Interviewing Vocabulary • Primary Source: A person whose business it is to have the best and most reliable information about the topic; especially important in interviewing • Off-the-record: An agreement reached, before an interview begins, that the interviewer will not print the information that the interviewee provides
Interviewing Vocabulary • Stock question: An all-purpose question usable in any situation – for example, what are your long-term goals? • Open-ended question: A question that is structured to allow the interviewee freedom in answering. Does not allow for a one-word answer (such as yes or no) but are“why” questions. • Transcribe: to record an interview word-for-word
Why is interviewing important? • Powerful writing begins with good interviewing • Quotes give a story credibility, timeliness and interest
Why prepare for an interview? • It will impress the person you are interviewing and they will take the interview more seriously • You will get better responses • It will help you feel in command
To Prepare • Research your topic/subject • Background Interviewing (phone/email) • Online research – recent news stories, historical information, factual information • Write a list of open-ended questions • Talk to other people about your story and ask for ideas
1. The right source • Find a source who has knowledge about or experience with the subject • Student quotes are important, but so are people of authority
2. Start with simple questions • How are you? • Tell me about your children. • What are your hobbies? • What classes are you taking this year? • What is your favorite class? • Have you been going to the football games? • GET THEM TALKING – give a compliment, make small talk, etc.
3. Ask open-ended questions • Ask how questions • How will the passing of the TRE help the district? • How much money did each new restaurant cost? • Ask why questions • Why do you think the raised tax was needed? • Why did the district decide to purchase additional security cameras?
Avoid . . . • Questions that could be answered with a “yes” or “no” (do, are, can, will questions) • Do you think the security cameras are good? • Do you agree with the new driving laws? • Can students eat in the restaurant? • Will you sign up for a CTE course? • Do you like the new restaurant? • Questions that are leading or framing questions • Don’t you think the new driving laws are stupid? • Aren’t you happy that we won the football game?
4. Ask for elaboration • You said that the person who has been the most influential in your life is your mom. Why is that? • Ask for specific examples • You said she has always been there for you. Do you have an example of a time when she was there for you?
5. If you don’t understand, . . . • ASK! • I’m sorry, but I’m not really sure what you mean when you say budget deficit. Can you explain what a deficit is? • What are RBIs? • What do you mean by . . .?
6. Questions in News Stories • Think about the 5ws and h • Factual information • Date, time, place
7. The Last Question • Is there anything else you would like to add? • Can I call you back if I think of anything else? • Additional contact info for other sources (when needed) • Follow up with a thank you via email
Setting up the interview • Clearly define the purpose of the interview • Give them an idea of what you plan to discuss • Do not give them your list of questions • Use professional email language
How to contact a source • By email • Through Facebook/Twitter • By phone • In person
Getting in contact with your sources Coach Westerberg- In an upcoming issue of the Eagle Angle newspaper at AHS, I will be writing an article on sports injuries and how they effect athletes. I was hoping I could speak with you about some of the precautions that the training staff and coaches take to keep athletes safe. If you don’t mind, please let me know when a convenient time to meet would be. I could meet you at the athletic facility Wednesday during 5th, 6th or 8th period. Thank you in advance for your help! -Elisabeth Dillon Eagle Angle Editor-in-Chief Hi Coach Westerburg, So… I was jw if u were ok with me coming down to the facilitee for a while to ask u sum questions about hurt players? Email me back dude. K thanks. Have a good day. Bye
Professional email language • Introduce yourself and why you are contacting them • Give a brief summary of your story topic • Don’t include questions • Tell them when you have a deadline • Ask if you can meet on or before a specific date • Use please and thank you! • Spell check
Email or Facebook Interviews • Wooden and pre-packaged answers • No spontaneity • Can’t read the subject’s faces or watch their mannerisms • Won’t produce a revealing interview with good quotes • Won’t be able to ask for elaboration or stories • Never, ever use when writing a story!
Tips for Conducting the Interview • Think about environment • Arrange for privacy • Go to a place where they are comfortable • Be flexible • Be there on time • Get a phone number in case you are running late or can’t make it • Dress appropriately • Bring a list of questions – but be prepared to deviate
Other Tips • Silence your cell phone • Don’t chew gum • Bring materials – pen, notebook and recorder • Take observations • Repeat questions if necessary
Still more tips • Ask your questions in a logical order • Be friendly and polite • Act interested • Talk casually • Empathize with the subject – try to understand from their point of view • Use non-verbal cues to show that you are listening
Today’s Assignment • Write or type a list of questions you would ask a classmate to find out all about them. You will be interviewing them today. You should ask at least 15-20 questions. • You DO NOT GET TO CHOOSE YOUR PARTNER. PARTNERS ARE LISTED ON THE NEXT SLIDE. • In your interviews, try to find one main topic to ask questions about. You will need this for a project later on. • For example, if they tell you they play football, here are some sample questions you might ask: • When did you start playing football? • Why were you interested in football? • What position do you play? • What do you like most about football? • What do you like least about football? • What are your goals with football?
Classmate Interviews • 1st Period: