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Challenge of Bam Earthquake – Role of the UN System in Recovery and Reconstruction. Kamal Kishore, RDRA, UNDP/BCPR Public Forum on Recovery from Catastrophic Disasters 24 August 2004 UN House, Tokyo. Outline Earthquake Risk in Iran The Bam Earthquake UN’s role in Response & Recovery

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Challenge of Bam Earthquake –

Role of the UN System in Recovery and Reconstruction

Kamal Kishore, RDRA, UNDP/BCPR

Public Forum on Recovery from Catastrophic Disasters

24 August 2004

UN House, Tokyo

slide2
Outline

Earthquake Risk in Iran

The Bam Earthquake

UN’s role in Response & Recovery

Challenges in Long term Recovery

Lessons & Road Map for Safer Communities

earthquake risk in iran
High level of disaster risk Earthquake Risk in Iran

Source: Reducing Disaster Risk: A Challenge for Development, UNDP, 2003.

the bam earthquake
Quick facts:The Bam Earthquake
  • 26 December 2003
  • 6.5 on the Richter Scale
  • Damage:
  • 30,000 dead,
  • 75,000 homeless.
  • - 85% of buildings severely damaged or destroyed.
  • - 2,500 year-old historic citadel of Bam (Arg-e-Bam), an internationally known heritage site, almost completely destroyed.
the bam earthquake5
The Bam Earthquake

Damaged Arg-e-Bam

60% of deaths from natural disasters worldwide in 2003 were in Bam (OFDA/ CRED International Disaster Database)

un s role in response recovery
Supported short-term relief to address urgent needs and lay foundations for long- term recovery UN’s role in Response & Recovery

Provided rescue and relief support to government

Conducted Rapid Needs Assessment (UNDAC)

un s role in response recovery7
UN’s role in Response & Recovery

Launched a Flash Appeal to meet the urgent and immediate needs for the first six months after the earthquake

un s role in response recovery8
From Emergency Humanitarian Assistance to Reconstruction and Risk Management

U N Strategy for Support to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran following the Bam Earthquake: Short, medium and long term

Lessons Learned from large-scale reconstruction programmes in Japan, India and Turkey International workshop (Tehran 25-26 February 2004).

UN’s role in Response & Recovery
challenges in long term recovery
Setting up appropriate institutional arrangements for the management of large scale reconstruction programmes

Using recovery programme as an opportunity to enhance standards of earthquake safety in not only Bam but other vulnerable areas of Iran

The issue of site selection – where to rebuild Bam? In the same location or on another site?

Introducing building technologies that are not only earthquake resistant but also cost-effective, locally appropriate, employment generating and sustainable

Challenges in long-term Recovery
challenges in long term recovery10
Ensuring that the local initiative and the resources and capacities of the affected people are fully utilized

Using reconstruction as a means of revitalizing the local economy by focusing on both the pre-existing micro-enterprises and creating new livelihood options

Capturing and institutionalising the lessons learned from Bam

Developing synergies between reconstruction activities in different sectors such as health, infrastructure, public services and shelter

Challenges in Long term Recovery
lessons road map for safer communities
Translating policies into practice at the local level

Strengthening capacities on all aspects of disaster risk management at the local and intermediate levels

Building a knowledge base on existing and emerging patterns of disaster risk (good information on natural hazards alone is not enough)

Build capacities to mainstream disaster risk reduction into development processes.

Lessons & Road Map for Safer Communities
slide12

Link disaster management at local, provincial and national levels.

  • Use Bam experiences and lessons to reduce risk in other vulnerable parts of Iran and the region.