America Joins the War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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America Joins the War

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  1. America Joins the War World War I (Ch. 19)

  2. America Mobilizes • Selective Service Act (May 1917) • Drafted 3 million men • Fulfilled need for troops • Created Selective Service System • Provided over half of U.S. forces in WWI

  3. America Mobilizes • Military Makeup • African Americans serve in segregated units • Women worked non-combat positions • Shipyard workers exempt from draft

  4. America Turns the Tide • Convoy System • Reduce threat of German U-boats • Merchant ships protected by navy • American Entry into War • Invigorated weary Allied soldiers • Provide Allies with new resources

  5. Fighting “Over There” • American Expeditionary Force • Led by John J. Pershing • Called “Doughboys” • New Weapons • Tanks • Airplanes • Chemical Gases • Machine Guns

  6. The War at home

  7. Congress Gives Power to Wilson • War Industries Board • Increase efficiency • Production, profit, prices soar • War Economy • Inflation • Record stock profits • National War Labor Board

  8. Congress Gives Power to Wilson • Food Administration • Conservation • Victory gardens • High prices for grain

  9. selling the War • Financing the War • War Bonds • New taxes • Committee on Public Information • Propaganda • Patriotism and discrimination

  10. Attacks on Civil Liberties • Espionage and Sedition Acts • Fines or jail for interfering with war efforts • Targets socialists and labor leaders

  11. War Encourages social change • African-Americans • Split opinions • Du Bois: Supporting war will increase calls for justice • Great Migration • African-Americans flood the North looking for jobs and an escape from Jim Crow • Incites riots • Women • Won support for 19th Amendment

  12. The Collapse of Germany • Austria-Hungary surrenders to Allies • Germany sailors start a mutiny • The Kaiser gave up his thrown • Germany agreed to a ceasefire and signed the armistice (truce)

  13. Wilson Fights for Peace • Fourteen Points • Ways to avoid war • Self-determination • League of Nations • Allied Reaction • Want to punish Germany • Wilson abandons most points

  14. Treaty of Versailles • Provisions • Created new boundaries • Action against Germany • Demilitarization • Make reparations to Allies • War Guilt Clause: Forcing Germany to take sole responsbility

  15. Treaty of Versailles • Weaknesses • Harsh treatment of Germany • Land taken from Soviet Union • Ignored self-determination

  16. Treaty of Versailles • Opposition in Senate • Over League of Nations • U.S. signs separate treaty

  17. Legacy of WWI • Massive casualties • Caused by mechanized warfare and trench warfare • In U.S. • “Return to normalcy” • Strengthened U.S. military and gov’t • In Europe • Massive destruction, violence, instability • Opened door for communism and fascism

  18. What is next for the World?