Islamic Funeral Rites. Ryan Judge and Will Catts. About Islam . Islam is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion founded on the writings of The Qur’an (holy book) and the teachings of the prophet Muhammad.
Islamic Funeral Rites Ryan Judge and Will Catts
About Islam • Islam is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion founded on the writings of The Qur’an (holy book) and the teachings of the prophet Muhammad. • Muslims believe that the Qur’an is the unaltered and definitive word of God and that we exist in order to serve him. • Muslims use the five pillars of Islam and Islamic Law for moral and spiritual guidance. • Islam is the second largest and fastest growing religion in the world today.
After Death • Immediately after death the eyes should be closed, and the body should be covered with a clean sheet. • Friends and family around should also make supplication to Allah for the deceased sins. • Islamic law says that the body should be buried immediately.
After Death • The family should begin to make funeral service arrangements and a burial. • Islamic laws do not allow any routine autopsies. • unless required, embalming and cosmetology are not done. • Cremation is forbidden, in the Muslim world
Funeral Rites • Vary in form and content according to local culture and tradition (ex: women are prohibited to attend funerals in certain areas but are welcomed in others.) • Take place on the day of death or the following day • A brief prayer service (salat al-janaza), usually done in a mosque, precedes the burial.
Funeral Rites • The coffin of deceased is placed in front of the assembled mourners while his/her male relatives (imam) lead the group in prayer. • This prayer (The Janazah) focusses on the four declarations of the takbir (Allahu Akbar) which is followed by either a reading of the first chapter of the Qur’an or formal prayers. • The first takbir is followed by the Fatiha, 2nd: prayer for the Prophet, 3rd: prayer for deceased, 4th: prayer for Muslim Community
Funeral Rites • After the prayer the assembled turn to their sides and bid each other peace. • The deceased is then carried to their burial by a bier • Muslim men are encouraged to temporarily carry the bier whether they know the deceased or not. • Some believe that this procession should be done in silence. Islamic Burial Video
Burial • Muslim graves are to be aligned in the direction of Kaaba in Mecca (Qibla) • Graves are usually 4-6 feet deep • Grave markers are simple, small, and low to the ground • Spheres of Hand-packed soil are place under the deceased’s head, chin, and shoulder by the oldest son, who also lowers the body.
The Afterlife • Although some extremists argue suicide bombers are welcome in heaven, Islam forbids the killing of noncombatants and suicide. • Muslims believe that souls live on after death and a day of judgement will determine whether they go to Paradise or Hell • The souls of the deceased remain in their graves until this day of judgement and resurrection and may either suffer or feel peace until this day depending on how they will be judged.