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TerraGreen - Blockchain Based Renew

TerraGreen - Blockchain Based Renew

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TerraGreen - Blockchain Based Renew

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  1. Table of Contents Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 1 Global Waste – Solvable Problem as a Renewable Energy Resource……………..3 Global Trends in Renewable Energy & the Challenges………………………………………6 State-of-the-Art Technology & Process Solutions for Production of Renewable Energy Products………………………………………………………..…………………………….9 TerraGreen Digital Currency Model & Blockchain Platform............................. ..14 Energy as Digital Currency…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. TerraGreen Coin Model…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. TerraGreen Platform – Innovative Blockchain Algorithm….………………………………………… Types of Blockchain………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… How Blockchain technology works ?...................................................................................................... SHA-384 Algorithm & Its Use………………………………………………………………………………………………… TerraGreen Business Model Case –ASEAN PowerGrid ……………………………………25 ASEAN Biomass Waste Generations ASEAN Renewable Energy Demand - First Market for TerraGreen Growth Energy Crop Plantations in ASEAN TerraGreen Blockchain & Apps Tools ............................................................................ 34 TerraGreen Wallet………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Blockchain Platform…………………………………………………………………………………………………… Terragreen Utility Platform……………………………………………………………………………………… Terragreen Token Module………………………………………………………………………………………. Smart contract for TerraGreen……………………………………………………………………………… Proposed Renewable Energy Projects in ASEAN ...................................................... 47 Revenue Sources .................................................................................................................................................... Dividend Declaration ........................................................................................................................................... TerraGreen Coin Structure .................................................................................................. 50 Funding Goals ........................................................................................................................................................... Coin Economy ............................................................................................................................................................

  2. Value Appreciation ................................................................................................................................................ Projected Use of Contributions .................................................................................................................... TerraGreen coin Attributes & Usage ........................................................................................................ Roadmap ...................................................................................................................................... ..55 Challenges ................................................................................................................................... 58 Conclusion .................................................................................................................................... 59 Our Dedicated Team ............................................................................................................... 60 Meet Our Advisors ..................................................................................................................... 61 Associates ................................................................................................................................... 62 Supported .................................................................................................................................. 63 Disclaimer .................................................................................................................................... 64 Appendices ................................................................................................................................... 67

  3. Introduction TerraGreen founders and team has been involved in the renewable energy industry for more than 15 yearsof time. During this period, we have seen desires for neat, healthy and safer life were growing exponentially. Tons of people now realize the need to embrace energy generations via renewable energy resources. However, the current market scenario does not allow the growth of renewable energy industry to take place rapidly, mainly due to bottle-necks in the financial sector. TerraGreen blockchainpowered attempt at micro- managing biomass agricultural and forestry sectors and efficiently converting them into renewable energy products. These products, at the end of the process, will be in their greater heights of economic TerraGreen Coin, consumers can directly participate in the management and renewable energy products, which in return support the revolution. Coin is a unique wastes from values. With biomass production waste of green energy Figure 1: TerraGreen Coin Representation TerraGreen is essentially a DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization), governed autonomously on the basis of pre-defined instructions in the form of smart contract. There are various smart contracts in a DAO. The smart contracts delve into the realm of, but are not limited to, Combined Heat & Power Optimization (CHP), Synthetic Natural Gas, Hydrogen Production, Synthetic Fuels, SOFC, Green Chemistry, Activated Carbon, and Pulp. 1

  4. Given the rapid progress of fundamental research on efficient product conversion, we look forward to adapt and improve the existing working technology. Managing resources is not a simple task and given the abysmal state of waste resources management in most countries, TerraGreen will help model an ideal system. For a foolproof system, effective decentralization and robust micromanagement are the underpinning. This is where the blockchain technology and several sub-programs offered by TerraGreen Coin comes into the picture. Our goal is to create a truly sustainable, clean community development around the world while directly allowing consumers to directly participate in the renewable energy industry. 2

  5. Global Waste – SolvableProblem as a Renewable Energy Resource One consequence of population growth and upgraded living standards is an intensified agricultural production. Which in return has caused an rise in volume and types of biomass waste generation. This causes serious problems, as rotting biomass waste e.g. emits methane, a far more devastating greenhouse gas (GHG), to the climate. Additionally, open burning by the farmers, to clear the agricultural land, generates CO2 and other pollutants. Incorrect management of agricultural biomass waste therefore contributes to climate change, water and soil pollution and also local air pollution. Following are the staggering statistics of waste, generated worldwide: •Every year we produce a gigantic amount of waste of 2.12 billion tons. •Total biomass waste generated is 100 billion metric tons per year •Total Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated is 1.3 billion metric tons per year •Total waste tires generated is 10 million metric tons per year •Hazardous waste generated is 400 million metric tons per year However, if properly managed, the global waste can be of high value in terms of renewable energy production. Figure 1, 2 and 3 below show the global waste is an abundant renewable energy sources and conversion of waste to renewable energy products such as electricity, heat, syngas, biofuels and chemicals potentially reduces fossil fuel usage and GHG emissions. 3

  6. SYNGAS 2.4 billion MMBtu/day OR Biofuels 235million Bbls/day OR Electricity 13,700GWCapacity Figure 2: Estimated Biomass Waste (100 Billion Metric Tonne / Year) SYNGAS 37million MMBtu/day OR Biofuels 3million Bbls/day OR Electricity 178GWCapacity Figure 3: Estimated MSW (3.6 Million Metric Tonne / Year) 4

  7. SYNGAS 520,000 MMBtu/day OR Biofuels 24,000Bbls/day OR Electricity 1.4GWCapacity Figure 4: Estimated Waste Tires (10 Million Metric Tonne / Year) 5

  8. Global Trends in Renewable Energy & the Challenges In the recent times, the renewable energy has been noticeably accepted as a commercial alternative to fossil-fuel based energy production. The transition to clean, renewable energy - away from fossil fuels is well advancing with a tremendous range of developments as shown below: 6

  9. Global energy demand from 2006 – 2017 (Source: Global Energy & CO2 Status Report 2017) Some of the reasons for the remarkable development in renewable energy projects and implementations worldwide, are due to several crucial factors shown below: a. Use of government renewable energy policy, such as (FiT) where available b. Commercial-scale technology development c. Tax incentives on technology imports and development d. Alternatives funding avenues such as green bond financing. Global commitment on climate change mitigation under the Paris Agreement in 2015 also helped reduce the short-term impact of low oil prices by acknowledging the long-term benefits of renewables. The Paris 7

