Sexual Morality STDs Teenage Sexuality Pregnancy Abortion Pornography Rape Prostitution Sexual Tourism Sexual Orientation Marriage
W.H.O. • (Worldwide 1996-2000) Couples with unmet family planning needs* • Maternal deaths# .5 Million • Unwanted Pregnancies 75 Million every year • Abortions 50 Million every year • Severe maternal morbidity# 20 million • Prenatal mortality# 7.6 Million • Unsafe abortion# 20 million • People living with AIDS* 34.3 million (1996-2000) • People newly infected with HIV* 5.4 million (1996- 2000) • Curable sexually transmitted diseases# 333 million • Female genital mutilation# 100-140 million
Sexually Transmitted Diseases STDs • Curable • Incurable
Curable • Chlamydia • Gonorrhea • Syphilis • Trichomoniasis
Chlamydia • Chlamydia is currently one of the most common STD— about 4 million cases of Chlamydia occur in the USA each year. However, about half of all men and three-quarters of all women who have Chlamydia have no symptoms and don't know that they have the disease. It is easily cured if detected in time. It is also, and possibly more importantly, the biggest preventable cause of blindness in the world.
Gonorrhea • Gonorrhea is among the most common curable STDs in the world caused by a bacteria. • Infection with gonorrhea increases the risk of becoming infected with HIV. • This is likely due to weakening of the mucosal surface secondary to the gonorrhea infection. Note, however, that this effect is by no means limited to gonorrhea and there is increased risk of HIV transmission with co-infection of most (STDs).
Syphilis • The route of transmission for syphilis is almost invariably by sexual contact. • The signs and symptoms of syphilis are myriad- before reliable blood test it was often confused with other diseases. • In the United States, about 36,000 cases of syphilis are reported each year, and the actual number is presumed to be higher. About three-fifths of the reported cases occur in men.
Trichomoniasis • Trichomoniasis, is a common STD that affects 2 to 3 million Americans yearly. It is caused by a single-celled parasite. • Trichomoniasis is primarily an infection found in the urethra in men, and the vagina in women.
Trichomoniasis continued • Trichomoniasis, like many other sexually transmitted diseases, often occurs without any symptoms. Men almost never have symptoms, while 20% of women are asymptomatic.
Incurable • Herpes • Hepatitis B • HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
Herpes • The ways in which herpes infections manifest themselves vary tremendously among individuals. The following are general descriptions of the courses outbreaks may take in the oral and genital regions.
Oral to Genital • Oral herpes can be passed from one partner to another and oral herpes can be spread to genital herpes thru oral sex.
Hepatitis B • Originally known as serum hepatitis, Hepatitis B has only been recognized as such since WWII, and has caused current epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa. • Over one-third of the world's population has been or is actively infected by hepatitis B virus (acronym HBV).
HBV • Hepatitis B is largely transmitted through exposure to bodily fluids containing the virus. This includes unprotected sexual contact, blood transfusions, re-use of contaminated needles and syringes, vertical transmission from mother to child during childbirth, and so on. • Hepatitis B infection may lead to a chronic inflammation of the liver, leading to cirrhosis.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) • HIV is transmitted through intercourse, oral sex, blood transfusion, the sharing of contaminated needles in health care settings and through drug injection, and between mother and infant during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding according to a leading international health care source UN AIDS
HIV continued • People who become infected with HIV may have no symptoms for up to 10 years, but they can still transmit the infection to others. It should be emphasized that one can not diagnose HIV based on symptoms alone. The only reliable way to know if a person has become infected is by taking an HIV test.
How Many Teens are Having Sex? • One quarter of high school freshman girls and just over half (52%) of senior girls have had sex. • Less than a third (27%) of high school freshman boys and 59% of senior boys have had sex. • Nearly 9 of 10 students enrolled in alternative high schools have had sex. • About 1 in 5 young people do not have intercourse while teenagers.
Sexual Intercourse • 45.6 percent of high school students (48.5 percent of males and 42.9 percent of females) reported having had sexual intercourse • 60.5 percent of twelfth graders, 51.9 percent of eleventh graders, 40.8 percent of tenth graders, and 34.4 percent of ninth graders reported having had sexual intercourse • 6.6 percent of students reported initiating sexual intercourse before age 13
Factors of Early Sexual Activity • Going steady with a girlfriend/boyfriend who is at least 3 years older • Males involved in teen childbearing are frequently not teenagers themselves. Adult men fathered over 50% of babies born to girls 15-17 years old. • California statistics indicate that seven in ten births among teenagers are fathered by men older than age 20
Peer Pressure • Having sexually active peers • Teens who believed that most or all of their friends had ever had sex were much more likely to have sex themselves than teens who thought none or some of their friends had ever had sex
Parent or sister had a child in teens • Having a parent or older sister who gave birth as a teen • Teen girls whose mothers gave birth to their first child in their teens have sex and give birth earlier on average than girls whose mothers were at least 20 years old when they had their first child
Being raised by one Parent • Teens who are raised by both parents from birth have lower probabilities of having sex at each age than teens who grew up in any other family situation.
How Has the Media Affected our Young Peoples’ Decisions? • In 2003, 83% of the episodes of the top twenty shows among teen viewers contained some sexual content, including 20% with sexual intercourse. • 42% of the songs on the top 10 CDs in 1999 contained sexual content; 19% included direct descriptions of sexual intercourse. • On average, music videos contain 93 sexual situations per hour, including eleven "hard core" scenes depicting behaviors such as intercourse and oral sex.
