America Enters the War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

america enters the war n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
America Enters the War PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
America Enters the War

play fullscreen
1 / 18
America Enters the War
121 Views
Download Presentation
chogan
Download Presentation

America Enters the War

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. America Enters the War Goals: To understand why the US got involved with WWII To understand the US’ reaction to the Pearl Harbor attack

  2. Japan is Threatened • America’s presence in Guam and the Philippines and support of China posed a threat to Japan • Roosevelt tried to stop Japanese expansion with a trade embargo • No oil, iron ore, fuel, steel, or rubber! • Japan then signed the Tripartite Pact in 1940 with Germany and Italy

  3. Japanese Expansionism Leads to War • In 1941, Hideki Tojo became the Japanese prime minister and focused on military expansion • Japan and the US tried to negotiate an end to the tension, but with little success • Tojo gave up on peace and decided to deliver the first blow against the US

  4. Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor • Pearl Harbor was the site of the US Navy’s main Pacific Fleet • Japan sent 6 aircraft carriers, 360 planes, along with battleships, cruisers, and submarines for a surprise attack • With one successful strike, Japan could wipe out most of the US’s Pacific Fleet • On December 7, 1941, Japanese forces attacked Pearl Harbor completely by surprise

  5. Victory for Japan, but… • Nearly 2,500 killed, 8 battleships severely damaged, 3 destroyers damaged, 160 aircraft destroyed and 128 more damaged • The US battlefleet was knocked out of commission for nearly 6 months • The Good News: aircraft carriers were deployed at sea along with 7 heavy cruisers • Only 3 battleships suffered irreparable damage • Submarine bases and important fuel depots survived • Japan cancelled a third wave of bombers, didn’t seek the aircraft carriers, and turned back home in case of a counter strike

  6. US Reaction • “Nothing will ever be the same, it never was the same” – Journalist Marquis Child • The US was now forced to declare war on Japan as isolationalists and interventionalists agree • The House of Rep. voted 388 to 1 to declare war, and the Senate voted 100 to 0 for war • Germany and Italy then declared war on the US because of their alliance with Japan

  7. America Mobilizes for War • Patriotism and service swept the country • From 1941 to 1942 alone, the army grew from 1.4 million to more than 3 million • Over 350,000 women joined the Women’s Army Corps (WAC) to provide clerical work, truck drivers, instructors, and lab techs

  8. American Production • In Jan 1942, the government set up the War Production Board (WPB) to oversee the transition from peacetime to wartime industries • The massive defense spending ended the Great Depression • Ford Motor Company poured all its resources into building B-52 Liberator bombers • In 1944, America’s production levels were double that of the Axis nations collectively • “To American production, without which the war would have been lost” – J. Stalin