  10. Agreement has already obtained the instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession from more than 55 7 countries who are cumulatively responsible for 55% of the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This is expected to act as a catalyst for the renewable energy projects. Further to the above development, the UN General Assembly in 2015 has adopted the Sustainable Development Goals on Sustainable Energy for All (SDG 7) initiatives by which around this time projects regarding renewable energy and energy efficiency has been hastened by the G7 and G20 groups of countries respectively. Many countries now comprehend the advantages of using sustainable energy as a source of meeting off-grid and dispersed request. Accordingly, sustainable energy policies were realized, particularly for power, heating and cooling, transportation, and city and local government activities to take advantage of renewable energy benefits. Figure 5: Global Energy Demand in 2006 8

  11. Since the year 2014, the number of nations with sustainable energy targets and policies has increased and made their targets more promising, including those who set their renewable energy / electricity targets at 100%. There are more than 170 countries that have sustainable power source targets, and an expected amount of 150 countries have policies in favor of sustainable power. Fossil fuels who have dominated the energy generation for a decade long, now see a decline and we can dependably foresee the future development and potential of renewable energy. Additionally, renewable energy sources such as biomass, wind and solar are also able to support decentralized, mini grid and off-grid solutions. These can be utilized for powering remote telecommunications, solar-powered irrigation kits and rural scale biomass in many developing countries Figure 6: Main Categories in Total Renewable in 2006 TerraGreen, therefore aims to expediate the growth by connecting the renewable energy producers with the users. In this way, investment into profitable renewable energy projects are directly brought to the consumers in a transparent way through block chain technology. 9

  12. State-of-the-Art Technology & Process Solutions for Production of Renewable Energy Products TerraGreen aims to create a global, decentralized biomass waste management, majorly in the agricultural & plantation sector. The creation of such a network will enable the deployment of an extensive renewable energy infrastructure, which will provide the necessary impetus for proper biomass waste management. The TerraGreen mission is, to change the way waste is perceived by industries and proving it as the greatest untapped resource available to mankind. TerraGreen strives to implement a monetary incentive mechanism, where people are rewarded for participating directly in converting biomass waste into renewable energy products. TerraGreen aims to cut through the current problems of lacking access to state-of-the-art technology and capital for the biomass based renewable energy producers, and to provide access of profitable projects directly to the consumers. This is done with the utilization of the blockchain technology and renewable energy backed coins. Existing and new biomass waste management companies will be provided with complete business plan including innovative technology and process solution with the use of locally generated biomass waste. TerraGreen’s state-of-the-art technology and process are based on technically optimized and cost-effective solutions to convert biomass waste into high value energy products. This is done by using latest biomass gasification technology and individual optimized gas conditioning systems, whereby the base for the production of several CO2-neutral synthetic fuels are laid. Several key renewable energy products are described below: 10

  13. a.CHP Optimization CHP projects dealt with economic optimization of biomass gasification power plant. The main goal is, to produce electricity and heat in costeffective commercial operations. b.Synthetic Fuels Biomass gasification technology leads to production of producer gas which in turn will be used in Fischer-Tropsch process to generate biofuels. c.Synthetic Natural Gas The aim is to synthesize methane from biomass waste in biomass gasification plant and feed into the local gas distribution system. In this process, carbon monoxide and hydrogen of the producer gas are catalytically converted to methane. d.Pressure Biomass Gasification The high-pressure gasification technology is used to treat biomass waste with a high content of moisture. This leads to the production of producer gas for the generation of power and synthetic fuels. e.Hydrogen Production The biomass steam gasification process, coupled with syngas purification, is used to produce pure hydrogen from biomass. A hydrogen production at concentration of 99.99%-v can be achieved. This increases the well-to-tank efficiency and contributes to a sustainable energy portfolio. f.Mixed Alcohols Synthetic alcohols from biomass gasification technology can either be used directly as fuels, added to fuels as octane-boosters or as basic substance for the chemical industry. g.Pulp Production& Green Chemistry In hemicellulose and lignin are separated. These basic biomass components are used in paper pulp industry for the production of white a non-toxic & thermal-mechanical process,cellulose, 11

  14. paper. The components are also utilized to produce C6 sugars, C5 sugars, and C6 aromatics. Producer Gas Generation in a Biomass Waste Gasification System Figure 7: Biomass Gasification process 12

  15. Figure 8: Conversion of biomass waste into renewable energy Figure 9: Conversion of biomass waste into green chemistry products 13

  16. TerraGreen Digital Currency Model & Blockchain Platform Energy as Digital Currency Energy-related finance can be split according to two domains: its relation to energy and its relation to money. Energy-related money could either be designed by making the money in reference to a certain energy type or be physically backed by energy. In the latter case, the currency would be redeemable against its backing or non-redeemable.2 To make the economy work for the planet, and therefore for the long-term interest of humanity, we need to change how money works. We require a feedback loop inbetween nature and the economy. A relatively new take on incentive mechanism for energy trade is the idea of using energy as the currency. A number of energyrelated currencies have been proposed for the reduction of CO2 emissions, such as the Ergo and Carbon Coin; for the in-feed of renewable energy, namely Solar Coin; and for the energy related product such as Genercoin. While these proposals address environmental issues, the vast distribution of energy outputs from renewable energy technologies is overlooked. Focusing on these energy outputs, TerraGreen Digital Currency, also called TerraGreen Coin will be developed to be distributed on global and own trading platforms and international financial system, a Bitcoin-inspired decentralized digital currency that is secured and backed by renewable energy smart contract. On a global level, Terra Green Coin allows anyone to invest in the energy sector by purchasing the currency and thereby increasing its value on the market. In the long run, industries can even offer discounts for green products and services purchased with TerraGreen Coin and by that boosting the renewable energy economy. The advantage of the proposed TerraGreencoins are: 1. Blockchain based decentralized financial system 2. High degree of privacy & trust 3. Value defined by green energy 14

