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THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR. 1861-1865. This Powerpoint is hosted on Please visit for 100’s more free powerpoints. Warm- UP 1. Complete “ A Tree with three Branches” exercise. 2. Complete “You get your Bill Passed” exercise. SWBAT:.

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the american civil war


This Powerpoint is hosted on

Please visit for 100’s more free powerpoints

warm up 1 complete a tree with three branches exercise 2 complete you get your bill passed exercise
Warm- UP 1. Complete “ A Tree with three Branches” exercise. 2. Complete “You get your Bill Passed” exercise.
  • Identify and examine the functions of the Executive, Judicial and Legislative branches of the U.S. government which are defined in the U.S. Constitution.
  • Complete a Civil War assessment in an effort to determine what was learned.
  • Identify key peoples and events while determining some key factors that caused the American Civil War.
warm up second lesson
Warm-up (Second Lesson)

Complete SkillBuilder: Interpreting Graphs

“Northern and Southern Resources”, questions 1 and 2, page 339.

warm up review
Warm-up review

Q: Which side, north of south, had the advantage in terms of industrial production?

A: North, graphs (Blue = North) advantage in every category (Military/Population)

Q: What do the overall data suggest about the eventual outcome?

A: North may win an easy victory. (Not true)

  • Identify nationalism as a key cause of war
  • Analyze the weakness of the articles of confederation.
  • Examine slavery and societal differences as a cause of war.
cause 1 representation n p o
Cause #1 (Representation) n.p.o.

South (Anti- Federalists)

North (Federalists)

A. Held a population advantage (22 million)

B. Held an advantage in proposing and passing laws.

C. More representation in the House of Representatives.

D. Supported U.S. Constitution

  • A. Less people/less representation (10 million)
  • B. Difficult to pass legislation on tariffs & taxes because of limited representation in government
  • C. Supported Articles of Confederation
cause 2 nationalism n p o
Cause #2 (Nationalism) N.P.O

Southern Nationalism -

Northern Nationalism

Extreme devotion to the interest and culture of one’s nation.

North- U.S. Constitution

Industrialized Society


  • Extreme devotion to the interest and culture of one’s nation
  • South- Articles of confederation
  • Agricultural Society
  • Pro-slavery
articles quiz
Articles Quiz
  • List 5 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
  • Draw logic from your studies of articles 1,2,& 3 of the U.S. Constitution to compare/contrast strengths and weaknesses. Use this logic to answer the question above.
weakness of the articles
Weakness of the Articles


Balance of power?

Articles could be amended only if all states approved

No executive branch

No national court system for legal disputes

13 national states that lacked national unity.

  • Congress could not enact and collect taxes
  • Congress could not regulate interstate or foreign trade
  • Regardless of population, each state had one vote in congress
  • 9 of 13 states needed to agree to pass any law
background to war
Background to War

Causes for War Quiz

  • List the dividing points between the north & south. (You may bullet)
  • Who invented the Cotton Gin
  • Of all the causes discussed: representation, nationalism, economic exploitation and slavery; which do you find was the greatest cause? Why?

causes part one


Warm –Up

Read “How the President is elected” packet.

Do not answer the questions until after the video.


Identify and examine the US Electoral college.

Analyze how this process lead to secession

Debate causes of civil war

Discuss election of Lincoln





warm up 9 21 12
Warm- Up (9/21/12)
  • Complete Geography Skill Builder “The Underground Railroad”, questions 1-3, page 313.
  • Take Alma Mater test


Determine the most important cause for the start of the civil war by participating in a in-class debate.


