Old Testament Historical Books Part 1
Historical Books Poetic Books Prophetic Books Pentateuch Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1st&2nd Samuel, 1st&2nd Kings, 1st&2nd Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Eccles., Song of Solomon Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Minor Prophets Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy
Moses dies • Joshua takes the land
Ai Jericho Gibeon
Joshua 10:1-2 Now it came about when Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem heard that Joshua had captured Ai, and had utterly destroyed it (just as he had done to Jericho and its king, so he had done to Ai and its king), and that the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were within their land, that he feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were mighty.
Jarmuth Jerusalem Lachish Eglon Hebron Descent of Beth Horon Ai Jericho Gibeon Confederation of Kings from the South
Joshua 10:11 And it came about as they fled from before Israel, while they were at the descend of Beth-horon, that the Lord threw large stones from heaven on them, as far as Azekah, and they died; there were more who died from the hailstones than those whom the sons of Israel killed with the sword. ~yIm;V'h;-!mi
Descent of Beth Horon Ai Jericho Gibeon Jarmuth Jerusalem Azekah Lachish Eglon Hebron
Joshua 10:12-13 Then Joshua spoke to the Lord in the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, "O sun, stand still at Gibeon, And O moon in the valley of Aijalon." So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, Until the nation avenged themselves of their enemies. Is it not written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stopped in the middle of the sky, and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day.
Joshua 10:14 And there was no day like that before it or after it, when the Lord listened to the voice of a man; for the Lord fought for Israel.
Hazor Achshaph Madon Shimron
Joshua Initial Appeal:Preparations to take the Land (1-5) Closing Appeal:Living in the Land (22-24) Conquest of the Land (6-12) Distribution of the Land (13-21)
Genesis & JoshuaA Culmination of Promise Genesis ends with a promise of the bones of Joseph Joshua ends with the fulfillment of that promise
Deliverance Sin “The LORD raised up a deliverer.” “The Israelites did evil in the sight of the LORD.” Judgement Repentance “The LORD sold them into the hands of their enemies” “And when the sons of Israel cried out to the LORD…” The Sin Cycle
Sin Deliverance “The Israelites did evil in the sight of the LORD.” “The LORD raised up a deliverer.” Judgement Repentance “The LORD sold them into the hands of their enemies” “And when the sons of Israel cried out to the LORD…” Judges Ehud Deborah Gideon Jephthah Samson
Prologue in two parts (1-2) Othniel Narrative (3:7-11) • Ehud Narrative (3:12-31) Judge is social outcast Oppressors from east of the Jordan • Deborah/Barak Narrative (4-5) Woman slays enemy with blow to head Gideon Narrative (6:1 – 8:32) • Abimelech Narrative (8:33 – 10:5) Woman slays enemy with blow to head • Jephthah Narrative (10:6 – 12:15) Judge is social outcast Oppressors from east of the Jordan Samson Narrative (13-16) Epilogue in two parts (17-21)
17:1 Levite from Bethlehem becomes a priest to the people of Dan 19:1 Concubine from Bethlehem murdered in Gibeah and sparks war against tribe of Benjamin Judges 17:6 In those days there was no king in Israel; every man did what was right in his own eyes.
Gibeon Hill Country of Ephraim Gibeah Jebus (Jerusalem) Bethlehem
17:1 Levite from Bethlehem becomes a priest to the people of Dan 19:1 Concubine from Bethlehem murdered in Gibeah and sparks war against tribe of Benjamin Ruth Ruth and Naomi return to Bethlehem where Ruth has grandfather of David Judges 17:6 In those days there was no king in Israel; every man did what was right in his own eyes.
Ruth Naomi’s Bitterness (1) Naomi’s Blessing (4:13-21) Ruth discovers a potential kinsman redeemer (2) Boaz acquires right to be a kinsman redeemer (4:1-12) Boaz agrees to be a kinsman redeemer (3)
Samuel Saul • Judge • Prophet • Priest • Tribe of Benjamin • City of Gibeah • Anointed as King
Jabesh-gilead Gibeah And he took a yoke of oxen and cut them in pieces, and sent them throughout the territory of Israel by the hand of messengers, saying, “Whoever does not come out after Saul and after Samuel, so shall it be done to his oxen.” (1 Samuel 11:7) AMMON
1 Samuel 15:1-3 1 Then Samuel said to Saul, "The LORD sent me to anoint you as king over His people, over Israel; now therefore, listen to the words of the LORD. 2 "Thus says the LORD of hosts, 'I will punish Amalek for what he did to Israel, how he set himself against him on the way while he was coming up from Egypt. 3 Now go and strike Amalek and utterly destroy all that he has, and do not spare him; but put to death both man and woman, child and infant, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.'"