  17. 4. Directly addresses the enormous biomass waste, generated by industries & human beings TerraGreen Coin Model TerraGreen platform, a blockchain based renewable energy coin, will serve to promote and assist in creations of renewable energy generating facilities around the world. This is done through issuance of energy coin and thus raising capital for renewable energy producers. These energy coins therefore shall represent the amount of green energy the producer committed to produce and deliver to end-users via grid or distributions network. In this way, renewable energy producers can trade globally with everyone, both users and investors, by selling the energy in advance, and this in turn ensures liquidity and access to capital for setting up renewable energy plants. The premise of TerraGreenCoin is expanded from the DeKo Thesis, which states that that “electrical energy in the unit form of delivered kilowatt hours can be a more stable asset for backing a currency than gold or debt, hence it offers a combination of stable value together with economic utility.3Hence, value of TerraGreenCoin are backed by renewable energy generating assets and standardized smart contracts. A smart contract is a contract between two parties, one that generates renewable energy products for the purpose of sale (the seller) and one that purchases and receives these products (the buyer or off-taker). The smart contract defines all of the commercial terms for the sale of renewable energy products between the two parties, including when the project will begin commercial operation, schedule for delivery of the products, penalties for under delivery, payment terms, and termination. A smart contract is the principal agreement that defines the revenue and credit quality of a renewable energy plants and is thus a key instrument of project financing. TerraGreen Coin’s main objective is to combine the benefits of today’s worldwide most extraordinary interests: world renewables biomass waste generations, renewable energy and digital currencies. Renewable energy and digital currencies are expanding through creative innovation, and as such the inventors at TerraGreen shall spur the creation of TerraGreen digital currency, which shall be connected directly to renewable energy assets and biomass waste generations. In this way, TerraGreen platform is connected to the biomass waste collection process, renewable energy 15

  18. plants, energy grid and distribution market to the end users. With the integration of TerraGreen, Bigdata and Internet of Things (IOT) Apps with TerraGreen decentralized App, the whole process of exchange of energy as a basic layer of the digital energy world becomes transparent and henceforth TerraGreen Coin will lead the global digitization of renewable energy from waste material. TerraGreen platform shall contain data of the renewable energy produced, exported, the energy price sold to the local grid and the biomass waste supply chain management in a transparent manner. Once a renewable energy producer is connected to TerraGreen platform, their future renewable energy generations are converted into digital currency based on energy unit of Joule. The value of One TerraGreen Coin is equivalent to 10 MJ that will be producedand injected into the grid & market at a certain time in the future. In this way, any renewable energy producer is able to raise part of capital required to finance the renewable energy project through selling of a portion of Joule that will be produced in the future, on the Terra Green network, in a form of energy currency. This energy currency could be purchased by investor or buyer and it is backed by green energy asset and standardized smart contracts. Each energy currency coin is based on smart contract that has the following information: a.type of renewable energy products b.type of biomass waste material c.commercial operation date of renewable energy plants d.equivalent MJ and price TerraGreen platform, in addition to helping solve the current global problem of biomass waste by innovation of renewable energy technology and financing of the renewable energy projects, has the opportunity to become the leading digital energy platform based on the principle of waste- to-energy, carbon-neutrality, and decentralization of the industry. With the combination of blockchain technology, Apps related to decentralization, IOT and BigData, smart contract, biomass supply chain, state-of-the-art technology and machine learning, TerraGreen platform shall be ready to be develop into a virtual green energy company, fully self-managed and decentralized. This will provide the possibility for waste-to-renewable energy projects to be developed at a higher success rate, thus giving substantial positive impact to climate change and environmental pollutions caused by wastes generated from the activities of the human being. 16

  19. TerraGreen Platform – Innovative Blockchain Algorithm TerraGreen platform is not based on relational databases, as scalability and sustainability are a serious limitation with these databases. Fundamentally, a blockchain technology is the backbone of TerraGreen platform. The main advantage of blockchain technology is evident with many success stories and evolution of the technology into something greater, namely durability, robustness and enhanced security. Essentially, TerraGreen Platform, with the support of blockchain technology, shall be an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record, not limited to financial transactions but virtually everything of value. TerraGreen Coin model demands decentralization of energy trading. Henceforth, the blockchain backbone of TerraGreen platform shall be a decentralized technology. Anything that happens on it will be a function of the network as a whole. That means TerraGreen Coin shall be managed by its network, and not by one central authority, which in- turn means the platform is operated on a user-to-user basis. 17

  20. Types of Blockchain The idea emerged that the Bitcoin blockchain could be in fact used for any kind of value transaction or any kind of agreement such as P2P insurance, P2P energy trading, P2P ride sharing, etc. The Terragreen project decided to create their own blockchain, with very different properties than Bitcoin, decoupling the layer from the core blockchain protocol, offering a radical new way to create online markets and programmable transactions that are as following. Figure 10: Public, Centralized and Private Blockchain System Public Blockchain Public blockchains are just that, public. Anyone who wants to read, write, or wish to connect a public blockchain can do so. Public chains are decentralized meaning no one body has control over the network, ensuring the data can’t be changed once if it is validated on the blockchain. It Simply indicates, anyone, anywhere, can use a public blockchain to input transactions and data as long as they are connected to the network 18

  21. With the public blockchain technology used in terragreen, all the nodes connected in the network can see the transaction of each other and the entire activities taken by the individuals among the network. Private Blockchain Blockchains that are private or permissioned work similarly to public blockchains but with access controls that restrict those that can join the network, meaning it operates like a centralized database systems of present that limits access to certain users. Private Blockchains consists of one or multiple entities that control the network, which leads to the reliance on third-parties to transact. A well-known example would be Hyperledger. Private blockchains can only be used by those who has been invited by the network’s administrators. Users include companies that are seeking to make investment in blockchain technology; for example, integration into record keeping procedures without exposing sensitive data on the internet. Private blockchain within terragreen, certainly has the potential to save millions of dollars for various industries by reducing many different types of behind the scene expenditures that can be automated in a trusted way through blockchain technology 19

  22. Centralized Blockchain Centralized blockchains offer much more customized and control over the network to the organization deploying it as they can decide who gets to participate in the network. This signifies that not as much resources have to be invested in competing to secure the network which makes Centralized Blockchains more environment-friendly compared to their Decentralized counterparts. In terragreen centralized blockchain a group of users connected to centralized authority can only see the transactions and all the activities take placed between the connected nodes within the specific network that runs the transaction. 20

  23. However, in a centralized network, only known and identified parties can transact on the ledger. Therefore, their transactions can be audited. How blockchain technology works? According to the technology, a blockchain is a chain of blocks, ordered in a network of non-trusted peers. Each block would references the previous one and contains data, its own hash, and the hash of the previous block. A unit of data stored inside a block may be represented by any value depending on the type of blockchain system. All blocks can store an amount of money, a share of the company, a digital certificate of its own ownership, a vote during an election process, or any other values. 21

