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  1. The American Civil War 1861-1865 Jeffrey Johnson

  2. The American Civil War • Timeline of Secession • Battles of 1861 • Battles of 1862 • Battles of 1863 • Battles of 1864 • Battle of 1865 • People • Sources

  3. Timeline of Secession • November 6, 1860: Lincoln is elected President of the United States of America. • November 14, 1860: Alexander Stephens gives a speech in the Georgia legislature on secession. • November 30, 1860: Mississippi legislature passes resolution in favor of secession.

  4. Timeline of Secession • December 20, 1860: South Carolina convention passes ordinance of secession. • January 3, 1861: Georgia seizes Fort Pulaski. • January 4, 1861: Alabama seizes U.S. arsenal at Mount Vernon. • January 5, 1861: Alabama seizes Fort Morgan and Gaines.

  5. Timeline of Secession • January 6, 1861: Florida seizes Apalachichola arsenal. • January 7, 1861: Florida seizes Fort Marion. • January 8, 1861: Floridians try to seize Fort Barrancas but are chased off. • January 9, 1861: Mississippi secedes.

  6. Timeline of Secession • January 9, 1861: Star of the West fired on in Charleston Harbor. • January 10, 1861: Florida secedes. • January 10, 1861: Louisiana seizes U.S. arsenal at Baton Rouge, as well as Forts Jackson and St. Philip. • January 11, 1861: Alabama secedes.

  7. Timeline of Secession • January 11, 1861: Louisiana seizes U.S. Marine Hospital. • January 14, 1861: Louisiana seizes Fort Pike. • January 19, 1861: Georgia secedes. • January 26, 1861: Louisiana secedes. • February 1, 1861: Louisiana secedes.

  8. Timeline of Secession • February 8, 1861: Provisional Constitution of the Confederacy adopted in Montgomery, AL. • February 8, 1861: Arkansas seizes U.S. Arsenal at Little Rock. • February 12, 1861: Arkansas seizes U.S. ordnance stores at Napoleon.

  9. Timeline of Secession • February 18, 1861: Jefferson Davis inaugurated as President of the Confederacy. • March 4, 1861: Abraham Lincoln inaugurated as 16th President of the United States. • April 12, 1861: Fort Sumter fired upon by Confederates.

  10. Timeline of Secession

  11. Battles of 1861 • The First Battle of Fort Sumter • South Carolina • The First Battle of Bull Run • Virginia The side that wins gets to name the Battle. For map of sites of battles in Eastern Theater

  12. The First Battle of Fort Sumter • Took place April 12-14, 1861. • American Commander was Major Robert Anderson. • Confederate Commander was Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard. A picture of Fort Sumter.

  13. The First Battle of Fort Sumter • Size of American force was 80. • Size of Confederate Force was about 500. • Start of the Civil War • Confederate victory Map of Fort Sumter and vicinity.

  14. The First Battle of Fort Sumter Beauregard

  15. The First Battle of Bull Run • Took place July 21, 1861. • American Commander was Brigadier General Irvin McDowell. • Confederate Commanders were Brigadier General Joseph E. Johnson and P.G.T. Beauregard. Johnson

  16. The First Battle of Bull Run • The size of the American force was 28,450. • The size of the Confederate force was 32,230. • The American losses were 2,950. McDowell

  17. The First Battle of Bull Run • The Confederate losses were 1,750. • Confederate General Bee and Colonel Bartow were killed. • Thomas J. Jackson earned the name “Stonewall” at this battle. “Stonewall” Jackson

  18. The First Battle of Bull Run • Confederate victory. • Also known as the First Battle of Manassas. • Battle are named after cites by Americans and bodies of water by Confederate. • The side that won the battle get to name the battle. Beauregard

  19. The First Battle of Bull Run Battle at Bull Run

  20. Battles of 1862 • The Second Battle of Bull Run • Virginia • The Battle of Antietam • Maryland

  21. The Second Battle of Bull Run • Also Known as Second Battle of Manassas, Manassas Plains, Groveton, Gainsville, and Brawner’s Farm. • Took place August 28-30, 1862. Action at Bull Run

  22. The Second Battle of Bull Run • American Commander was Major General John Pope. • Confederate Commanders were General Robert E. Lee and Major General Thomas J. Jackson. Pope

