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Biology II Lab Practical Review Part II. Last updated 11-29-07. Fungi. Phyla Chytridiomycota Zygomycota Glomeromycota Ascomycota Basidiomycota. Aspergillis Ascomycota - mold. Ascomycota. Basidiomycota. http://www2.muw.edu/~mharvill/index.html. Zygomycota - Rhizopus. Ascomycota.

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Biology II Lab Practical Review Part II


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    1. Biology II Lab Practical ReviewPart II Last updated 11-29-07

    2. Fungi Phyla Chytridiomycota Zygomycota Glomeromycota Ascomycota Basidiomycota

    3. Aspergillis Ascomycota - mold Ascomycota Basidiomycota http://www2.muw.edu/~mharvill/index.html Zygomycota - Rhizopus Ascomycota

    4. Name the phylum and explain the pictures. Answer: Glomeromycota. They are endomycorrhizae. The tips of the hyphae push into plant root cells and branch into tiny treelike structures known as arbuscles. http://www.ffp.csiro.au/research/mycorrhiza/vam.html

    5. Fungi Reproduction Basidia Zygoyte Rhizopus Ascospores Inside Ascus Conidia - Asexual Ascomycota Yeast budding

    6. Lichen • Lichen are a symbiotic association composed of: • a. mycorrhizae and green algae • b. nodules and cyanobacteria • c. fungi, cyanobacteria and/or green algae • d. chlorophyta and green algae • e. a. and b. • Answer: c.

    7. Fruticose Foliose Crustose Crustose Fruticose

    8. Embryology

    9. What is the difference between phylogeny and ontology? • Answer: One is the study of evolutionary relationships among organisms and the other is the development of an individual organism from egg to adult.

    10. Cell Division Mesenchyme Archenteron Morula Gastrula Blastocoel Blastula

    11. midbrain Locate on diagram: forebrain somite eye midbrain pharynx heart neural tube somite ear hindbrain eye hindbrain forebrain ear heart pharynx somite neuraltube somite 48 hr. chick – dorsal view

    12. Chorion Embryo Amnion Allantois Yolk sac Yolk

    13. Extraembryonic Membranes • What are the functions of the extraembryonic membranes? • Answer: Amnion - protects the embryo Chorion - gas exchange Allantois - waste disposal & gas exchange Yoke sac - surrounds yoke for nutrients

    14. Germ Layers • What are the three germ layers? • Answer: Ectoderm, Endoderm, Mesoderm • What body tissues are derived from each? • Answer: Ectoderm - epidermis of skin, mouth & rectum lining, eye, nervous system, tooth enamel Endoderm – lining of digestive tract and respiratory system, liver, pancreas, thyroid, lining of reproductive system Mesoderm – notocord, skeleton, muscles, circulatory system, reproductive system, excretory system, skin dermis, body cavity lining

    15. Invertebrates

    16. Porifera What are the body plans below? • Answer: ascon, sycon, leucon

    17. Cnidaria Anthozoa Scyphozoa Hydrozoa Ctenophora Comb Jelly Cubozoa

    18. Platyhelmenthes Trematoda Turbellaria Turbellaria Cestoda Monogenea

    19. Nemertea Rotifera

    20. Nematoda Male or female? Answer: Male

    21. Arthropoda • Crustacea and Insecta are distinct from each other in that • a. Crustacea have segmented legs • b. Insects have segmented legs • c. Crustacea have two pairs of antenna • d. Insects have two pairs of antenna • e. a. & b. • Answer: c

    22. Arthropoda Classes Myriapoda Subclass Diplopoda Myriapoda Subclass Chilopoda Arachnida Crustacea Insecta

    23. Match the letter to the number • 1. Porifera • 2. Cnidaria • 3. Ctenophora • 4. Platyhelmenthes • 5. Mollusca • 6. Nematoda • 7. Annelida • 8. Arthropoda • 9. Echinodermata • a. Diplopoda • b. Roundworm • c. Cephalopoda • d. Turbelaria • e. Hydrozoa • f. Comb jelly • g. Ophiuroidea • h. Oligochaeta • i. Ascon body type • Answers: 1(i), 2(e), 3(f), 4(d), 5(c), 6(b), 7(h), 8(a), 9(g)

    24. a. d. Echinodermata • Asteroidea b. Holothuroidea c. Crinoidea d. Ophiurodea e. Echinoidea b. e. f. Echinoidea g. Concentricycloidea f. c. g.

    25. a. d. Echinodermata • Asteroidea b. Holothuroidea c. Crinoidea d. Ophiurodea e. Echinoidea b. e. f. Echinoidea f. c.

    26. Mollusca Polyplacophora Gastropoda Bivalvia Cephalopoda Cehpalopoda Cephalopoda

    27. Annelida Oligochaeta Hirudinia Polychaeta

    28. Match the letter with the number. Answers may be used more than once. • 1. Platyhelmenthes • 2. Roundworms • 3. Earthworm • 4. Mouth first • 5. Anus first • 6. lack tissue • 7. true tissue • a. parazoa • b. acoelomate • c. pseudocoleomate • d. deuterostome • e. protostome • f. eumetazoa • g. coelomate • Answer: 1b, 2c, 3g, 4e, 5d, 6a, 7f

    29. Vertebrates

    30. What are the four main characteristics of Chordata? • Answer: • Notocord. Flexible, rod-like. Replaced by vertebrae of backbone in vertebrates. • Pharyngeal gill slits from throat to exterior • Dorsal hollow nerve cord whose main cord is solid • Post-anal tail

    31. The subphyla of Chordata are? • a. Urochordata, Asteroidea, Cephalochordata • b. Vertebrata, Cephalochordata, Agnatha • c. Cephalochordata, Agnatha, Actinistia • d. Urochordata, Cephalochordata, Vertebrata • e. None of the above • Answer: d • Which subphylum do Tunicates belong? • Answer: Urochordata

    32. Match the letter with the number.Answer only used once. • 1. Shark • 2. Perch • 3. Frog • 4. Pig • a. Class Actinopterygii • b. Class Mammalia • c. Class Chondrichthyes • d. Order Anura • Answer: 1c, 2a, 3d, 4b

    33. Reptilia Order Crocodilia Order Squamata Order Chelonia Order Sphenodontia Order Squamata

    34. Orders of Placental Mammals Sirenia Rodentia Proboscidea Primates Perissodactyla Insectavora Lagomorpha Chiroptera Perissodactyla Cetacea Artiodactyla Artiodactyla

    35. Mammals Order Monotremata Order Marsupials Class Aves Carinates Ratites

    36. Frog Heart c. a. Fat bodies Liver b. d. e. Stomach Small intestines

    37. c. male or female? female b. heart a. cloaca Shark

    38. Pig a. heart lung c. b. liver

    39. swim bladder b. gills a. e. ovary c. liver d. stomach f. intestine

    40. Good Luck It's almost over!