  24. Figure 11: Figure Representation of blocks as a chain A block stores encrypted details about the parties whose interaction resulted in the data stored inside the block. A cryptocurrency block will also contain the sender’s and receiver’s encrypted identifiers. A block for an ecommerce transaction will contain the identifiers of the retailer and consumer as well, for example. Each block also has a hash. This hash is a value generated from a string of texts using a mathematical function. A hash can be compared to a fingerprint, as because each hash is unique. Its major role is to identify a block and the block’s contents too. Once a block is created, a hash is calculated accordingly. Making changes inside the block causes the hash to change. So, a hash too indicates changes to a block. Also, every block contains a hash of the previous block. For instance, if there consists three blocks in a blockchain, block 3 will contain the hash of block 2, and block 2 will contain the hash of block 1. If anyone make changes to the data in a single block, the hash of that particular block changes, but it also makes the whole chain as invalid. A hash is a tremendous tool for identifying attempts to change data in blocks. Although, a hash algorithm alone is not enough to ensure the security of a blockchain. To mitigate attempts to corrupt the blockchain and to ensure security, blockchain technology also uses a process called proof-of-work (POW). 22

  25. SHA-384 Algorithm and its use SHA-384 is a cryptographic hash function that takes an input of a random size and produces an output of a fixed size. Hash functions are powerful because they are ‘one-way’. What this mean is about possibility for anyone to use a hash function to produce an output when given an input; however, it is impossible to use the output of the hash function to reconstruct it’s given input. This powerful feature of 21 the SHA-384 hash function makes it ideal for application within the TerraGreen Coin platform. The SHA-384 hash function is utilized within the TerraGreen network in following ways: Creation of TerraGreen Addresses •Creation of TerraGreen coin addresses SHA-384 is defined in the exact same manner as SHA-512 with the following two exceptions: 1.the initial hash value H (0) is based on the fractional parts of the square roots of the ninth through sixteenth primes: H (0) 1 = cbbb9d5dc1059ed8 H (0) 2 = 629a292a367cd507 H (0) 3 = 9159015a3070dd17 H (0) 4 = 152fecd8f70e5939 H (0) 5 = 67332667ffc00b31 H (0) 6 = 8eb44a8768581511 H (0) 7 = db0c2e0d64f98fa7 H (0) 8 = 47b5481dbefa4fa4 2.The final 384-bit hash is obtained by truncating the SHA-512-based hash output to its left-most 384 bits. Hence the hash of “abc" is 23

  26. cb00753f45a35e8b 1a8b605a43ff5bed 8086072ba1e7cc23 58baeca134c825a7 b5a03d699ac65007 272c32ab0eded163 and the hash of “abcdefghbcdefghicdefghijdefghijkefghijklfghijklmghijklmnhijklmnoijklmn opjklmnopqklmnopqrlmnopqrsmnopqrstnopqrstu" (with no line break after the first n) is 09330c33f71147e8 3d192fc782cd1b47 53111b173b3b05d2 2fa08086e3b0f712 fcc7c71a557e2db9 66c3e9fa91746039 This innovative algorithm enables TerraGreen platform to be used for creating value and authenticates digital information. Additionally, inside the TerraGreen ecosystem, there are three sub-ecosystems actively working by exchanging data, analyzing them, generating reports and making predictive and/or prescriptive actionable suggestions to each other in real time. 24

  27. TerraGreen Business Model Case TerraGreen renewable energy business case will begin in South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). This is because of the unique regulatory framework in the form of feed-in-tariff (FiT) provided by most of the ASEAN countries. By guaranteeing access to the grid and setting a favorable price per unit of renewable energy, the FiT mechanism would ensure that renewable energy becomes a viable and sound long-term investment for companies and industries. There is already a memorandum of understanding signed by the ASEAN energy ministers in 2007 covering the formation of ASEAN power grid. The ongoing and proposed power grid interconnection projects shown in Figure 3. The aim of the project is to interconnect ASEAN countries in order to promote power trading and exchange across the South East Asia. Figure 12: ASEAN existing and proposed power grid interconnection projects This is crucial condition for renewable energy project implementation & operation and hence tokenization of energy on a large scale and this requires power grid beyond borders. If there are no market conditions large & interconnected power grid, energy trading will be limited to local grid. 25

  28. There are three important factors of TerraGreen growth: 1. Energy production 2.Energy consumption 3.Market liquidity TerraGreen network will grow with greater transparency and security to the renewable energy market and delivering best value and experience to both the energy producers and energy users directly. TerraGreen has secured several renewable energy producers and the combined power generation is more than 100MWe biomass power plants spanning across ASEAN countries. ASEAN Biomass Waste Generations In ASEAN, energy from biomass represented about 12.41% of total renewable energy consumption in 2011. However, energy production from biomass still has a significant potential since a large portion of biomass is still underutilized. Moreover, increasing potential of energy crops and development of plant yield improvement technology will extend the bioenergy potential even more. Therefore, biomass is considered as a promising alternative energy source in future strategic energy planning both national and regional context. ASEAN is fast becoming an attractive market for developing biomass as an energy source. There is enormous potential of biomass energy in ASEAN countries given that it produces nearly 230 million tons of feedstock supply per year from diverse forms of wastes such as agricultural residues, agro- industrial wastes, woody biomass, animal wastages, municipal solid waste,Chemical wastes etc. Southeast Asia is also a big producer of wood and agricultural products which, when processed in industries, it produces large amounts of biomass residues. According to conservative estimates, the amount of biomass residues generated from sugar, rice and palm oil mills is more than 230 million tons per year which corresponds to cogeneration potential of 16-19 GW. Woody biomass is one of the great energy resource due to presence of large number of forests and wood processing industries in the region. The figure 10 presents the maximum capacity of agricultural and other waste residues for renewable energy production, in terms of oil equivalent, in each country. 26

  29. 8,916 ktoe 6,088 ktoe 856 ktoe 10,484 ktoe 15,906 ktoe 1,287 ktoe 5,779 ktoe 26,256 ktoe Figure 13: Renewable energy products from agricultural waste in ASEAN 27

  30. Figure 14: Major agricultural waste generation in ASEAN Figure 15: Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generations in ASEAN As a case example it is estimated that Indonesia only produces 146.7 million tons of biomass per year. This biomass is equivalent to about 470 GJ per year of energy production. However, biomass availability is distributed all 28

