Injury prevention and control. By Steph and Leah. Key Features. The term injury relates to the adverse effects on the human body that may result from a range of different events.
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Infants and young children are more at risk of drowning as their knowledge of water and swimming are limited and their body proportions mean their heads are relatively heavy, so an infant or young child may struggle to lift their head out of the water.
Older people are more likely to die from falls as their bodies are generally not as string as younger people’s and are affected more by the trauma associated with falls.
Age can be a significant risk factor for a range of injuries.
Body shape and size can also influence the types of injury people are likely to sustain for example the body shape and size of an infant makes them more likely to drown as their heads are large compared with the rest of their body which makes it difficult for them to lift their heads out of the water.
Socioeconomic status – those of a lower socioeconomic status are more likely to be injured. This may be a result of lower levels of education, the types of occupations carried out or lack of financial resources to ensure cars are in safe working order.
Social exclusion and social isolation – those who are socially excluded and isolated may not have people to talk to when required. This can increase the risk of injuries of mental health issues and injuries from self harm.
The National Slips and Falls prevention project. This is a federal government program that provides resources to health professionals and consumers about preventing falls among the elderly.
The National Binge Drinking Strategy. This program is funded by the federal government and aims to reduce the risk of injury associated with alcohol misuse. It includes the ‘Don’t turn a night out into a nightmare’ advertising campaign.