Difficulty with thinking and problem solving • Dizziness • Impaired short-term memory • Increased metabolism (the munchies) • Impaired time perception • In large doses, hallucinations

  11. Long Term Psychological Effects • Affects brain development, and when it is used heavily by young people, its effects on thinking and memory may last a long time or even be permanent • Impaired Short-Term and Long-Term Memory • A-Motivational Syndrome (lack of motivation) • Increased Anxiety • Depression Tendencies • Psychosis Tendencies • Loss of Co-ordination and Balance

  12. Physical Effects of Marijuana Short term: • Increased heart rate • Dry mouth and throat • Red eyes • Relaxation • Sensation of hot and cold Long term: • Suppression of the immune system so reduced resistance to common illnesses (colds, bronchitis, etc.) • Reduced sexual capacity • Lung infections like pneumonia

  13. What Are the Other Health Effects of Marijuana? • Marijuana raises heart rate by 20-100 percent shortly after smoking; this effect can last up to 3 hours. • In one study, it was estimated that marijuana users have a 4.8-fold increase in the risk of heart attack in the first hour after smoking the drug, causing palpitations and arrhythmias.

  14. Medical Marijuana Pros: • Enhance the appetite of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. • Relieving a person from the uneasy feeling of nausea. • Treatment of neurogenic pain. • People suffering from glaucoma, asthma and spasticity (resistance to stretch). • Relieve the chronic pain and suffering of people with incurable diseases like cancer, AIDS, multiple sclerosis, etc.

  15. Marijuana and Driving • Because it seriously impairs judgment and motor coordination, marijuana also contributes to accidents while driving. • A recent analysis of data from several studies found that marijuana use more than doubles a driver’s risk of being in an accident. • Further, the combination of marijuana and alcohol is worse than either substance alone with respect to driving impairment

  16. Is Marijuana Addictive? • Contrary to what many pot smokers may tell you, marijuana is addictive, at least psychologically. Among heavy pot smokers, the rates of dependence are higher. • Estimates from research suggest that about 9 percent of users become addicted to marijuana; this number increases among those who start young (to about 17 percent, or 1 in 6) and among daily users (to 25-50 percent).

  17. Withdrawal Symptoms? • Long-term marijuana users trying to quit report withdrawal symptoms including irritability, sleeplessness, decreased appetite, anxiety, and drug craving.

  18. Marijuana Overdose • Temporary overdose of the pot is called “greening out.” The effects last for a few hours. Some of the symptoms include: • Temporary and extreme paranoia, fear and anxiety • Trouble breathing • Pupil dilation • Nausea and vomiting • Fast pulse • Shaking chills • Disorientation • Hallucinations

  19. Ohio and the Law:

  20. Teens and Marijuana

  21. Hashish • The liquid resin from the cannabis plant.

  22. Street Names • Boom • Chronic • Gangster • Hash • Hash oil • Hemp

  23. How Ingested • Smoked • Mixed with tobacco • Eaten in candies or cookies

  24. Effects • Similar to Marijuana but stronger

  25. Depressants • Barbiturates • Benzodiazepines • Methaqualone

  26. Barbiturates • Strong depressants that are prescribed to relax people or help them sleep

  27. Street Names • Barbs • Reds • Red birds • Phennies • Yellows • Yellow jackets

  28. How Ingested • Injected • Swallowed

  29. Potential Health Consequences • Reduced anxiety • Feeling of well-being • Lowered inhibitions • Slowed pulse and breathing • Lowered blood pressure • Poor concentration

  30. Benzodiazepines • Depressant • Used to treat seizures • Anxiety • Insomnia • Conscious sedation

  31. Street Names • Candy • Downers • Sleeping pills • Tranks

  32. How Ingested • Swallowed • Injected

  33. Potential Health Consequences • Depression • Unusual excitement • Fever • Irritability • Poor judgment • Slurred speech • Dizziness

  34. Withdrawal Symptoms • Perceptual distortions • Paraesthesia, defined as abnormal skin sensations such as tingling, tickling, itching or burning • Difficult walking • Anxiety • Tension • Agitation • Restlessness • Sleep disturbance/insomnia

  35. Overdose Symptoms • Poor balance, difficulty walking • Slurred speech • Depending on the amount taken and the amount of time that has passed since the overdose, the person may experience depressed (slow, shallow) breathing, coma, cardiac arrest, cold skin/hypothermia, and hypotension

  36. Methaqualone • Depressant

  37. Street Names • Ludes, mandrex, quad, quay

  38. How Ingested • Injected, Swallowed

  39. Potential Health Consequences • Depression • Poor reflexes • Slurred speech • Coma

  40. Hallucinogens • LSD • PCP • Mescaline • Mushrooms

  41. LSD • Is made from synthesized lysergic acid.

  42. Street Names • Acid • Blotter • Boomers • Cubes • Microdot • Yellow Sunshines

  43. How Ingested • Absorbed through mouth tissues • Swallowed • Sniffed

  44. Effects • Pupils Dilate • Skin becomes “flushed” • Heart rate and temperature increases • “bad trips”

  45. Potential Health Consequences • Altered state of perception • Nausea • Persistent mental disorders • Sleeplessness • Loss of appetite • Weakness • Tremors

  46. PCP • Initially developed as general anesthetics for surgery • Distort perceptions of sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment - dissociation - from the environment and self.

  47. Street Names • Angel dust • Dust

  48. How Ingested • Smoked • Swallowed • Sniffed

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