  31. over the country, but large concentrated scale can be found in the Island of Kalimantan, Sumatera, Irian Jaya and Sulawesi. The power generation estimated from the about 150 million tonne of biomass residues produced per year to be about 50 GW or equivalent to roughly 470 GJ per year. The main source of biomass energy in Indonesia is rice residues with a technical energy potential of 150 GJ per year. Other potential biomass sources are as follows: a.Rubber wood residues (120 GJ per year), b.Sugar mill residues (78 GJ per year), c.Palm oil residues (67 GJ per year), d.20 GJ per year in total from plywood and veneer residues, logging residues, sawn timber residues, coconut residues Another source of biomass waste is municipal solid waste (MSW). Major percentage of these wastes originated from household in the form organic wastes from the kitchen. Currently, all the wastes are ether burned or dumped into a designated dumping ground or landfill, without any recovery for renewable energy. ASEAN Renewable Energy Demand - First Market for TerraGreen Growth The 10 countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) represent one of the most dynamic parts of the global energy system and their energy demand has grown by 60% over the past 15 years. ASEAN countries are at various different stages of economic development and have different energy resource endowments and consumption patterns. According to International Energy Agency, by 2040, Southeast Asia’s energy demand grows by almost two-thirds. This represents one-tenth of the rise in global demands, as the region’s economy triples in size, the total population grows by a fifth with the urban population alone growing by over 150 million people. This scenario reflects the impact of existing energy policies in Southeast Asia as well as an assessment of the results likely to stem from the implementation of announcing policy intentions, such as the country assurance made as part of the Paris Agreement. ASEAN as a group has identified a target of 23% share of renewable in the primary energy mix by 2025. For the achievement of this target, the region will need to double or even triple the current share of clean energy. Meeting increasing electricity demand requires a huge expansions in the region’s power system, with coal and renew accounting for almost 70% of new 29

  32. capacity. Installed power generation capacity 28 rises to more than 565 gigawatts (GW) in 2040 in our main scenario, from 240 GW today. The mix of fuels and technologies varies country-by-country, but overall reflects an emerging preference for a combination of high efficiency coal plants and increased deployment of renewable. As shown in Figure 12, by 2040, renewables account for the largest share of installed capacity (nearly 40%), but coal takes the most prominent role in the generation mix (40%) and 70% of the new coal-fired capacity uses high efficiency super critical or ultra-super critical technologies. Output obtained from natural gas-fired plants rises by 60% in absolute terms, but the share of gas in the power mix falls back from the current 43% to 28% by 2040. The large penetration of renewable and wider deployment of more efficient coal-fired plants results in the carbon intensity of power sector declining by almost one-fifth, but it remains significantly higher than the world average. Figure 16: Renewables account for the largest share of installed capacity by 2040 in ASEAN 30

  33. Figure 17: Biomass based renewable energy demand in ASEAN 31

  34. TerraGreen shall initially target ASEAN market before entering into other world markets. TerraGreen will play critical role in terms of facilitation of investments into the renewable energy and trade of energy. This is done by allowing a direct interaction between renewable energy producers and the end user and/or investors globally. In this way, TerraGreen network acts as a platform to help renewable energy producers to attract capital directly from energy end users and/or investors. Energy Crop Plantations in ASEAN The word energy crop plantations apply to softwood plantations that are growing fast in their juvenile phase. Through intensive cultivation, this property is utilized for the production of biomass that can be used for renewable energy production. In this proposed project, Acacia mangium has been identified as the principal species based on past experienced and recommendation by forestry agencies. Acacia trees are renowned for their robustness and adaptability, which make them good plantation species as shown in Figure 1. It is a fast growing, nitrogenfixing tree, and has shown adaptability to a wide range of environment conditions. It is also suitable for rehabilitating difficult site such as tin-tailing areas. Initially, through Special Purpose Vehicle company, 2,500 acres of land will be acquired and planted with Acacia mangium species. Management practices of Acacia mangium plantation for energy crop are similar to practices adopted by forestry department of south east countries. In brief, the management practices can be divided into four stages as follows: i. Nursery ii. Site Preparation iii. Silvicultural Treatments & Harvesting The thinning process are carried in stages. The first thinning (removal of 300 stems/ha) and second thinning (removal of 200 stems/ha) when the average stand height is 10 m and 17 m are carried out about 2 years old and about 4 to 5 years old, respectively. A final thinning of up to 200 stems/ha is carried out when the average stand height is 25 m (about 8 to 9 years old) leaving about 200 stems/ha for final harvesting at 15 years. The harvesting of the whole trees is carried with following cycle: a.On the 2nd year – 300 trees (pole size) b.On the 6 th year – 300 trees (pole size) 32

  35. th year – 400 trees (above 30 diameter) c. On the 10 The harvested energy crops will be used as fuels for renewable energy plants in South East Asia. 33

  36. TerraGreen Blockchain & Apps Tools Inside the TerraGreen ecosystem, there are three sub-ecosystems actively working by exchanging data, analyzing them, generating reports and making predictive and/or prescriptive actionable suggestions to each other in real time. They will continue to analyze the consequences of the suggested action and store it to take them into account for future analysis of similar kind. This highly iterative process of suggestion-action-analysis over the period of time is designed to continuously lead to better autonomous operational suggestions, efficiency and its productivity. This has been made possibility by the use of some of the tools and technologies as described in this section. TERRAGREEN-BD:TGN-BD stands for TerraGreen Big data. It is the customized application of Big Data to support the waste management and renewable energy industries in the following areas, but not limited to: a. waste material determination and mapping b. feedstock supply chain management c. renewable energy products conception d. planning and engineering of renewable energy projects e. erection, commissioning, services of renewable energy projects f. operational, reliability centered maintenance, productions of renewable energy outputs g. environmental and health safety management Big data in general refer to collecting and storing large amounts of data in order to extract useful information which enables smart and effective decision making in real time and/or future. TGN-BD collects, stores vast amount of data and suggests as well as initiates execution functions in areas related but not limited to, process route optimization, supply chain 34

