Injury prevention
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Injury Prevention. Corey Gildea Fall 2007. Muscle Imbalance. The relationship between the tone or strength and length of the muscles around a joint Stronger will shorten and the opposite will lengthen Weakness causes faulty alignment or an imbalance Bilateral and unilateral

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Injury prevention l.jpg

Injury Prevention

Corey Gildea

Fall 2007


Muscle imbalance l.jpg
Muscle Imbalance

  • The relationship between the tone or strength and length of the muscles around a joint

    • Stronger will shorten and the opposite will lengthen

  • Weakness causes faulty alignment or an imbalance

  • Bilateral and unilateral

    • Common example is low back pain can be contributed to a weak abdomen


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Screening

  • To recognize candidates for possible injury

  • Manual Muscle Testing

    • A muscle is isolated and tested for strength

  • Muscle length

    • Stretched to endpoint



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Strengthening

  • The agonist needs to be lengthened

  • The antagonist needs to be trained to work again or strengthened

    • Statically then dynamically

      • Static requires both the agonist of that movement to be strengthened and the antagonist of that movement to be stretched lengthening the muscle

      • Dynamic exercises can be done in a variety of ways to contribute to the benefits needed


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Prevention

  • Education

    • Proper posture

  • Proper and equal weight lifting

    • Hamstring vs. quadriceps muscles

  • Stretching


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    Technique

    • ACL Tears

      • Increased in females

        • Neuromuscular control

    • Head Injuries

      • Football or soccer


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    Anti-Gravity Training

    • Phoenix Suns

    • Anti-gravity training

      • Chamber that pulls out air

      • Compression suit is worn to pull 80% of the athlete’s body weight off the exercise device

      • Simulates working on an exercise bike or treadmill at 9,000 ft.


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    Anti-Gravity Training

    • Reduces injury

      • Towards the end of the season when athlete’s bodies are becoming fatigued

        • Average age in the NBA is 27

      • Maintain cardiovascular endurance

      • Maintain leg strength


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    Neck Resistance Training

    • Temple University

    • Reduce acceleration with head contact

      • Strengthening neck muscles will slow head down on contact


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    Equipment

    • More equipment

      • In children to prevent commotio cordis and internal structure damage

    • Improving equipment

    • More reasonable


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    Weight Lifting

    • Florida study

    • Best way to prevent injury

    • Non-lifters

      • Severe Upper body 78%

      • Severe Lower body 64%

        • Severe - athlete out 21+ days

        • Moderate – athlete out of competition 7-21 days

    • Well structured weight lifting program done properly is going to significantly decrease the rate of injury return


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    Bibliography

    • Andrews, Harrison, and Wilk. Physical Rehabilitation of the Injured Athlete. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2004.

    • Coro, Paul (2007). New Methods Keep Suns Healthy. azcentral.com.

    • Kendall, Florence P., Elizabeth K. McCreary, Patricia G. Provance, Mary M. Rodgers, and William A. Romani. Muscles Testing and Function with Posture and Pain. 5th ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005.

    • University of Florida (1997) Sports Scientists Say Weight Lifting Is Key in Preventing Severe Injuries. ScienceDaily.


    Bibliography16 l.jpg
    Bibliography

    • Wathen D., 1994, Muscle Balance. In Essentials of strength Training and Conditioning, 425

    • www.nasm.org


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