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Bell-Ringer. You have decided to open a pizza restaurant With your group, make a list of the things that you will need to open your business You are starting from nothing. List everything you think you will require before you can open the doors and start serving your customers.

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bell ringer
Bell-Ringer
  • You have decided to open a pizza restaurant
  • With your group, make a list of the things that you will need to open your business
    • You are starting from nothing. List everything you think you will require before you can open the doors and start serving your customers.
  • You have five minutes to write as many as you can think of
economy

Economy

What is it and why is it?

objective
Objective
  • Describe, in general terms, the functioning of a market-based economic system
classroom rules
Classroom Rules
  • Comply with all federal, state and district policies
  • Do not do anything that creates unsafe or unhealthy conditions in my classroom
  • Do not do anything that interferes with your learning
  • Do not do anything that interferes with anyone else’s learning
  • Do not let anyone else interfere with your learning
classroom procedures
Classroom Procedures
  • Bring and use the proper materials at the proper time
  • No gum or food
  • Do not talk except when the activity permits or when you have a question (raise your hand first).
  • Stay in your seat unless you have permission
  • Do not do work from other classes unless you have permission
  • Listen carefully to instructions, execute them to the best of your ability, and ask if you do not understand them
  • Participate in the lesson by doing the correct activity at the correct time: listen, ask questions, discuss, read, write, research.
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Traditional Economy
  • Market Economy
  • Command Economy
  • Mixed Economy
  • Goods and Services
  • Factors of Production
  • Natural Resources
  • Labor Resources
  • Capital Resources
  • Entrepreneurs
  • Inputs
  • Wants and Needs
  • Supply and Demand
  • Market
  • Scarcity
  • Subsidy
goal of economies
Goal of Economies
  • The goal of every economy is to satisfy the needs of the members of the group and as many of their wants as possible
  • Needs – the things you must have for survival (food, water, shelter, etc.) – if you do not get them, you will probably die
  • Wants – the things you would like to have, but your survival does not depend on your having them
  • Wants and needs are satisfied by the answers to the basic economic questions
basic economic questions
Basic Economic Questions
  • What shall we produce?
  • How shall we produce it?
  • How much shall we produce?
    • Included in some lists, not included in others – it’s related to the first “how”
  • Who gets it?
economic systems
Economic Systems
  • All economic systems answer the basic questions
  • Four common systems:
    • Traditional Economy – not relevant to the lesson; we’ll come back to it in later lessons
    • Market Economy – often called “capitalism”
    • Command Economy – often called “communism” or “socialism”, but the two are different – more on that in a later lesson
    • Mixed Economy – has elements of both market and command economies
differences in economic systems
Differences in Economic Systems
  • The big difference between the systems is who answers the basic economic questions
    • When individuals answer all of the questions, the system is called “capitalist” or “market economy”
      • Individuals do not vote on the question; they answer it through a system called “supply and demand” in an imaginary place called a “market”
    • When government answers all or most of the questions, the system is called “communist” or “command economy”
    • “Mixed” systems are between those two extremes
      • Most economies are mixed; most governments help answer “how shall we make it?” in the form of rules and regulations and “what shall we produce?” in the form of subsidies
factors of production
Factors of Production
  • Factors of Production are the general categories of inputs needed to produce goods and services
  • Natural Resources – the land and raw materials needed to produce the goods and services
  • Labor Resources – the knowledge and physical effort needed to produce the goods and services
  • Capital Resources – money; can also be human-made materials, but it’s purchased with money
  • Entrepreneur – the person who puts the other three resources together to produce the goods and services
scarcity
Scarcity
  • All resources are limited; there are not enough resources to satisfy everyone’s wants
  • Because there is not enough for everyone, who answers “what shall we produce?” and “who gets it?” shows a difference in priority (importance)
differences in priorities
Differences in Priorities
  • In a market system, the primary focus is on satisfying individual wants and needs
    • Upside: creativity, ingenuity and hard work are usually rewarded
    • Downside: economic inequality
    • Factors of Production are usually owned by individuals
  • In a command system, the primary focus is on satisfying group wants and needs
    • Upside: more economic equality
    • Downside: little incentive to be creative, ingenious or hard-working
    • Factors of Production are usually owned by the government
activity
Activity
  • Take the list that you made in the bell-ringer activity and categorize the items on the list into
    • Natural Resources
    • Capital Resources
    • Labor Resources
    • You are the entrepreneur, so you don’t need to list that.
  • Your group has five minutes to complete your list
  • At the end of that time, groups will compare their categories
pizza restaurant
Pizza Restaurant
  • Entrepreneur
    • You
  • Natural Resources
    • The land your restaurant is on
  • Labor Resources
    • Your employees
  • Capital Resources
    • Building
    • Furniture
      • Tables, chairs, counters, etc.
    • Equipment
      • Ovens, kitchen equipment, pots, pans, utensils, etc.
    • Ingredients
      • Flour, yeast, cheese, toppings, etc.
factors and free market systems
Factors and Free Market Systems
  • Market System:
    • What shall we produce? Pizza
      • You answered that question
    • How shall we produce pizza?
      • Put the ingredients together according to your recipe, using the equipment and ingredients you bought. You answered the question
    • How much pizza shall we produce?
      • As much as customers will pay for. You and your customers answered the question
    • Who gets it?
      • Whoever will pay for it
  • Why are you doing it? Because you expect that you will make money.