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  1. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks Part 1 Changes to Controlled Assessment The new ‘strengthened’ Specification First Award 2014 WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  2. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks There are significant changes to Controlled Assessment ahead This PPT provides you with a summary of the main changes. This summary needs to be read in conjunction with the detailed information in the new spec (see pages 29 – 37) WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  3. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks • For the award in 2014 the number of tasks will be reduced to one (from two) • The single task is based on the Fieldwork Enquiry from the current Specification • The ‘Issue’ task will no longer be required. The 2013 award will be the last • time that this will form part of the assessment package • The new Fieldwork Enquiry will be worth 25% of the total • assessment package • It will be marked out of 50 WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  4. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks There is a subtle change to the weighting of Assessment Objectives Current Spec – last award in 2013 AO1 K & U: 6% (E) + 3% (I) = 9% AO2 App: 3% (E) + 3% (I) = 6% AO3 Skills: 6% (E) + 4% (I) = 10% = 25% Strengthened Spec – first award in 2014 AO1 K & U: (Enquiry) = 6% AO2 App: (Enquiry) = 7% AO3 Skills: (Enquiry) = 12% = 25% This is obviously reflected in the marks allocated to each AO ...... WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  5. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks The single task, the Fieldwork Enquiry for the 2014 award, will be marked as follows: AO1 – Knowledge and Understanding: 12 marks AO2 – Application: 14 marks AO3 – Skills: 24 marks Total 50 marks Each AO has 4 Levels of response, with specific strands identified to facilitate marking, as in the example below ............................ In developing their task(s), centres will need to be fully conversant with the assessment criteria – further information will be provided in Part 2 of this presentation WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  6. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks Centres will develop and contextualise their task from one (or more) of the generic titles available in the Specification The generic titles will change for each award The titles for the 2014 award are in the published Specification The titles for the 2015 award will be published on the WJEC website in May 2013. A similar pattern will be adopted thereafter No alternative generic titles can be used by centres as the basis for their contextualised tasks for each awarding year The WJEC has developed a new, streamlined process, by which centres submit their contextualised title(s). WJEC need to be informed of the contextualised title(s) 10 weeks ahead of the work being undertaken. Full details, along with the submission document, will shortly be posted on the WJEC website . Contact Andrew Williams at WJEC for further information.

  7. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  8. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks Centres will need to be conversant with the JCQ regulations for conducting controlled assessment through each phase....... Task setting Task taking Task marking WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  9. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks The sequence for the Enquiry ....... • When you study the sequence, your attention is drawn to: • the preparation period ahead of the fieldtrip • the changed timings for each phase (compared • to the current spec) • the greater emphasis on evaluation WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  10. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks • part 2 of this session focuses on widening data • collection activities for the fieldwork Enquiry. • the emphasis will be on creating opportunities for independence when • candidates collect field evidence to support their investigation • this will reflect the revised assessment criteria found in the new • ‘strengthened’ Specification • the short presentation and the subsequent workshop may • also be of interest to those centres who have yet to develop • their final Enquiry (for the 2013 award) If there are any questions relating to controlled assessment for the new, ‘strengthened’ Specification, please ask them at the Q & A session at the end of the meeting WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  11. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks Part 2 Widening techniques used to collect primary evidence Encouraging candidate Independence A presentation and workshop WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  12. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks Assessment criteria for AO2 – Skills (level 4) – current spec “Candidates are able to utilise a wide range of entirely appropriate techniques to: collect, record, select, process, refine and present primary and secondary data.” .... in the strengthened Spec for 2014 ....... WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  13. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks

  14. Investigate factors that determine the location of secondary industry There are clear advantages for locating a new canning factory on the Hardwick Industrial Park compared to the North Lynn Industrial Estate The centre intends to use a range of primary data collection techniques to underpin the investigation. A visit to each site will include the completion of a bi-polar survey sheet The site is not close to any to a dual carriageway or main trunk route The site is adjacent to a dual carriageway and a main trunk route The centre recognises the value of bi-polar surveys as they allow all candidates to collate, refine and represent the statistical data gained in a wide variety of ways, ahead of analysis. WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  15. There are clear advantages for locating a new canning factory on the Hardwick Industrial Park compared to the North Lynn Industrial Estate The site is adjacent to a dual carriageway and a main trunk route The site is not close to any to a dual carriageway or main trunk route All candidates are issued with a sheet which includes 8 different opposing statements, all of which relate to different aspects of industrial location, e.g......... The site will need extensive landscaping before construction can begin The site is already prepared for construction to begin immediately New assessment criteria.... Why not build in opportunities to facilitate candidate independence? • Candidates are given 2 headed boxes, but they have to develop their own bi-polar • statements, e.g. ..... on Potential Noise Disturbance for nearby residents / on • potential links with support companies on adjacent land • More able candidates are given the opportunity to devise two more headed boxes and • the associated bi-polar statements on locational factors not included in the 8 pre- • determined boxes WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  16. Investigate factors needed to manage an area of eroding coastline Is managed retreat the only worthwhile coastal management strategy for Happisburgh? The centre intends to use a range of primary data collection techniques to underpin the investigation. Evidence will include drawing field sketches and taking photo evidence. All students are given some support through a starter sketch WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  17. Is managed retreat the only worthwhile coastal management strategy for Happisburgh? Characteristics when wet: _______________________________________________________________ Characteristics when wet: ______________________________________________________________ Marine action: ___________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________