  23. The Second Battle of Bull Run • Size of American force was 75,000. • Size of Confederate Force was about 55,000. • The American losses were 13,830. • The Confederate losses were 8,350. • Confederate Victory Lee

  24. The Second Battle of Bull Run Lee “Stonewall” Jackson

  25. The Battle of Antietam • Also known as Battle of Sharpsburg. • Took place on September 16-18, 1862. • American Commander was Major General George B. McClellan. Fighting at Antietam

  26. The Battle of Antietam • Confederate Commander was Robert E. Lee. • 23,100 men killed. • Inconclusive or Union strategic victory. Map of Battle

  27. The Battle of Antietam McClellan Lee

  28. Battles of 1863 • The Battle of Chancellorsville • Virginia • The Battle of Gettysburg • Pennsylvania • The Battle of Vicksburg • Mississippi

  29. Battles of 1863 • The Battle of Chickamauga • Georgia • The Battle of Chattanooga • Tennessee

  30. The Battle of Chancellorsville • Took place April 30-May 6, 1863. • American Commander was Major General Joseph Hooker. • Confederate Commanders were General Robert E. Lee and Major General Thomas J. Jackson. Lee Jackson

  31. The Battle of Chancellorsville • Size of American force was 97,382. • Size of Confederate Force was about 57,352. • The American losses were 14,000. • The Confederate losses were 10,000. Hooker

  32. The Battle of Chancellorsville • Major General Thomas J. Jackson is killed. • Union generals Berry and Whipple and Confederate general Paxton were killed. • Confederate victory. Cannons

  33. The Battle of Gettysburg • Took place July 1-3, 1863. • American commander was Major General George G. Meade. • Confederate Commander was General Robert E. Lee.

  34. The Battle of Gettysburg • Size of American force was 83,289. • Size of Confederate Force was about 75,054. • The American losses were 23,000. • The Confederate losses were 28,000. Lee

  35. The Battle of Gettysburg • Union victory. Lee

  36. The Battle of Vicksburg • Took place on May 18-July 4, 1863. • American Commander was Major General Ulysses S. Grant. • Confederate Commander was Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton. Pemberton

  37. The Battle of Vicksburg • Union forces were called the Army of the Tennessee. • Confederate forces called the Army of Vicksburg. • The American losses were 10,142. • The Confederate losses were 9,091. Grant

  38. The Battle of Vicksburg • Confederacy split in half. • Union victory

  39. The Battle of Chickamauga • Took place September 18-20, 1863. • American Commanders were Major General William S. Rosecrans and George H. Thomas. Rosecrans

  40. The Battle of Chickamauga • Confederate Commanders were General Braxton Bragg and Lieutenant General James Longstreet. • Union forces were called the Army of the Cumberland. Thomas

  41. The Battle of Chickamauga • Confederate forces called the Army of Tennessee. • The American losses were 16,170. • The Confederate losses were 18,454. • Confederate victory. Bragg

  42. The Battle of Chickamauga Longstreet

  43. The Battle of Chattanooga • Took place November 23-25, 1863. • American Commander Major General Ulysses S. Grant. • Confederate Commander General Braxton Bragg. Grant

  44. The Battle of Chattanooga • Union forces were called the Military Division of the Mississippi. • Confederate forces called the Army of Tennessee. Bragg

  45. The Battle of Chattanooga • The American losses were 5,815. • The Confederate losses were 6,670. • Union victory.

  46. Battles of 1864 • The Battle of the Wilderness • Virginia • The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House • Virginia • The Battle of Cold Harbor • Virginia

  47. Battles of 1864 • The Battle of Petersburg • Virginia • The Battle of Nashville • Tennessee

  48. The Battle of the Wilderness • Also known as Combats at Parker’s Stone, Craig’s Meeting House, Todd’s Tavern, Brock Road, the Furnaces. • Took place on May 5-7, 1864. Grant

  49. The Battle of the Wilderness • American Commanders were Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant and Major General George G. Meade. • Confederate Commander was General Robert E. Lee.

  50. The Battle of the Wilderness • Size of American force was 101,895. • Size of Confederate Force was about 61,025. • The American losses were 18,400. • The Confederate losses were 11,400. Lee