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PhD Seminar in Teleoperation, Perception, adjustable autonomy: How should we interact with robots PowerPoint Presentation
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PhD Seminar in Teleoperation, Perception, adjustable autonomy: How should we interact with robots

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PhD Seminar in Teleoperation, Perception, adjustable autonomy: How should we interact with robots

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    1. PhD Seminar in Teleoperation, Perception, & adjustable autonomy: How should we interact with robots? Mike Lewis Spring Term 2003

    2. What Should Robots be like? Anthropomorphic? Conversational instructions? General purpose? Autonomous, unsupervised performance? Problem solving? Visual, tactile, proprioceptive, & auditory sensors?

    3. Three Ages of Robotics Prehistory- 1980s Its all in the mind.. AI & planning will make smart robots work (STRIPS & Shakey) 1990s Its all in the environment..intelligence & usefulness will just emerge 2000s Its all in Human-Robot interaction.. If people and robots could just cooperate we could do great things together..

    4. Shakeys World(1) The original STRIPS program was designed to control a robot called Shakey. Shakey was capable of moving, grabbing and pushing things, based on plans created by STRIPS.

    5. Knowledge Engineering in Planning Shakeys world

    8. The other half is figuring out how they can cooperate in a way that is: Not completely controlled like an RC car Not completely autonomous like Shakey

    9. Domains Im Interested in

    12. Common Problems: Navigation Navigation, context, & situation awareness become difficult when cues to distance, location, etc. are degraded by: narrow field of view absence of cues to depth and distance abrupt changes in field of view uncoupled to controlled motion such as turning a corner

    13. Common Problems: Perception Even significant objects may be difficult to recognize because: narrow field of view absence of cues to depth and distance Unusual/unexpected perspectives Degraded imagery because of nonvisual spectrum sensors, poor quality images, low light levels, etc. Following Examples from Robin Murphys Twin Towers Talk

    14. Needed Image Processing and Object Recognition Technologies

    15. Robots Compared with SearchCams SearchCams ~$10K, Robots ~$12K SearchCams reach up to 5 meters Robots reach up to 30 meters, averaged between 6 and 13 meters Robots can put light on the object, prod it, look at it from different angles Robots can go through more twisting tunnels SearchCams and small robots take <1.5 minutes to set up and insert

    16. State of Available Information what viewpoints have already been explored example: boot? no one rewound tape far enough back to catch earlier viewpoint which disambiguated the object!

    17. Common Problems Autonomy In both domains we would like to have many robots/person instead of the other way around (like it is today).. To do this wed like to have robots & humans adjust to each others needs.. E.g. Adjustable Autonomy

    18. Seminar Topics Navigation & situation awareness Egocentric/ exocentric/ & tethered views Augmented Reality (e.g. synthesizing info to help maintain SA) Wayfinding & suggested cues Perception Object recognition/attention direction Control of gaze/ perspective driven locomotion

    19. Topics (continued) Delegation of authority & AA Robot cries for help & human roles in resolving impasses Control of multiple robots..

    20. Planned readings Sheridan, Thomas B. (1992). Telerobotics, Automation, and Human Supervisory Control, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (old but topical) Ali, S. (1999) Multiagent Telerobotics: Matching Systems to Task, Ph.D. Dissertation, Georgia Tech Fong, T.W.(2001) Collaborative Control: A Robot-Centric Model for Vehicle Teleoperation doctoral dissertation, tech. report CMU-RI-TR-01-34, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, November, Rogers, E. & Murphy, R. (2001) Final Report forDARPA/NSF Study on Human-Robot Interaction (http://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/hri/nsfdarpa/) Musliner, D. & Pell, B. (1999) Agents with Adjustable Autonomy: Papers from 1999 AAAI Spring Symposium, AAAI Tech Report SS-99-06 The IJCAI-01 Workshop on Autonomy, Delegation, and Control: Interacting with Autonomous Agents (http://www.csce.uark.edu/~hexmoor/AA01/IJCAI01-cfp.htm)

    21. Project Seminar participants will work with game-engine based simulation of USAR reference arenas we are developing to develop and test concepts for teleoperation and/or delegation in control of simulated robot(s)