Electoral College WRK Sheetq1. attempt to balance power between large & small statesq2. electors caste votes for the president based on the popular vote; nj state officials choose members of the electoral collegeq3. based from the popular vote of the people, decide the American president. Yes, but has only happened twiceq4. 538, based from state districts, nj 14, population based plus senators q5. 270 needed for victory, it will be decided by the house. Yes Thomas Jefferson (1801) , John Quincy Adams, (1825)q6. Twice, Compromise of 1876 (Hayes/Tilden) & Gore/Bush 2000q7. balance of power, equal representation, responsible electionsq8. smaller states have less voting power, larger populated states have more political authority.

electoral college
Electoral College
  • electoral college
  • Causes Part 2
  • Answer the pbs worksheet after the video. Work in groups of four when completing the packet. Classwork grade.
cause 3
Election of Lincoln

Southern States felt they were bullied by the North when he was elected

(expansionism)-A nation's practice or policy of territorial or economic expansion.

  • Frederick Douglas was the editor of an abolitionist newspaper.
harriet tubman
Harriet Tubman
  • Helped slaves escape via the Underground Railroad.
john brown
John Brown
  • He and his sons brutally murdered 5 slave masters in Kansas. (1858)
  • Tried to incite a slave revolt


1811 - 1896

So this is the lady who started the Civil War. -- Abraham Lincoln


Uncle Tom’s Cabin


  • Sold 300,000 copies in the first year.
  • 2 million in a decade!

Cause 5: Sectionalism- (local) Sectionalismexcessive ddexcessive kdkdExcessive devotion to local interests and customs. oExcessive devotion to local interests and customs.

  • Excessive regard for sectional or local interests, regional or local spirit; prejudice
  • Southerners banned together
  • Northerners banned together
  • Moved into sections based upon beliefs
6 th cause economy
6th Cause Economy
  • Sothern economy
  • $122 million after production
  • Northern economy
  • $155 Billion after production
civil war 1861 1865
Civil War (1861-1865)



Review rubric

In your group, create and opening, supporting and closing paragraph.

Concept: Debate why your cause was the most significant cause of the American Civil War. (Use your notes as a resource)

  • Representation
  • Nationalism
  • Election of Lincoln
  • Slavery
  • Sectionalism
  • Economic explotation
in class debate
In- Class Debate



Reading from paper, remember “reference don’t read” 

Slow Down- emphasize your point

Elaborate, use data and stats to support your position

debate tips


  • Meet in your groups for 10 minutes to organize your opening statements
  • Review debate rubric
  • Be sure to review Debating: Tips, Tricks and Advice
  • Review define topic & Show team split (especially)
presidential election
Presidential Election

Warm –up / SWBAT:


Rasmussen Report






Federal vs. state

Health Care/Obama Care

  • Read the article about the first of three presidential debates. Divide policies on a piece of loose leaf
  • Choose a political side based from data learned from the article & video.
  • Debate as a supporter of President Obama or Mitt Romney (last 30 of class)
civil war begins
Civil War Begins



Analyze the Gettysburg address and determine its relation to the theme of war.

Examine the first shots fired in the Civil war; what would become Lincoln’s dilemma?

View Glory in an effort to visualize the Civil War

  • Read and answer questions from Abraham Lincoln’s famous Gettysburg Address
  • 15 minutes
the gettysburg address
The Gettysburg Address
  • November 19th, 1863
  • Q1: 1776, Declaration of Independence, “All men are created Equal”
  • Q2: A nation can long endure a bloddy Civil War
  • Q3: Men Shall not die in vain rather a birth of a new nation; for the people by the people
  • Q4: World will little note; nor remember
fort sumter april 12 th 1861
Fort Sumter April 12th, 1861
  • Prior to the fall of Fort Sumter; confederate soldiers were taking over courthouses, post offices and forts.
  • Confederates demanded Fort Sumter; a union fort in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • Lincoln decides not to use navy to put down rebellion; put the ball in Jefferson Davis’ court!
fort sumter april 12 th 18611
Fort Sumter April 12th, 1861
  • 4am, April 12th, Jefferson Davis orders the attack on the Union Fort.
  • Jefferson Davis looks like the aggressor of war; Lincoln avoids aggression toward the south and keeps peace with Northern Republicans
  • Confederates fire 4,000 rounds before Union Major Robert Anderson surrendered.
advantages of the union north
Advantages of the Union (north)?
  • Union had double the population
  • Double the railroads
  • 5 times as many factories
confederate rebel advantages south
Confederate (Rebel) advantages (South)
  • Confederates had the best generals
  • Defending is always easier than attacking
  • Farmers fight better than factory workers
first major battle bull run
First Major Battle- (Bull Run)
  • July 21st, 1861; 3 months after Fort Sumter fell to the Confederacy.
  • Location, Virginia; 25 miles from confederate capital of Richmond.
  • Union General, Irvin McDowell
  • Confederate General, Thomas J. Jackson (Stonewall Jackson)
  • Seesaw affair that lead to a Confederate Victory (C= 2K) (U= 3K)
quiz 1 battle of antietam
Quiz #1 / Battle of Antietam

