Chapter 4- Ancient Greece Mariah Kleinwolterink
Greece • The civilization of Greece existed from 2500-350 BC.
Different Groups • Crete was the largest island and was a main center for sea trade. • The 300 year “dark age” came up when the Dorians overran. • Hellenistic culture re-emerge.
Ancient Greek • Spartans- military minded people • Athens- Fine arts and beauty • The Athenians and Persians fought the battle of Marathon. The Greeks won the battle.
Height of the Greek Civilization • Pythagorus-Developed math theories • Hippocrates-considered “father of medicine” • Myron’s The Discus Thrower • Herodotus- Greek historian
Famous Greek • Socrates- Asked all questions to students; drank hemlock • Plato- Opened academy after Socrates death; talked about ideal forms of things; questioned reality • Aristotle- Plato’s most famous students; developed idea of how humans act in stupid and evil ways
Hellenistic World • Alex-tutored by Aristotle; spread Greek culture and pulled together Eastern and Western ideas • Alexandria lighthouse • Philosophy • Cynics-live simply, be happy • Stoicism-gain happiness by ignoring emotions, follow reason, accept difficult • Euclid’s geometry and Archimedes principle
Empire Split • Split into 3 • The Greek’s 1/3 was in internal war which made them more vulnerable for the Romans