Kansas : No one under 15 can marry • After a pregnant 14-year-old from Nebraska drove to Kansas in 2005 to marry her 22-year-old boyfriend, • (now serving time for having sex with the minor) • Kansas lawmakers decided it was time to set a minimum marriage age.
Nebraska • In the case of the Nebraska girl -- a person must be at least 17 to marry in that state -- the girl's mother gave permission for the couple to get married in Kansas last spring after learning that her daughter was pregnant. The couple's daughter was born a few months later, in August. • The groom, Matthew Koso, was charged with sexual assault and sentenced in February to 18 months to 30 months in prison for impregnating the girl.
NO Marriage under 15 • On May 4, 2006, the Kansas House vote 119-0 to approve a bill that would prohibit anyone under the age of 15 from marrying in Kansas and would set strict limits for would-be brides or grooms under the age of 18.
15, 16, 17 • Under the legislation, a 15-year-old could marry only if a district court judge decided it was in that person's best interest. • Those who are 16 or 17 could marry if they met one of three conditions: permission from a parent or legal guardian and judicial consent; permission from both parents and any legal guardian; or permission from judge if the parents are dead and there is no legal guardian.
In Georgia • In April of 2006, Georgia Gov. Sonny Perdue set 16 as that state's minimum marriage age after a 37-year-old woman married a 15-year-old boy, a friend of her teenage son. Lisa Lynnette Clark pleaded guilty in March to statutory rape and was sentenced to nine months in prison.
Teacher Accused Of Oral Sex On Her 9-Year-Old Student • 10/13/2005 • SYLVESTER, Ga. -- A third-grade teacher accused of performing oral sex on a 9-year-old boy, allowing students to peek down her blouse and slashing her wrists with glass in front of her students pleaded not guilty to the 24 criminal charges she faces.
Life + 100 • Georgianne Harrell, 24, was indicted last month on 24 charges of child molestation and reckless conduct. • Between August 2004 and May, authorities claim she abused a total of 7 students. She has resigned from the school. • If convicted on all charges, she could receive maximum sentences ranging up to several hundred years, prosecutors said.
Delaware teacher raped student 28 times! • An elementary school teacher accused of having sex with a 13-year-old student has been arrested and charged with multiple counts of rape, authorities said.
Biology lessons? • The teacher allegedly had sex with the boy 28 times during the last week of March, and on at least one occasion allowed the boy's 12-year-old friend to watch, authorities said. She also gave the students alcohol, according to New Castle County Police. • Rachel Holt, 34, a science teacher at Claymont Elementary School, was arrested early Tuesday and charged with rape, providing alcohol to a minor and unlawfully dealing with a child, authorities said.
Teacher's Arrest Raises Questions About Law • Former Miss Texas Contestant Allegedly Had Sex With 18-Year-Old Student • DALLAS (June 11 2006) - The arrest of a high school teacher for allegedly having sex with an 18-year-old student has raised questions about the age constraints of the state's three-year-old law criminalizing student-teacher sexual relationships. • Amy McElhenney, 25, was arrested May 25 and charged with having an improper relationship with a student. The Spanish teacher and former Miss Texas contestant faces up to 20 years in prison.
Consenting adults? • But some lawmakers say the Hebron High School student's status as a legal adult should exempt McElhenney from the felony charge. • State Rep. Helen Giddings, D-Dallas, wrote the Texas law in 2003 that criminalizes sex between educators and students. But she said she wanted the law to apply only to students 17 and younger - uncomfortable with making sex between two legal, consenting adults a felony. • "I feel differently about 17-year-olds than I do about 18-year-olds," Giddings said. "I don't necessarily believe the penalty for the two should necessarily be the same."
No teacher student sex in Texas • But other legislators added amendments to Giddings' bill when it reached the floor of the House, making it illegal for educators to have sexual relationships with students of any age. Rep. Warren Chisum, R-Pampa, proposed dropping the age limit, arguing that teachers wield a power over students that diminishes the pupils' ability to consent. • "If they're a student, I just think they're off bounds regardless of their age," Chisum said. "I felt like if we didn't do that, we just virtually made it open season on students that are 18 years old."
3 trimesters, 40 weeks • 1st Trimester 1-12 weeks • 2nd Trimester 13-28 weeks • 3rd Trimester 29-40 weeks
1st Trimester 1-12 weeks • Heart Beat 6-8 weeks • Brain wave Activity by 10 weeks • Implantation by 12 weeks
Implantation • This is when the amniotic sack connect to the uterus by means of the umbilical cord.
2nd Trimester • Fetal Movement • Viability
Viability • Point at which a baby can survive out side of mother’s womb. About 24 weeks. • This Baby was born at 25 weeks in 1994.
Abortion Law 20th Century By 1900 all states had laws regarding abortion after four months of pregnancy. By 1965 ALL states ban abortion.
Roe vs. Wade • All abortions are legal in 1st trimester. • Abortions could only be prohibited in 2nd trimester to save woman’s life. • Abortions could be limited in 3rd trimester.
Since 1973 • Since 1973 there have averaged just under 1Million abortions per year. • 50% of all abortions are performed on women that previously had an abortion. • About 60% of all abortions are performed by 20 weeks.
According to the WHO • 75 million unwanted pregnancies annually. • Approximately 50 million abortions • 20 million unsafe abortions. • http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/RHR_00_13_RH_conflict_and_displacement/RH_conflict_chapter2.en.html