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Acquiring New Lands

Acquiring New Lands. 12.4.4. Filipinos Rebel. T he Treaty of Paris, which ended the Spanish American war, called for American annexation of the Philippines . The rebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo believed that the US had promised independence.

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Acquiring New Lands

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  1. Acquiring New Lands 12.4.4

  2. Filipinos Rebel • The Treaty of Paris, which ended the Spanish American war, called for American annexation of the Philippines. • The rebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo believedthat the US had promised independence. • When he and his followers learned the terms of the treaty, they vowed to fight for freedom.

  3. PHILIPPINE–AMERICAN WAR • The US forced Filipinos to live in designated zones, where poor sanitation, starvation, and disease killed thousands. • This was the very same practice that the US had condemned Spain for using in Cuba.

  4. PHILIPPINE–AMERICAN WAR • It took the Americans nearly three years to put down the rebellion. About 20,000 Filipino rebels died fighting for independence. • The war claimed 4,000 American lives and cost $400 million—20 times the price the United States had paid to purchase the islands.

  5. Aftermath of the war • The US put a government in place with limited self rule • Under American rule, the Philippines moved gradually toward independence and finally became an independent republic on July 4, 1946.

  6. Foreign Influence in China • U.S. imperialists saw the Philippines as a gateway to China. China was seen as a vast potential market for American products • The US government issued an open door policy with other imperialist nations which stated no single nation would have a monopoly on trade with China.

  7. THE BOXER REBELLION IN CHINA • Although China kept its freedom, Europeans dominated most of China’s large cities. • Some Chinese formed secret societies that pledged to rid the country of foreigners • The most famous of these secret groups were the Boxers

  8. THE BOXER REBELLION IN CHINA • The Boxers killed hundreds of foreigners • August 1900, troops from Britain, France, Germany, and Japan joined about 2,500 American soldiers and marched on the Chinese capital. • Within two months, the international forces put down the Boxer Rebellion.

  9. PROTECTING AMERICAN RIGHTS • The Open Door policy reflected three American beliefs about the US economy. • Americans believed that the growth of the U.S. economy depended on exports. • The US had a right to intervene abroad to keep foreign markets open. • They feared that the closing of an area to American products, citizens, or ideas threatened U.S. survival.

  10. The Impact of U.S. Territorial Gains • An Anti Imperialist League was created in the US that included some of the most prominent people in America • Anti imperialists all agreed that it was wrong for the US to rule other people without their consent. • However, under the next two presidents US imperialism continued

  11. Assignment • 1. Describe the US treatment of Filipinos during the Philippine War? • 2. Describe the cost of the Phillippine War in both human life and money? • 3. What was the open door policy? • 4. Describe the Boxer Rebellion. How was this conflict resolved? • 5. What did the Anti Imperialist League want for the US?

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