Warm –up


Complete quiz recalling important information while analyzing key battles

Analyze key issues, events, and personalities of the Civil War period

Discuss how common and shared America Civic culture is based on commitment to central ideas in founding-era documents

  • Warm –up: Look over section 1, chapter 11 or review notes.
  • Take Quiz
glory the battle of antietam
Glory & the Battle of Antietam
  • Glory
  • Battle of Antietam- Sharpsburg, Maryland, September 17th, 1862
  • Antietam- bloodiest day in Civil War History
  • 26,000 casualties
  • Victory for the Union; Confederacy retreated back to Virginia
  • Impact- tide begins to swing
union confederate strategies
Union & Confederate Strategies
  • Warm –up
  • Students should complete Geography Skillbuilder, questions 1 & 2, page 340 of the text


  • Analyze the strategies of both the Union & confederate army.
  • Analyze key issues, events, and personalities of the Civil War period
union confederate strategies1
Union & Confederate Strategies
  • Union- (Anaconda Plan)
  • Blockade Southern ports
  • Riverboats and armies would move down the Mississippi thus cutting the rebels in half
  • Capture Richmond, VA
  • Confederate
  • Play a defensive strategy however when given an opportunity, the Rebels shall strike in the North
  • Anaconda Plan (Union)
group work assignment
Group Work Assignment
  • Throughout the text or using your device; survey the battles of the Civil War.
  • Determine if the battle fell under the Confederate plan or Union plan
  • Example
  • Bull Run
  • July 21st, 1861
  • Goal: Union army to seize the confederate capital, Richmond, VA
  • Victor, Confederate
  • Anaconda Plan
second class debate
Second Class Debate
  • Warm-up
  • Report the who, what, when, where, why and in three sentences write the potential impact of the outcome of the election.
  • SWBAT:
  • Create opening statements and present them extemporaneously
  • Engage in a debate supporting either Governor Romney or President Obama
second class debate procedure
Second Class Debate Procedure
  • Review your hmk for the debate; look over fact sheet warm-up.
  • Report the who, what, when, where and why of the yahoo article
  • Choose a side; Romney, Obama, or Independent.
  • Complete Debate
  • Use materials from your binder, warm-up or device when assisting you in preparing for the debate.
  • Move to debate procedures.
  • Foreign Policy
trump turning point of the war
Trump/ Turning Point of the War
  • Warm up
  • View trump video and write your opinion on the subject on a loose leaf piece of paper
  • Trump
  • Obama
  • Lincolns Army of the Potomac vs the Army of Northern Virginia.
  • Battles of
  • Gettysburg
  • Battles for Atlanta
  • Appomattox
civil war
Civil War
  • SWBAT:
  • Analyze how media and political jargon can effect voters
  • Determine the turning point, and conclusion of the civil War


