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Injury Prevention. Corey Gildea Fall 2007. Muscle Imbalance. The relationship between the tone or strength and length of the muscles around a joint Stronger will shorten and the opposite will lengthen Weakness causes faulty alignment or an imbalance Bilateral and unilateral

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injury prevention

Injury Prevention

Corey Gildea

Fall 2007

muscle imbalance
Muscle Imbalance
  • The relationship between the tone or strength and length of the muscles around a joint
    • Stronger will shorten and the opposite will lengthen
  • Weakness causes faulty alignment or an imbalance
  • Bilateral and unilateral
    • Common example is low back pain can be contributed to a weak abdomen
screening
Screening
  • To recognize candidates for possible injury
  • Manual Muscle Testing
    • A muscle is isolated and tested for strength
  • Muscle length
    • Stretched to endpoint
strengthening
Strengthening
  • The agonist needs to be lengthened
  • The antagonist needs to be trained to work again or strengthened
    • Statically then dynamically
      • Static requires both the agonist of that movement to be strengthened and the antagonist of that movement to be stretched lengthening the muscle
      • Dynamic exercises can be done in a variety of ways to contribute to the benefits needed
prevention
Prevention
  • Education
    • Proper posture
  • Proper and equal weight lifting
      • Hamstring vs. quadriceps muscles
  • Stretching
technique
Technique
  • ACL Tears
    • Increased in females
      • Neuromuscular control
  • Head Injuries
    • Football or soccer
anti gravity training
Anti-Gravity Training
  • Phoenix Suns
  • Anti-gravity training
    • Chamber that pulls out air
    • Compression suit is worn to pull 80% of the athlete’s body weight off the exercise device
    • Simulates working on an exercise bike or treadmill at 9,000 ft.
anti gravity training9
Anti-Gravity Training
  • Reduces injury
    • Towards the end of the season when athlete’s bodies are becoming fatigued
      • Average age in the NBA is 27
    • Maintain cardiovascular endurance
    • Maintain leg strength
neck resistance training
Neck Resistance Training
  • Temple University
  • Reduce acceleration with head contact
    • Strengthening neck muscles will slow head down on contact
equipment
Equipment
  • More equipment
    • In children to prevent commotio cordis and internal structure damage
  • Improving equipment
  • More reasonable
weight lifting
Weight Lifting
  • Florida study
  • Best way to prevent injury
  • Non-lifters
    • Severe Upper body 78%
    • Severe Lower body 64%
      • Severe - athlete out 21+ days
      • Moderate – athlete out of competition 7-21 days
  • Well structured weight lifting program done properly is going to significantly decrease the rate of injury return
bibliography
Bibliography
  • Andrews, Harrison, and Wilk. Physical Rehabilitation of the Injured Athlete. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2004.
  • Coro, Paul (2007). New Methods Keep Suns Healthy. azcentral.com.
  • Kendall, Florence P., Elizabeth K. McCreary, Patricia G. Provance, Mary M. Rodgers, and William A. Romani. Muscles Testing and Function with Posture and Pain. 5th ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005.
  • University of Florida (1997) Sports Scientists Say Weight Lifting Is Key in Preventing Severe Injuries. ScienceDaily.
bibliography16
Bibliography
  • Wathen D., 1994, Muscle Balance. In Essentials of strength Training and Conditioning, 425
  • www.nasm.org