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Miscellaneous Usage Problems

Miscellaneous Usage Problems. Double Negatives. “I can’t get no space around here!” Can’t get any can get no She didn’t do nothing about it. Didn’t do anything did nothing I couldn’t hardly stand it. Could hardly She wanted to go irregardless of rules. Regardless.

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Miscellaneous Usage Problems

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  1. Miscellaneous Usage Problems

  2. Double Negatives • “I can’t get no space around here!” • Can’t get any can get no • She didn’t do nothing about it. • Didn’t do anything did nothing • I couldn’t hardly stand it. • Could hardly • She wanted to go irregardless of rules. • Regardless

  3. Being that Seeing as how On account of Could of Might of All of a sudden Off of All of these Because Because Because of Could have Might have Suddenly Off All these Faulty Connectors and Adverbs

  4. Two Word problems • A lot—colloquial, anyway • He took a lot of paper to the test. • He took a whole ream of paper to the test. • Already/All ready • Already=past He asked her already? • All ready=preparation Is she all ready for the dance? • All right • Though he was in an accident, he is all right.

  5. Like and As • Like is a preposition that may ONLY be followed by a noun/noun phrase • She looked like her mother. • She seemed like a nice girl. • As/As if is a conjunction and MUST have a subject and a verb (even implied) following: • She played as her mother had played. • Say it as if you mean it. • Exceptions: Comparatives as-----as • She’s as lanky as John. (is lanky understood)

  6. Adjective and Adverb Forms Adjective Pred. Adj. Adverb • Fast talker was fast ran fast • Steady top was steady walked steadily • Easy work was easy did it easily • Real girl was real really happy

  7. She did a good job. She did well at golf. She felt well. She felt well. (sense of touch) She felt good. She did a bad job. She did it badly. She felt bad. She felt badly. (sense of touch) She felt bad. She felt unwell. Good/Well Bad/Badly

  8. Troublemakers • He was hurt badly. ….badly hurt. • She was really beautiful. (adverb=very) • She was a real beauty. (means actual) • It surely/certainly was lucky. • It was an awfully nice present • NO-NO’s: • It sure is cold. • It’s pretty cold. • It’s awful cold.

  9. Distinctions: prepositions and adverb pairs • Further---additional material • Farther---additional distance Talk further on how much farther we have to go . • Between—preposition used with two items • Among—preposition used with more than two. She hovered among the team members, between the quarterback and the kicker.

  10. More pairs • Besides –preposition meaning additional • Beside –preposition meaning next to Who’s going besides Karen? Who’s sitting beside Karen? • Toward –preposition indicating direction • (towards—same thing, but less accepted) She felt good toward John.

  11. One or two syllables 2 items/people – er Today was warmerthan yesterday. 3 or more --est Today was the warmest day all week. Three or more syllables 2 items/people—more Today’s temperature was more moderate than yesterday’s. 3 or more—most Today was the mostmoderate day all week. Comparatives:

  12. Good: She was a good skier. Better—comparing 2 She skied better than Mary. Best—more than 2: She was the best skier in the group. Bad: She was a bad diver. Worse—comparing 2 Her diving was worse than his. Worst—more than 2 She was the worst diver on the team. Most Famous Troublemakers:

  13. Different From -- not than • List the ways in which she was different from me. • You can’t tell which one is different from the others. • Explain how the South was no different from other regions in America. • The government obtains funds differently from any other entity.

  14. Can vs May/Will vs Shall • Can=physical ability to He can lift it. • May=permission to He may go, too. May I go with him? • Note: we use may more to indicate doubt than to indicate permission. • Will=simple future He will go, too. • Shall=emphasis He shall go! • MacArthur: “I shall return!”

  15. Punctuating Quotations • Put quotation marks around a speaker’s words. Use a comma (question mark or exclamation mark when appropriate) at the end of the quote if the dialogue tag (ie. Said Jon) comes after the quote; a period if the quote ends the sentence: • “You can’t be serious!” said Jon. • “Yes, I am,” answered Mary. • Jon retorted, “Well, you shouldn’t be.”

  16. Punctuating Quotes, 2 • If the dialogue tag (ie. said Mary) comes in the middle of the quote, use a comma if the tag interrupts a sentence. Note that you use lower case at the beginning of the rest of the quote: • “I don’t want to go,” said Mary, “ because I can’t stand you!” • “Well,” exclaimed Janis, “if that’s the way you feel!” • If the dialogue tag comes in the middle of the quote, but the first part is a complete sentence, place a period at the end of the tag and start the last part of the quote with a capital letter: • “I don’t want to go,” said Mary. “I can’t stand you!”

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