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Chapter 5: Industrialization. Section 2: The Railroads SPOTLIGHT VIDEO. The Transcontinental Railroad. Began in 1862 when President Abraham Lincoln signed the Pacific Railway Act. Connected the nation East to West. Competition between 2 RR companies: Union Pacific RR Central Pacific RR.

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chapter 5 industrialization

Chapter 5: Industrialization

Section 2: The Railroads

SPOTLIGHT VIDEO

the transcontinental railroad
The Transcontinental Railroad
  • Began in 1862 when President Abraham Lincoln signed the Pacific Railway Act.
  • Connected the nation East to West.
  • Competition between 2 RR companies:
    • Union Pacific RR
    • Central Pacific RR
transcontinental rr
Transcontinental RR
  • Union Pacific RR
    • Engineer: Greenville Dodge
    • Started in Omaha, NE & pushed West
    • Workers faced bad weather, angry Native Am.
    • Labor, $ & Engineering problems.
    • Workforce: Civil war vets, miners, framers, ex-convicts.
  • Central Pacific RR
    • Started in Sacramento, CA.
    • Owned by the “Big Four”
      • Grocer: Leland Stanford
      • Shop owner: Charley Crocker
      • Hardware store owners: Mark Hopkins & Collis P. Huntington
    • Hired 10,000 Chinese immigrants & paid them about $1.00/day.
the last spike
The Last Spike
  • Promontory, UT
  • Where two RR came together &

final spike was Golden.

  • Despite Physical challenges,

took 4 years to complete.

  • 1 mile of track: 400 rails;

10 spikes per rail.

  • CP RR = 688 miles of track
  • UP RR = 1,086 miles of track
railroads spur growth
Railroads Spur Growth
  • Railroads linked the nation and

increased the markets for many products.

  • Railroads spent HUGE amounts of $ on steel, coal & timber
  • Smaller RR companies were combined into large RR corporations.
    • Cornelius Vanderbilt—one of most successful RR moguls.
rr s spur growth cont d
RR’s spur growth (cont’d)
  • Increase safety on the rails, American Railway Association divided country into 4 time zones.
    • Eastern, Central, Mountain, & Pacific.
  • New locomotive technology
    • Invention of air brakes, longer/heavier trains
    • Travel is now faster & cheaper
  • Rail network helped unite Americans.
robber barons
Robber Barons
  • RR cost lots of money, so the

Govt. gave companies land grants.

  • 1850-1860 federal govt program gave more than 120 acres to RR companies.
  • RR Entrepreneurs made a great deal of $ and this caused lots of corruption & bribery.
  • Jay Gould– one of the most notorious & corrupt RR owners.
the credit mobilier scandal
The Credit Mobilier Scandal
  • One of the biggest RR industry scandals
    • Construction company working for/with Union pacific RR signing contracts with them selves.
  • When the RR was about to go bankrupt, they offered congress shares of the company in exchange for more land grant.
  • Exposed during the election of 1872.
the great northern railroad
The Great Northern Railroad
  • Ran from Saint Paul, MN to Seattle, WA.
  • Headed by James J. Hill
  • Only privately funded transcontinental RR-no land grants were given.
  • Offered low fares to homesteaders & later sold the homesteads.
  • Most successful TRR & the only

one not forced into

bankruptcy.

assessment
Assessment
  • How did technology help unify the U.S.?
  • Why was the country divided into four (4) time zones?
  • How was the Great Northern different from other RR?
  • Writing: You are an employee of a major RR company. Your job is to write an advertisement to recruit workers for your corporation.