  37. improvement, reliability and maintenance schedules, report assessment, renewable energy growth projection, carbon foot-printing and carbon offsetting, optimization of the energy production and distribution etc. The key in renewable energy sector is not one of the specific data tool but using a combination of several different data techniques. TerraGreen will actively leverage different sources of renewable energy products. Even though biomass waste could be used to generate different types of sustainable green energy products, it comes with its own set problems. The problems associated with sustainable energy have mostly involved with the type of biomass feedstock and the distribution mechanism as well as the cost involved. TerraGreen platform since holds tremendous amounts of information but will be useful only when analyzed well. The integration of blockchain SHA 384 along with TGN-BD helps improve decision-making processes to target renewable growth. The following are four ways the Big Data App support TerraGreen renewable energy plants: Predicting Biomass Feedstock Availability & Supply Chain Optimization One of the main advantages of big data is the optimization of the renewable energy production and its distribution. In the past many renewable energy projects have experienced intermittent or frequent energy production disruptions due to unpredictable resources and unexpected supply chain challenges. As a result, it becomes difficult for renewable energy plants to operate at their maximum potential. However, the use of big data rapidly changing this scenario. Historically, the biomass waste generations from agricultural and forestry sectors have always collected data. With the use of TGN-BD predictive analytics, and machine learning, this data can now be combined with weather and satellite data. In short, the feedstock supply availability and supply chain mechanism can be predicted well in advance, allowing renewable energy plants to increase their production significantly. Instead of increasing the number of gasification modular system, the idea is to increase the efficiency and reliability of existing plant infrastructure and thus, power plant owners no longer has to spend more money on the additional infrastructure costs. 35

  38. Streamline Operation & Maintenance Processes and Production Distribution In setting-up many and different types of renewable energy plants in ASEAN will result in higher consumptions of biomass waste and energy tree crop. In addition, operating and maintaining these renewable energy plants spread across ASEAN region is a tough balancing act. A large hydrogen enrichment and production plant, for example, consists of several large reactors, hundreds of in-built ceramic catalytic filter candles, WSG reactors, hundreds (or even thousands) of complex chemical reactions, different types of sensitive equipment’s, sensors, control & measurement equipment’s and complex of web of wires for SCADA. Diversely, a large gasification power plant would have completely different set of sensitive equipment s, process controls and monitoring of power exports to the grid. As a result, operation and maintenance of multi-plant management become increasingly difficult, and it can affect the daily energy output of the plants. With the help of big data analytics, however, TerraGreen can streamline these plants operations and management (O&M) processes to a great extent. Reducing Renewable Energy Production Costs The big data and predictive analysis technology can be used to control many multi-layer process from the supply chain to operation & maintenance of facilities and distribution of renewable energy products, TerraGreen can ensure the production of more energy without yielding additional infrastructure costs. This will also ensure the plant efficiency always maintained at optimum level. The ability to extract useful information from big data is one of the reasons behind the gradual decline in the renewable energy prices in the world. In the next coming decade or so, renewable energy will be a cost competent with its conventional counterparts. Making Renewable Energy Project Profitable With big data tools, TerraGreen can forecast renewable energy generation based on past performance, weather, and other parameters accurately. It can also help determine the precise quantity of biomass waste required to 36

  39. produce the desired output. Thus, TerraGreen big data can use make the renewable energy projects highly profitable. TERRAGREEN-ADI: TGN-ADI is an abbreviation for TGN Adaptive Intelligence. The main purpose of TGN-ADI is to assist in improving efficiency of the renewable energy plants. This is incorporated with the module TGN-BD described above. Initially, there are two components within the TGN-ADI ecosystems: a. Renewable Energy Forecasting b. Renewable Energy Efficiency Renewable Energy Forecasting There are many challenges with renewable energy plants such biomass waste availability, supply chain management, optimized process flow and maximum production output etc. However, these variables highly fluctuate depending on circumstances and external factors which are beyond control. TGN-ADI rightfully address these challenges with a higher level of accuracy and detail. This means, that greater precautions could be taken to harness and preserve the renewable energy that was generated. TGN- ADI algorithms driving data from various sources of data sets are trained to identify patterns and make predictions based on those data points. This will ensure more renewable energy plants could be planned for execution in the region. Renewable Energy Efficiency TGN-ADI is an intelligence-based control system that shall be used to increase process efficiency at every stage of renewable energy plant operation. For instance, this App could increase the usage of biomass waste and increase the reliability of pre-processing of biomass waste equipments. Before biomass waste is converted into fuels and products, they undergo various types of pre-processing to meet quality specifications required for conversion process. Pre-processing may include techniques such as milling, densification, or pelletizing, mechanical pressing to ensure the feedstock is a uniform format and ready for conversion. There is a huge spectrum of 37

  40. variability in biomass that arises from differences in species, genetics, relative crop maturity, agronomic practices and harvest methods, soil type, geographic location, and climatic patterns and events. This variability some of which is avoidable and some of which is not, presents significant cost and performance risks for renewable energy plants. Feedstock preprocessing is a key first step in the biomass waste-to-energy supply chain, so reliably pre- processing feedstocks will result in more efficient biomass conversion, distribution, and end use down the line. Optimizing how biomass waste is collected and pre-processed, and decreasing the cost in doing so, is a key step in reducing the overall cost of biofuels and electricity generated, and hence increases the company profit. TERRAGREEN -IOT: TGN-IOT is an abbreviation for TGN Internet of things. While it has many advantages to produce different renewable energy products, but it can be challenging for these facilities to be managed. Having these facilities fully integrated properly with various other external processes namely feedstock supply chain and final product, export to grid and distribution network, TerraGreen facilities need to be informed in real- time whether they delivering sufficient energy levels and maintaining load balance on the grid, experiences fluctuating biomass supply and energy generation in response to environmental factors etc. By using TGN-IOT in these facilities, many of the challenges in managing these facilities can be solved with little effort and investment in terms of equipment or manpower. This also gives TerraGreen the ability to identify and fix problems in near real time. The main benefit of using TNG-IOT is that TerraGreen shall be able to see exactly what is happening with all the assets and processes from one central control panel. Utilized properly, TGN-IOT along with TGN-ADI and TGN-BD, could help TerraGreen not only to optimize various processes in producing cost-effective renewable energy products hence increases profits, but also completely avoid catastrophic breakdown of these facilities. One can simply indicate that TGN-BD is the fuel of TGN-IOT and TGN-ADI is the brain of TGN-IOT. Togetherly, they constitute what is known as TGN Ecosystem. TERRAGREEN -DAP: TGN-DAP is an abbreviation for Distributed Application Blockchain is a distributed ledger and continuously growing record of what is termed as blocks consisting of peer to peer transaction. The technology has been claimed by many to be the biggest invention in the digital world from that of the world wide web. It has a vast number of applications throughout many industries. One of the major applications being the advent of cryptocurrencies. Blockchain has the most extensive application in the TGN ecosystem, where we aim to place 100% of the data and 38

