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  1. trabeated construction • limited span due to stones poor tensile strength • requires a considerable amount of vertical structure

  2. arch is the basic module for Roman arcuated construction

  3. Pantheon, Rome, Hadrian, 100-125 CE

  4. coffered ceiling oculus What building?

  5. Pantheon, Rome, Hadrian, 100-125 CEaedicule, column, pilaster

  6. Baths of Caracalla,Rome, Hadrian, 100-125 CE

  7. Baths of Caracalla,Rome, Hadrian, 100-125 CE

  8. Sequence of Spaces?

  9. Sequence of Spaces Calidarium (Hot) Tepidarium (Warm) Gymnasium Frigidarium (Cold) Massage Natatio (Pool) Dressing Rooms

  10. Basilica Ulpia large roofed hall erected for transacting business and disposing of legal matters Rome, Trajan, 100-125 CE

  11. Nero’s Golden House, Domus Aurea, Tivoli, 64-80 CE

  12. Hadrian’s Villa Tivoli, 118-133 CE

  13. canopus (pool) Hadrian’s Villa Tivoli, 118-133 CE

  14. Serapeum (grotto) Hadrian’s Villa Tivoli, 118-133 CE

  15. cryptoporticus Hadrian’s Villa covered corridor or passageway Tivoli, 118-133 CE

  16. Hadrian’s Villa, Island Villa, Tivoli, 118-133 CE

  17. Pompeii discovered in 1738

  18. Pompeian store fronts

  19. House (Domus) Plan, Pompeii, before 79 AD

  20. atrium • large airy room • lighted by an opening in the roof • the formal room where guests were received and clients assembled to wait for their customary morning visits to their patron • also a room for family occasions

  21. vestibulum or fauces (throat)

  22. tablinum • open on two sides • family records were stored • elite families would display the imagines—busts of famous ancestors • master of the house, the paterfamilias, would greet his many clients on their morning visits

  23. cubiculum • on the upper story • in the interior of the house • often functioned as bedrooms • small rooms off the atrium used for private meetings, libraries, etc.

  24. frescoes, Pompeii, before 79 CE • illusions of depth • illusions of nature • fanciful architecture & attenuated columns

  25. triadic color scheme—red, yellow & blue

  26. cathedra, 100-300 CE

  27. cathedra, 100-300 CE