The foot
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The Foot. Foot Foot Foot Foot Foot Foot. Bones. Tarsals (7) Metatarsals (5) Phalanges (14) Joints 38. Arches. Key to the foots function Arches absorb shock. The four Arches. Transverse Metatarsal Inner Longitudinal Arch Medial Outer Longitudinal Arch Lateral. Injuries.

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Presentation Transcript
The foot
The Foot

  • Foot

  • Foot

  • Foot

  • Foot

  • Foot

  • Foot


Bones
Bones

  • Tarsals (7)

  • Metatarsals (5)

  • Phalanges (14)

  • Joints

  • 38


Arches
Arches

  • Key to the foots function

  • Arches absorb shock


The four arches
The four Arches

  • Transverse

  • Metatarsal

  • Inner Longitudinal Arch

    • Medial

  • Outer Longitudinal Arch

    • Lateral


Injuries
Injuries

  • Blisters

  • Contusions

  • Sprains

  • Strains

  • Fractures


Blisters
Blisters

  • Definition

    • Occur on the feet

    • Skin rubs together causing a separation

    • Fills with fluid

    • Puts pressure on the nerve endings


Prevention
Prevention

  • Proper fitting shoes

  • Break in shoes gradually

  • Powder or lubricant to reduce friction

  • Wearing two pairs of socks

  • Protective padding when necessary

  • Remove excess calluses

  • Heed warnings of hot spots


Treatment
Treatment

  • Clean with soap and water

  • Apply a donut pad

  • Apply antiseptic

  • If blisters are too large slice where dead skin and live skin meet

  • Leave the skin in place and prevent infection


Open blisters
Open Blisters

  • Clean and disinfect

  • Cut off loose edges

  • Apply antiseptic

  • Donut pad


Arch sprain
Arch sprain

  • Arch contributes to balance, movement, support and sock absorption

  • Ligaments becomes stretched failing to hold the bones in proper place

  • The arches must be able to withstand up to three times a persons body weight while running and jumping


Heel bruise contusion
Heel Bruise (Contusion)

  • Heel and Arch receives, absorbs and transfers most of the impact

  • Heel bruise is one of the most disabling contusions


Treatment1
Treatment

  • The athlete may not be able to bear weight

  • RICE for 24 hrs

  • Warm whirlpool and/or ultrasound

  • Heel cup or doughnut pad


Cause
Cause

  • Overuse

  • Overweight

  • Fatigue

  • Training on hard surfaces

  • Improper shoe support


Foot sprain
Foot Sprain

  • Midfoot

  • Forefoot

  • Excessive dorsiflexion or plantar flexion


Treatment2
Treatment

  • RICE

  • Limitation of weight bearing


Turf toe
Turf Toe

  • The great toe is important in movement, balance and speed.

  • Force applied extending the joint beyond it’s normal range of motion

  • Cause

    • Foot sliding back on a slippery surface

    • Hyperextension of the joint (kicking or running)

  • Treatment

    • RICE


Plantar fasciitis cause
Plantar Fasciitis (Cause)

  • Occur early in the season

  • Improper running

  • Overuse

  • Improper shoe support

  • Tight Achilles

  • Running on hard surface


Plantar fasciitis signs treatment
Plantar Fasciitis (Signs & Treatment)

  • Relieved by non-weight bearing

  • Point tenderness on palpation of plantar aponeurosis

  • Heel doughnut, heel lift, stiff shank


Heel spur
Heel Spur

  • Boney Growth on Calcaneus

  • Cause

    • Flat Feet


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