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Islam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Islam. Islam Facts. 1.6 billion adherents 2 nd largest Fastest growing Monotheistic God is called Allah—99 beautiful names for Allah like The Mighty, The Strong, The Merciful, The Everlasting, The Beginning, The Last, the Avenger of Evil, and The Bringer of Peace. Misbah.

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islam facts
Islam Facts
  • 1.6 billion adherents
  • 2nd largest
  • Fastest growing
  • Monotheistic
  • God is called Allah—99 beautiful names for Allah like The Mighty, The Strong, The Merciful, The Everlasting, The Beginning, The Last, the Avenger of Evil, and The Bringer of Peace
muhammad founded islam
Muhammad founded Islam.
  • In 622 CE/AD
  • In Saudi Arabia
  • Islam means “surrender” or “submission”
  • Adherents called Muslims
  • Worldwide community called Umma
  • Indonesia, North Africa, India, SE Asia and USA
foundations of islam
Foundations of islam
  • Muhammad

(PBUH)

qur an
Qur’an
  • “recitation” or “reading”
  • Written in Arabic—right to left, back to front, like Hebrew
  • 114 Suras/chapters
  • It is the sacred presence in the world…like Jesus for Christians.
  • Direct words of Allah through a series of revelations spanning 22 years
  • Revered as a miracle because Muhammad was illiterate.
hadith
hadith
  • A collection of teachings thought to derive from the prophet and his companions
the prophet muhammad
The Prophet Muhammad
  • Born 570 CE
  • In Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Orphaned
  • Married Khadija—1st convert to Islam
  • 6 children
  • Religious man, often praying and meditating alone on Mt. Hira
muhammad as prophet
Muhammad as Prophet
  • Angel Gabriel commanded, “Recite!”
  • Huh??  What shall I recite?
  • 610 CE: Night of Power and Excellence
  • 22 years—series of revelations from God/Allah
  • Not well received in polytheistic Arabia
  • Taught the “Oneness” of God—pure monotheism
  • Stressed social and economic justice
  • 622 emigrated to Yathrib (Medina)--Hijra
seal last of the prophets
Seal (last) of the prophets
  • Sunna: the practical example of Muhammad through his actions and teachings
  • Muslims look to the Qur’an/Hadith and the Sunna or “custom” of the prophet.
other prophets in islam
Other prophets in islam

Abraham

Moses

Jesus Christ

Father of the Arab people as well as the Israelites

Son Ishmael moved to Mecca with his mother Hagar

Judaism’s greatest prophet

Ten commandments from Mt. Sinai

Delivered the Golden Rule

Will usher in the Day of Judgment at the end of the world.

islamic beliefs on human nature destiny
Islamic beliefs on human nature/destiny
  • No original sin
  • Forgetfulness was key to the Fall in the Garden of Eden.
  • Day of Judgment—heaven or hell awaits us all.
  • Preceded by coming of Mahdi—savior figure/Messiah
  • Then Jesus Christ will return to Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem for the Day of Judgment.
1 st pillar shahada
1st pillar: shahada

“There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God.”

3 rd pillar sawm
3rd pillar--sawm
  • “fasting” during daylight hours…sun up to sun down during 9th month of the year
  • Ramadan (“parched”)
  • Reminds Muslims of the suffering of the poor
  • Give up bad habits (Lent)
allahu akbar

Allahuakbar!

“God is great!”

as salamu alaykum

As-salamualaykum!

“Peace be upon you!”

wa alaykumu salam

Waalaykumusalam!

“And peace to you!”