1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said, “Has the LORD as much delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices As in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, And to heed than the fat of rams.”
1 Samuel 15:23 "For rebellion is as the sin of divination, And insubordination is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, He has also rejected you from being king."
1 Samuel 15:27-28 27 And as Samuel turned to go, Saul seized the edge of his robe, and it tore. 28 So Samuel said to him, "The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today, and has given it to your neighbor who is better than you.
David’s Rise to Power The Goliath Incident Growing Popularity Fugitive
So the Philistines gathered together and came and camped in Shunem; and Saul gathered all Israel together and they camped in Gilboa. (1 Samuel 28:5). Shunem Mount Gilboa
Endor Philistines Armies of Israel
1 Samuel 28:11-12 Then the woman said, “Whom shall I bring up for you?” And he said, “Bring up Samuel for me.” When the woman saw Samuel, she cried out with a loud voice; and the woman spoke to Saul, saying, “Why have you deceived me? For you are Saul.”
1 Samuel 28:13-14 And the king said to her, “Do not be afraid; but what do you see?” And the woman said to Saul, “I see a divine being [Elohim] coming up out of the earth.” And he said to her, “What is his form?” And she said, “An old man is coming up, and he is wrapped with a robe.” And Saul knew that it was Samuel, and he bowed with his face to the ground and did homage.
1 Samuel 28:18-19 “As you did not obey the Lord and did not execute His fierce wrath of Amalek, so the Lord has done this thing to you this day. Moreover the Lord will also give over Israel along with you into the hands of the Philistines, therefore tomorrow you and your sons will be with me. Indeed the Lord will give over the army of Israel into the hands of the Philistines!”
1 Samuel 31:6 Thus Saul died with his three sons, his armor bearer, and all his men on that day together.
David as King • King over Judah • King over Israel • Capital in Jerusalem Jerusalem Hebron JUDAH
ASSYRIA Solomon’s Kingdom EGYPT
Dan 1 Kings 4:25 So Judah and Israel lived in safety, every man under his vine and his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon. Beersheba
And it came about when the priests came from the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the LORD, 11 so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD. (1 Kings 8:11-12).
1 Kings 11:1-2 Now King Solomon loved many foreign women along with the daughter of Pharaoh: Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite, Sidonian, and Hittite women, 2 from the nations concerning which the LORD had said to the sons of Israel, “You shall not associate with them, neither shall they associate with you, for they will surely turn your heart away after their gods.” Solomon held fast to these in love.
1 Kings 11:3-4 And he had seven hundred wives,princesses, and three hundred concubines, and his wives turned his heart away. 4 For it came about when Solomon was old, his wives turned his heart away after other gods; and his heart was not wholly devoted to the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father had been.
1 Kings 11:30-31 Then Ahijah took hold of the new cloak which was on him, and tore it into twelve pieces. And he said to Jeroboam, “Take for yourself ten pieces; for thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, ‘Behold, I will tear the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon and give you ten tribes.’”
1 Samuel 15 1 Kings 11 Ahijah & Jeroboam Ahijah tears his robe and gives 10 pieces to Jeroboam to illustrate how the kingdom will be torn apart Samuel & Saul Saul tears Samuel’s robe and it is used as a picture of the kingdom being torn from Saul Matthew 27Mark 15Luke 23 Jesus on the Cross The veil of the temple is torn from top to bottom to show the way to the kingdom of God has been opened
Dan ISRAEL Samaria Penuel Shechem Bethel JUDAH
Category Northern Kingdom of Israel Southern Kingdom of Judah Kings 19 Kings Jerusalem Capital Shechem/Samaria Judah & Benjamin Tribes Ten Northern Tribes Most were unstable; some were good, some were bad Legacy of Kings All were bad; Ahab and Ahaziah were idol worshipers 19 Kings, 1 Queen Conquered by Babylon in 586 B.C. Fall Conquered by Assyria in 721 B.C. Returned to the land Return No Return
Sidon SIDON ISRAEL Ethbaal (Itto-Baal) OMRI Israel Jezebel Ahab Judah