  18. Is managed retreat the only worthwhile coastal management strategy for Happisburgh? Micro field sketches can be attempted by most students This slows the rate of erosion by: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Gabions here Now select two more sea defence systems used by the authorities within our study area. Draw micro field sketches and annotate them to show how they might slow the rate of erosion. Add the location of these systems onto the map supplied WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  19. Is managed retreat the only worthwhile coastal management strategy for Happisburgh? Selecting and annotating digital pictures is a further opportunity for independence ........ The lifeboat and coastguard station have already been abandoned: ___________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Some houses are already so vulnerable: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ It is the processes within the cliff that are most problematic: ______________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ An annotated photo at Happisburgh to highlight why coastal management is so complex. Add your annotations to the 3 selected text boxes ............. Add a 4th observation of your own.

  20. Is managed retreat the only worthwhile coastal management strategy for Happisburgh? Selecting and annotating digital pictures is a further opportunity for independence ........ The lifeboat and coastguard station have already been abandoned: ___________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________ _________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ An annotated photo at Happisburgh highlighting why coastal management is so complex. One has been started for you. Identify two other features of your own.

  21. Is managed retreat the only worthwhile coastal management strategy for Happisburgh? Greater independence when taking digital pictures – the impact of rapid erosion on Happisburgh The students are asked to select three locations in and around Happisburgh. Each location should reflect the impact that rapid erosion has had on the village. A social, economic and an environmental impact is required. The location should be shown on a base map. Students are asked to record the rationale behind their choice I took this picture of the demolished coastguard station as I think it shows a social impact. Losing the station means .......

  22. Investigate the distribution of retail services Why are out of town retail parks increasingly popular at the expense of the CBD in Ipswich? Fieldwork is often enhanced through the use of questionnaires. Is there room to encourage independence in the data collected? The most effective questionnaires ask a limited range of ‘closed’ questions. The data collected needs to be........ • Tightly focussed on the specific task • The data collected needs to lend itself to • graphical representation • Base data is ideally collated to offer more • statistical rigour and options for analysis Beyond this, tasks should be devised to encourage additionality and independence in questionnaire construction WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  23. Investigate the distribution of retail services Why are out of town retail parks increasingly popular at the expense of the CBD in Ipswich? A GCSE class of 25 students conducted a questionnaire to contribute to the Enquiry above All candidates collected the same base data, using closed question techniques The date was collated in the research phase, so students had their own responses and the average for the whole class.... for individual refinement and analysis An extract from the shopper survey ........... WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  24. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks In addition to the base data, candidates might be encouraged to enhance the questionnaire by introducing new ideas of their own. Without your assistance, they might decide to................... • target / categorise specific groups of shoppers (by age / gender) • widen the range of factors • explore the views of retailers, not just the customers • ..... for example

  25. Investigate the impact of tertiary activity on people and the environment An investigation into the problems caused by Ashton Gate, the home of Bristol City. Is locating to the greenfield site of Ashton Vale the answer? • The task requires the collection of a range of data on match days and non-match days: • Environmental impacts • Noise pollution • Light pollution • Congestion surveys • Pedestrian flows etc All students must articulate their own perspective of the existing site (the impact on people and the environment) ........... WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  26. Investigate the impact of tertiary activity on people and the environment An investigation into the problems caused by Ashton Gate, the home of Bristol City. Is the Ashton Vale development the answer? .... but they are also asked to suggest how different groups of people may feel about the issue On the fieldtrip the students must select two stakeholders from the short list available For each stakeholder chosen they must record their ideas on how these people feel about the impact of the ground / the possible closure of the ground I feel...... ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Elderly local residents The owner of the newsagents The local councillor A steward working at the ground To add some individuality, students are encouraged to nominate a third stakeholder viewpoint (not from the list). The rationale for selecting this stakeholder needs to be explained along with the view suggested

  27. Investigate the distribution of retail services Why are out of town retail parks increasingly popular at the expense of the CBD in Ipswich? When developing the guidance material to support the task, every opportunity should be taken to encourage some independence in data collection, additional secondary research and techniques to represent the information. • As previously explored, for questionnaires this may mean that you ask students to consider: • widening the questions asked • approaching defined respondents • using a different ‘closed’ technique • but more than this...... Not only will this facilitate individuality in data collection, but it will also encourage students to explore (perhaps) a wider range of graphical / statistical and cartographic techniques WJEC Geography GCSE Spec B – CPD event – Autumn 2012

  28. Guidance sheets can be supportive in explaining the need to use a range of basic graphical techniques. To access the higher levels of the mark scheme, guidance sheets need to overtly prompt independent thinking in terms of the range of techniques employed to represent the data, ahead of analysis. Level 2: Uses a limited range of techniques to process and present graphical information Level 3: Independently selects and uses a range of techniques to process and present graphical / cartographic information Level 4: Independently selects and uses a range of techniques to process and present graphical / cartographic and statistical information

  29. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks

  30. Planning for Controlled Assessment tasks - Workshop In small groups explore these two issues in relation to controlled tasks for 2014+ What are the greatest challenges for your department in developing an Enquiry task for the strengthened spec? What strategies can be employed to encourage independence in the range of techniques employed from data collection to analysis?

  31. This PPT presentation will be available for download from the secure area of the WJEC website