Illegal Drugs • Cannabinoids • Depressants • Hallucinogens • Stimulants • Narcotics • Steroids
Cannabinoids • Marijuana • Hashish
Marijuana • Made from the dried leaves and tops of the cannabis plant.
Street Names • Dope • Grass • Mary Jane • Ganja • Pot • Joints • Weed • Skunk
How Ingested/Legality • Smoked or eaten • Light marijuana users smoked two to 15 joints per week, • Moderate users smoked 17 to 70 joints per week • Heavy users smoked 78 to 350 joints per week.
Effects Lasts 2-4 hours Users become: • Relaxed • Drowsy • Euphoric • Hungry
THC • In 2012, THC concentrations in marijuana averaged nearly 15 percent, compared to around 4 percent in the 1980s. For a new user, this may mean exposure to higher concentrations of THC
Short Term Psychological Effects Signs of using marijuana include: • Altered perceptions and mood • Difficulty with thinking and problem solving • Dizziness • Impaired short-term memory • Increased metabolism (the munchies) • Impaired time perception • In large doses, hallucinations
Long Term Psychological Effects • Affects brain development, and when it is used heavily by young people, its effects on thinking and memory may last a long time or even be permanent • Impaired Short-Term and Long-Term Memory • A-Motivational Syndrome (lack of motivation) • Increased Anxiety • Depression Tendencies • Psychosis Tendencies • Loss of Co-ordination and Balance
Physical Effects of Marijuana Short term: • Increased heart rate • Dry mouth and throat • Red eyes • Relaxation • Sensation of hot and cold Long term: • Suppression of the immune system so reduced resistance to common illnesses (colds, bronchitis, etc.) • Reduced sexual capacity • Lung infections like pneumonia
What Are the Other Health Effects of Marijuana? • Marijuana raises heart rate by 20-100 percent shortly after smoking; this effect can last up to 3 hours. • In one study, it was estimated that marijuana users have a 4.8-fold increase in the risk of heart attack in the first hour after smoking the drug, causing palpitations and arrhythmias.
Medical Marijuana Pros: • Enhance the appetite of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. • Relieving a person from the uneasy feeling of nausea. • Treatment of neurogenic pain. • People suffering from glaucoma, asthma and spasticity (resistance to stretch). • Relieve the chronic pain and suffering of people with incurable diseases like cancer, AIDS, multiple sclerosis, etc.
Marijuana and Driving • Because it seriously impairs judgment and motor coordination, marijuana also contributes to accidents while driving. • A recent analysis of data from several studies found that marijuana use more than doubles a driver’s risk of being in an accident. • Further, the combination of marijuana and alcohol is worse than either substance alone with respect to driving impairment
Is Marijuana Addictive? • Contrary to what many pot smokers may tell you, marijuana is addictive, at least psychologically. Among heavy pot smokers, the rates of dependence are higher. • Estimates from research suggest that about 9 percent of users become addicted to marijuana; this number increases among those who start young (to about 17 percent, or 1 in 6) and among daily users (to 25-50 percent).
Withdrawal Symptoms? • Long-term marijuana users trying to quit report withdrawal symptoms including irritability, sleeplessness, decreased appetite, anxiety, and drug craving.
Marijuana Overdose • Temporary overdose of the pot is called “greening out.” The effects last for a few hours. Some of the symptoms include: • Temporary and extreme paranoia, fear and anxiety • Trouble breathing • Pupil dilation • Nausea and vomiting • Fast pulse • Shaking chills • Disorientation • Hallucinations
Hashish • The liquid resin from the cannabis plant.
Street Names • Boom • Chronic • Gangster • Hash • Hash oil • Hemp
How Ingested • Smoked • Mixed with tobacco • Eaten in candies or cookies
Effects • Similar to Marijuana but stronger
Depressants • Barbiturates • Benzodiazepines • Methaqualone
Barbiturates • Strong depressants that are prescribed to relax people or help them sleep
Street Names • Barbs • Reds • Red birds • Phennies • Yellows • Yellow jackets
How Ingested • Injected • Swallowed
Potential Health Consequences • Reduced anxiety • Feeling of well-being • Lowered inhibitions • Slowed pulse and breathing • Lowered blood pressure • Poor concentration
Benzodiazepines • Depressant • Used to treat seizures • Anxiety • Insomnia • Conscious sedation
Street Names • Candy • Downers • Sleeping pills • Tranks
How Ingested • Swallowed • Injected
Potential Health Consequences • Depression • Unusual excitement • Fever • Irritability • Poor judgment • Slurred speech • Dizziness
Withdrawal Symptoms • Perceptual distortions • Paraesthesia, defined as abnormal skin sensations such as tingling, tickling, itching or burning • Difficult walking • Anxiety • Tension • Agitation • Restlessness • Sleep disturbance/insomnia
Overdose Symptoms • Poor balance, difficulty walking • Slurred speech • Depending on the amount taken and the amount of time that has passed since the overdose, the person may experience depressed (slow, shallow) breathing, coma, cardiac arrest, cold skin/hypothermia, and hypotension
Methaqualone • Depressant
Street Names • Ludes, mandrex, quad, quay
How Ingested • Injected, Swallowed
Potential Health Consequences • Depression • Poor reflexes • Slurred speech • Coma
Hallucinogens • LSD • PCP • Mescaline • Mushrooms
LSD • Is made from synthesized lysergic acid.
Street Names • Acid • Blotter • Boomers • Cubes • Microdot • Yellow Sunshines
How Ingested • Absorbed through mouth tissues • Swallowed • Sniffed
Effects • Pupils Dilate • Skin becomes “flushed” • Heart rate and temperature increases • “bad trips”
Potential Health Consequences • Altered state of perception • Nausea • Persistent mental disorders • Sleeplessness • Loss of appetite • Weakness • Tremors
PCP • Initially developed as general anesthetics for surgery • Distort perceptions of sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment - dissociation - from the environment and self.
Street Names • Angel dust • Dust
How Ingested • Smoked • Swallowed • Sniffed