morality l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Morality PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Morality

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

Morality - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 143 Views
  • Uploaded on

Morality. “We all think that morality is important, but we can't agree on what is moral.”*. To conservative Christians "moral values" tends to refer to sexual behavior and issues such as marriage and abortion.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Morality' - tempest


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
we all think that morality is important but we can t agree on what is moral
“We all think that morality is important, but we can't agree on what is moral.”*
  • To conservative Christians "moral values" tends to refer to sexual behavior and issues such as marriage and abortion.
  • To more liberal Christians, secular people, Jews, Muslims, that tends to oftentimes mean social justice questions -- poverty, the environment, war and peace.

*Religion & Ethics Newsweekly, Nov. 7, 2004

what makes something moral
What makes something moral?
  • Is it a moral issue only if our action affects others?
    • Murder, stealing, rape, lying

or…

  • Is it also a moral issue even if our action does not have a negative impact on others?
    • Hunting? Cheating/plagiarism? Abortion? Suicide/Euthanasia? Prostitution? Polygamy? Doing drugs?
ethics of virtue vs ethics of duty
Virtue Ethics:

Be good

Internally motivated – imposed from within (innate)

Punished from within (sense of shame, guilt)

Affects the self (even if not others)

Guided by principles

Duty Ethics:

Do good

Externally motivated – imposed by others (told what to do by society, god)

Punished by others (society, god)

Affects others (even if not the self)

Guided by rules/law

Ethics of Virtue vs. Ethics of Duty
sources of morality how do we know what is good
Sources of MoralityHow do we know what is good?

Cosmic/Natural Law

  • An impersonal, external source:
    • The “Way” (Tao) of nature
    • Dharma (Hinduism)
  • A personal, external source:
    • Natural laws, created by God as good:
      • That which is natural = good, right
      • That which interferes with nature = bad, wrong
    • Examples: homosexuality, abortion, birth control
sources of morality how do we know what is good6
Sources of MoralityHow do we know what is good?

Charismatic Leader as model

  • Jesus teaches his “great commandment” and the “Golden Rule”
  • Buddha teaches the “Five Precepts”:
    • Do not harm/kill others
    • Do not take what is not given (do not steal)
    • Do not lie
    • Do not ingest intoxicants/alcohol
    • Do not have illicit sexual relations (be chaste)
sources of morality how do we know what is good7
Sources of MoralityHow do we know what is good?

Divine Command

God says “do” and “don’t” (“thou shalt not”, “thou shalt”)

  • Is it good because God commands it (God makes the rules)

or

  • Does God command it because it is good? (God merely identifies and enforces the rules)

If God commands us to kill, does killing become the moral thing to do?

examples of divine command
Examples of Divine Command
  • Judaism: Halakhah
    • Based on 613 “commandments” in Torah
    • Interpreted by Rabbis
    • For practical application in everyday life
  • Islam: Shari’a
    • Based on God’s direction in Qur’an
    • Modeled after Muhammad’s behavior (sunna) as recorded in Hadith
    • Interpreted by Islamic jurists (ulama) according to analogy and consensus
questions to ponder
Questions to ponder:
  • Does doing good (duty) make us good?

Or: Do we do good because we are good (virtuous)?

  • Can morality be legislated?

Is it still an issue of “morality” if we are simply “obeying the law”

“duty ethics” = yes

“virtue ethics” = no

???

  • Is morality culturally relative and personally subjective?

Or: is there any absolute and universal moral law?

basic moral principles
Basic moral principles
  • “Do unto others as you would have others do unto you”
  • “Love God and love others as you love yourself”
  • “Live in such a way as to love all and be loved by all”

What basic moral principle guides your life?

Or do you live according to the rules?

explore more on the web
Explore more on the Web:
  • BBC Religion & Ethics: explores ethical issues, including positions held by various religions on various issues including: same-sex marriage, ethics of war, euthanasia, human cloning, genetic engineering, designer babies, abortion.http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/ethics/
  • Online interactive philosophy games: Is your morality based on reason or gut level response? How consistent are you in applying moral principals?

Taboo: http://www.philosophersnet.com/games/taboo.htm

Morality Play:http://www.philosophersnet.com/games/morality_play.htm