Nationalism and Revolution Around the World Section 3: India Seeks Self-Rule
Calls for Independence • After World War I, Britain promised Indians greater self-government. • They received only minor reforms instead. After a massacre in the city of Amritsar, the Congress party in India called for full independence. • Mohandas Gandhi brought Indians together to demand it.
The Power of Nonviolence • Gandhi launched a series of nonviolent actions, including a boycott of British goods, and attracted much support. • Gandhi chose to take a stand against the rule that Indians buy only British salt. • He led a long march to the sea, where thousands of Indians harvested sea salt. • Gandhi and others were jailed. Some marchers were beaten. • Britain was forced to give limited power to Indians.
Looking Ahead • Britain brought the Indians into World War II, and millions of Indians helped the British cause. India was granted independence after the war.