  41. transaction records on the open and distributed ledger. TerraGreen aims to inherit all the core fundamental characteristics of blockchain into its ecosystem. Some of the core characteristics of blockchain that will be of pivotal importance to TerraGreen are: a.Decentralization b.Security c.Distributed Storage d.Transparency e.Fault Tolerance f.Elimination of Middleman The data processed and stored on an open ledger in TGN Ecosystem will be divided into two parts. First one is the data such as transaction record which are stored for record keeping purposes and retrieved as and when required. The second type of data is the data such as the machine log, prescriptive analytics report which are generally not used for managerial purposes by employee. The data of the former type will be stored on the open ledger in the presence of a user interface that allows storage and makes retrieval of data easy. The latter kind will have no user interface due to the absence of such a need. All the transactions happening in a factory on TerraGreen model will be on blockchain SHA 384. This will ensure about complete transparency, easy auditing and many more benefits. TerraGreenCoin will use an extensive infrastructure comprising of a number of Smart Contract, where organization wide actions will be initiated and recorded in a transparent, public and private traceable and irreversible manner. The core fundamental properties of blockchain makes it impossible to alter the ‘codes’ and hence ‘rules’ of smart contract after they have been so deployed. Thus, these actions of smart contract cannot be altered influence or tampered with. Nodes present on the blockchain serve as the medium of data storage over a distributed network system. It allows ideal storage and retrieval of information in a secured and transparent manner. TerraGreen Decentralized Application: (DApp)is a platform independent user interface to enable the community users interact with various platform exclusive features and participate in various campaigns. The decentralized application will 37 be built on ALGORITHM SHA384 blockchain. TGN-APP is a combination of userfriendly front end along with implementing transactions which work on a predefined set of rules, guidelines and a 100% 39

  42. predictable model under a given set of circumstance and constraints. TGN- APP is the one of the main requirements for a user to be able to actively take part and be associated with the community. The primary objective of DApp creation is to build a user interface to ease the process of disposing of waste for industrial contributor. Another important fundamental objective of deep is to aware the community users about the possibility of Biomass around them and bring about a change in their routine activities and influence the way that people perceive waste in a positive manner. The similar can be done in various ways by introducing users to, facts, articles, news, etc. about the impact waste is created on the environment. The TGN App will have basic fundamental characteristics of DApp namely: 1.Open Source: The source code of TGNAPP will be available on TerraGreen Coin GitHub repository. 2.Decentralized: TGNAPP will leverage the Blockchain technologies and Smart Contracts built on top of Algorithm SHA384 based Blockchain. 3.Incentive: Community users will receive rewards for specified purpose. 4.Algorithm SHA384/Protocol: The TGNAPP follows a predefined set of rules and protocol, all of which are open to be viewed and reviewed by all. Some of the features that user community will be able to exercise with the help of TGNApp are: Participate and Vote for various community and project related Integrated TGN Wallet, to ease sending receiving and storing TGN Coin. 1.Platform Signup, to ease the process of new users joining the community. 2.Real time Reward chart and coin price, to estimate the current and possible future value of holder’s portfolio. 3.Availing decentralized advertisement feature, for content advertiser, who can be anyone including companies and individuals. 4.TerraGreen Coin Blog, access to latest announcement and updates from TerraGreen coin and its team. 5.Community Feed, to find out the latest happenings in the community, know and influence the opinion of other community users, etc. 40

  43. Community users can also raise a proposal for new collaborations and talk initiations. Apart from the above-mentioned set of features available on TGNApp, TerraGreen coin will continue to work towards making it a robust consumer end user interface for any and every possible positive activity towards renewable energy expansion in the region or neighboring regions. New features will be added in the future versions regarding whitepaper as we progress along the development. The list of provided features are not final and mandatory. Many different features may be added along with the development of project and also, some of the features may be removed for reasons like, but not limited to, technological changes, conflict of interest, community demand etc. Nevertheless, an implemented DAO will take community opinion and majority authorization in account before any fundamental change is implemented. Mobile Wallet Mobile wallets are usually much smaller & simpler than desktop wallets because of the limited space available on a mobile. Wallet stores your public and private keys and interface with various blockchain, so users can monitor their balance, send money and conduct other operations. When a person sends you TerraGreen coins or any other type of digital currency, they are essentially signing off ownership of the coins to your wallet’s address. To be able to spend those coins and unlock the funds, the private key stored in your wallet must be matched to the public address whom the currency is assigned to. If public and private keys matches, the balance in your digital wallet will increase, and the senders will be decreased accordingly. There is no actual exchange of real coins. The transaction is signified merely by a transaction record on the blockchain & a change in balance in your cryptocurrency wallet. Web Wallet Web wallets are managed by third parties in general - that is they hold the private keys and the public keys of the user - means that the process of accessing TerraGreen coin or any crypto currency is significantly lower - you don’t have to download the full client or acquaint yourself with various 41

  44. forms and methods inherent in wallet software. The trade-off though, is that the third party who is responsible for maintaining the integrity of your wallet and keeping secret the private keys - you need to trust them as they could just run off with the money - Mobile Wallet Web Wallet 39 and there is no Government based insurance scheme to guarantee deposits. The advantages of web wallets - apart from the general simplicity - is has ability to bundle transactions together before pushing them onto the blockchain and therefore lowering transaction fees. They also perform internal transfers for zero fees as an attraction to pull in customers and increase their user base - a bitcoin ecosystem within the bitcoin ecosystem - again TerraGreen is the perfect example of this, whilst offering wallet, exchange and Point of Sale services - they have garnered a very large market share pushing other payment services such as to adopt the same strategy and vertically integrate into wallet services from Point of Sales and exchange provision. Blockchain Platform A blockchain has a digitized, decentralized, public ledger of all cryptocurrency transactions. Constantly growing as ‘completed’ blocks (the most recent transactions) are recorded and added to it in chronological order, it allows market participants for keeping track of digital currency transactions without central recordkeeping. Each node (a computer connected to the network) gets a copy of the blockchain, through which is downloaded automatically. Originally developed as the accounting method for the virtual currency, blockchains – which use what's known as distributed ledger technology (DLT) – are appearing in a variety of commercial applications today. Currently, the technology is primarily used for verifying transactions, within digital currencies, though it is possible to digitize, code and insert practically any document into the blockchain. Doing so this creates an indelible record that cannot be changed; Furthermore, the record’s authenticity can be verified by the entire community using the blockchain instead of a single centralized authority. A block is a ‘current’ part of a blockchain, which records some or all of the recent transactions. Once completed, a block goes into the blockchain as permanent database. Each time a block gets completed, a new one is generated by itself. It includes is a countless number of such blocks in the blockchain, connected to each other (like links in a chain) in proper linear, chronological order. Every block contains a hash of a previous block. The blockchain has 42