Trump Video


Lincoln’s Army of the Potomac vs. the Army of Northern Virginia

Group research and Presentations

conclusion of war
Conclusion Of War


Test next class

  • Warm- up
  • Read and answer the concept questions based from the article on Wilmer Mclean
  • Teacher Presentation
  • Group Research and Discovery
  • SWBAT:
  • Compare/Contrast the two turning points of the Civil War
  • Analyze the causes for General Lee’s surrender to General Grant at Appomattox, VA
jeopardy knowledge
Jeopardy Knowledge
  • Q: Where was Wilmer Mclean living at the start of the civil war and why did he move?
  • Q: What was his occupation during the war?
  • Q: What is most interesting about his life and how is it linked to the Civil War?
gettysburg the turning point
Gettysburg – The Turning Point
  • July 1st through July 3rd,1863
  • Victor Union
  • Union losses 23,000
  • Confederate losses 28,000
  • Concept – Last time the South would invade the north
  • Gettysburg
siege of vicksburg
Siege of Vicksburg
  • May 19th, 1863
  • Confederate City of Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders on July 4th, 1863
  • Union Victory
  • Concept: Union took control of Mississippi river; cut Confederates in half
  • Vicksburg Campaign
road to appomattox
Road to Appomattox
  • Total War- Union General Grant Commander of the military division of the Mississippi, William T. Sherman; turned the fight on the civilians, not just the army and confederate government.
  • Grants Goal- immobilize army of Northern Virginia
  • Sherman's Goal- raid Georgia, move up through the Carolinas and meet Grant in Virginia
road to appomattox1
Road to Appomattox
  • May to June of 1864- Battles of Wilderness, Spotsylvania and Petersburg
  • Union losses 60,000
  • Confederate losses 32,000
  • Concept- Union could afford losses/ More men to spare
  • Grants total war successful
  • September 1864- Commander Sherman burns down nearly all of Atlanta
  • December- Takes Savannah, GA
  • 1865- South Carolina- burned every house in its path until shermans army reached North Carolina
  • Sherman's total war successful
  • April, 9th 1865
  • Based from Grant & Sherman's total war theories; Lee & the Confederacy was forced to surrender
  • Appomattox
group assignment
Group Assignment
  • Complete Geography skill builders on pages 358, 361, & 363.
  • Why did Davis/Lee agree to attack at Gettysburg?
  • What did the defeat at Gettysburg symbolize?
  • Why was Vicksburg vital to the south?
  • Compare Gettysburg and Vicksburg; which was a bigger factor as the turning point of the war?
  • Describe total war and why it was successful for the North
emancipation proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation
  • It freed the slaves only in states that have seceded from the Union.
  • It did not free slaves in border states.
  • 1863
  • Emancipation = freedom
gettysburg turning point
Gettysburg – turning point
  • Gettysburg is the largest battle in the history of the Western hemisphere.
  • Over 100, 000 people died in 3 days.
  • It was the last time the South invaded the North.
gettysburg address
Gettysburg Address
  • that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
          • Abe Lincoln
blacks in the military
Blacks in the Military
  • After the Emancipation Proclamation blacks began to join the Union Army
  • Initially they were only used for manual labor
  • Eventually, Blacks saw live combat
  • 54th regiment out of Massachusetts

William Carney

civil war test
Civil War Test
  • Open notes and study for 5 minutes.
  • Q & A with teacher 5 minutes
  • Take test
  • Civil War amendments
  • Notebook check next class
  • SWBAT:
  • Complete a test assessing Civil War knowledge
  • Determine how Lincoln's assassination affected the nation; post Civil war
results of the civil war
Results of the Civil War?
  • Reconstruction – time of rebuilding the country after the Civil War
reconstruction amendments
Reconstruction Amendments
  • 13th Amendment – freed slaves
reconstruction amendments1
Reconstruction Amendments
  • 14th Amendment – Everyone born in the US is a citizen, due process of law for all citizens.
  • 15th – Black male suffrage
lincoln is assassinated
Lincoln is assassinated
  • Lincoln’s assassination
assassination of lincoln april 14 th 1865
Assassination of Lincoln , April 14th 1865
  • Punishment of the killers and conspiratorsmfk

Who: John Wilkes Booth to assassinate Lincoln

George Atzerdot to assassinate V.P. Andrew Johnson

Lewis Powell & David Herlod to assassinate Secretary of State William Seward

Where: Fords theater, Washington D.C.

reconstruction 1865 1877
Reconstruction 1865-1877



Compare and Contrast Lincoln’s plan and the Radical Republicans plan for reconstruction.