  45. completed information about different user addresses and their balances right from the genesis block to the most recently completed block. The blockchain was designed so these transactions are immutable,which means they cannot be deleted. The blocks are added through cryptography, ensuring that they remain meddle-proof: The data can be distributed, but cannot be not copied. However, the ever-growing size of the blockchain is considered by some to be a problem, which creates issues of storage and synchronization. TerraGreen Utility Platform 1.Payments via TGN Our platform provides users the flexibility to pay their bills directly from their TerraGreen wallet. The platform boasts immediate transaction between times and even allows you to use a combination of crypto and fiat currency to pay your bills. There is 0.0001 TGN flat transaction fee for their services; which is far less than fiat-based payment systems and despite the payment limits, TerraGreen is expanding quickly. The TerraGreen platform is currently working on a large-scale update that would allow for the usage of more cryptocurrencies in the future. Presently, users can pay bills with BTC, LTC, ETH, BCH, XRP and TGN. There’s also a mobile app available for download on the Android operating system as well as on iOS platform. Independent hotels uses Simple Booking as their booking engine will able to accept TGN coin payments from their clients. The amount of each transaction will be transferred in real-time into a digital wallet, from where it can be automatically get converted into euros or else stored as TGN. 43

  46. TerraGreen Token Module Firstly, we are going to create is a “Token Module” where “Tokens” comes under the TerraGreen system which includes tons of trading goods. These goods are all about the coins, all loyalty points, gold certificates, shares, IOUs, in game items, and creamy brands etc. Since long, all the tokens module implements some basic features in a standard manner, this also concludes that our token will be instantly compatible with the TerraGreen wallet and any different client or contract that uses the same standards. Terragreen token module comprises of IDE using Graphical user interface (GUI), where drag & drop feature is major comfort to the users. The drag & drop features the device gestures, through which the user can select a virtual object by "grab it” and “drag it” to a particular location or onto another virtual object inside IDE. Drag-Drop is a latest feature in today’s technology which is only available in our TerraGreen. This technique is not found in all the other software, user would find it as quick & fast-to-grasp this technique. The token module of Terra green has an enhanced GUI features which are more convenient to the users to create its own token using terrageen token module. TerraGreen tokens modules are being built on the formation of the blockchains. It’s tokens have different - different nodes through which it is accessible. And these nodes can be created using different names. All these tokens are properties of entities. And if we add new field in node then these field will be available as token. Terragreen token module would require token generation and its return value properties. Token properties will comprise of the following: •Name of the token •Description of the token •Data type must be provided, these data type will be used for text being processed. These terragreen token will be issued to the public through a crowd sale which is known as a terragreen Coin. The creators of the token will issue the token to others in exchange for Terragreen and sometimes bitcoin and other digital currencies. 44

  47. Generally, There’s no requirement that tokens should be well distributed, although it is a decentralized application so the tokens should be owned by as many people as possible. In cryptocurrency today, an terragreen Coin might be a great start. The perception to presale coins of a cryptocurrency or token of a Terragreen blockchain project will evolve in a crazy successful instrument to raise funds for the advancement of a new application. Smart contract for Terragreen Terragreen smart contracts are runner on the vast decentralized network, we’ll create smart contracts for the Terragreen blockchain. Terragreen is authentic, as because of it’s blockchain implementation to have a Turing Complete virtual machine built on top of it. This means that a terragreen smart contract can theoretically be used to accomplish any computational task. In more transparent terms, nearly any program can be run on the Terragreen. •Terragreen’s smart contract system is to create a simple token which can be transacted on the Terragreen blockchain. •This contract will be a standardized with a token generation. It will make a Terragreen a moderator of such a huge scope of ICO that you can clearly conclude that Terragreen is a distributed platform for crowdfunding and fundraising itself. •Terragreen would provide an online compiler for solidity where the smart code will be written & compiled. •Terragreen accord smart cash smart wallet. The terragreen Wallet is a portal to decentralized applications on the Terragreen blockchain. It grants you to hold and secure terragreen’s other crypto-assets built on Terragreen, as well as it allows to write, deploy & use smart contracts. money, smart payment, Smart contracts are the account holding objects on the Terragreen blockchain. It will include code functions, and ability to interact with other contracts, to make decisions, store data and send token to others. Smart contract are defined by their main creators, but their execution, its extension provides the services they offer. This is done by the Terragreen network itself. 45

  48. They will exist & be will be executable till the time where the whole network exists, and will only disappear if they were programmed to self-destruct. After creation of the smart contract the user can build his own crypto token to send whomsoever he likes. Once he’s mastered, then he’ll raise the funds through crowd funding process. If successful, will supply a thoroughly transparent & autonomous organization that will only obey its own citizens and will never swerve away from its constitution and cannot be censored or shutdown. Smart contracts define the penalties & rules surrounding an agreement just like all traditional contracts. Unlike traditional contracts, however, smart contracts also enforces the rules. These smart contracts have the functionalities, on which user can relay on. They are as follow: a. Trust b. Savings c. Autonomy d. Safety e. Efficiency. Well, in present, the word “ blockchain” is one of the phrases that gets a lot of hype which helps to make a smart contracts using public keys & private keys. 46

  49. Proposed Renewable Energy Projects in ASEAN Renewable Energy Projects Renewable Energy Projects TerraGreen has secured several renewable energy projects spanning across ASEAN countries. These projects are: a.Combined 3.971 MWe Biomass Gasification Plant for Power Export & 100,000 metric tonne of Briquette Production, in Malaysia b.2.4MWe Biomass Gasification for Power Export, in Malaysia c.9.0MWe Biomass Gasification for Power Export, in Indonesia d.30,000 metric tonne Biomass Briquette, in Malaysia e.10MWth Hydrogen Enrichment & Production, in Malaysia Equivalent Amount of Energy per unit, Joule (J) Amount generated per year Operation hours per year, hour (hr) Proposed Projects Total Energy per year, Tera Joule (TJ) Unit 2.4MWe Power Plant 17,870 MW/h 3,600,000,000 64.33 3.71MWe Power Plant & 100,000 metric tonne Briquette 29,784 MW/h 3,600,000,000 107.22 7446 80,000,000 kg 18,400,000 1472.00 9MWe Power Plant 7446 67,014 MW/h 3,600,000,000 241.25 47