Identify and examine the Radical Republicans

Discuss the South's devious methods of limiting the newly freed slaves rights.

  • Meet in groups & complete assessment questions from last class if you have not done so already.
  • Review your Civil War test and correct the Wrong answers only; see me with problems or questions
  • 1. How might reconstruction be different if Lincoln was not assassinated?
  • 2. What part of the country needed to be rebuilt? why
  • 3. Punish or Forgive? What would you do to the South? Why
  • 4. Which amendment banned slavery? Which was a pathway for voting?
lincoln s plan for reconstruction
Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction


Radical Republicans

Thaddeus Stevens- leader

Wade-Davis Bill- Passed by the radicals in response to Lincolns plan

Congress responsible for reconstruction

A majority must swear allegiance not 10%

Fought or held office under the confederacy; not eligible.

  • Lincoln favored a lenient reconstruction policy
  • Proclamation of amnesty and Reconstruction or 1/10th plan
  • Must swear allegiance to the constitution
  • 10% of voting population did this; Lincoln would recognize them as a state.
  • Lincoln used a pocket Veto
johnson s plan for reconstruction
Johnson’s Plan for Reconstruction

Johnson’s Plan

Concept Questions

What did President Johnson classify his plan as, how was it similar to Lincoln’s plan?

What did Johnson issue the Confederate states?

Did Johnson set harsh or lenient rules on the South?

Who did Johnson target in his plan for reconstruction? Why

  • Johnson
reconstruction 1865 18771
Reconstruction 1865-1877



Assess the continuing social and political issues following the civil war

Analyze social and political trends in post Reconstruction America

  • Complete Geography Skill builder, page 381, questions 1 and 2
  • Reconstruction
  • What were the success of reconstruction?
reconstruction presentations
Reconstruction Presentations

Warm -up


Assess the continuing social and political issues following the civil war

Analyze social and political trends in post Reconstruction America

Compare past policies and practices to current American Policies and practices

  • Meet in your groups for 10 minutes; review presentations.
  • Place all group members names on your rubric, put AB next to absent group members names
  • Hand-in (after presentation) your research paper
  • Model of presentation: Intro, thesis idea, conclusion & determination with current event comparison.
group discovery
Group Discovery

Warm-up/ Group


On one piece of paper record the following:

Who, what, when, where, why and future American impact. Be prepared to present

Each group also analyze page 400. Be prepared to take a stance for a debate next class.

Create a thesis statement on how the past has impacted today

  • Read & report the who, what, when, where, why & in 2-3 sentences report the impact Thaddeus Stevens had on reconstruction.
  • Group 1-
  • Presidential R.-Row 1
  • Congressional R.- Row 2
  • Johnson’s impeachment- Row 3
  • Civil rights set backs (398)-Row 4
  • Compromise of 1877- Row 5
  • Emergence of the KKK-Row 6
  • Give Presentations
reconstruction 1865 18772
Reconstruction 1865-1877



Assess the continuing social and political issues following the civil war

Analyze social and political trends in post Reconstruction America

Compare past policies and practices to current American Policies and practices

  • View 60 minutes clip on the senate: Senate
  • Compare / Contrast 3 ways the senate of today is comparable to the senate during the reconstruction era
  • Meet in groups of 5 by rows (across/horizontally) to answer the posed question.
  • Debate procedures/presentations