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Early American Imperialism. U.S. Overseas Intervention 1850-1860. 1852-1853 – Argentina troops landed during revolution 1853 – Nicaragua protection of Americans during political instability 1853-1854 – Japan Commodore Perry’s expedition to force opening of Japanese ports to U.S. ships

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u s overseas intervention 1850 1860
U.S. Overseas Intervention1850-1860

1852-1853 – Argentina

  • troops landed during revolution

1853 – Nicaragua

  • protection of Americans during political instability

1853-1854 – Japan

  • Commodore Perry’s expedition to force opening of Japanese ports to U.S. ships
  • secure commercial facilities
u s overseas intervention 1850 18601
U.S. Overseas Intervention1850-1860

1854 – Nicaragua

  • San Juan del Norte destroyed to avenge insult of American Minister to Nicaragua

1855 – Uruguay

  • naval forces land to protect American interests during attempted revolution

1859 – China

  • American intervention to protect American interests in Shanghai
u s overseas intervention 1850 1895
U.S. Overseas Intervention1850-1895

1860 – Angola

  • protection of American lives and property in Kissembo during native protests

(Why such a large gap between interventions?!?)

1893 – Hawaii

  • support for a revolt by White, American pineapple and sugar planters – led by Sanford Dole – to overthrow the monarch
would we be the kind of nation that takes over other people s land and controls it
…would we be the kind of nation that takes over other people’s land and controls it?

In 1898 the U.S. entered into the Spanish –American War, and upon our success had to make a decision…

i economic
I. Economic

A. Industrialization

1. need for new markets due to overproduction

2. desire for raw materials/natural resources

B. Competition with European nations

1. Africa & Asia were the targets

the sun never sets on the british empire
“The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire…”

By 1900, Britain controlled one-quarter of the world’s land and people.

i political
I. Political

A. Desire to “join the ranks of the world’s major powers”

B. “Race for land”

C. highlight military strength

1. jingoism ~ extreme and emotional nationalism characterized by aggressive foreign policy

2. Alfred Thayer Mahan

the influence of sea power on history alfred thayer mahan
The Influence of Sea Power on History~ Alfred Thayer Mahan

Claimed U.S. needed:

  • naval base in Caribbean
  • “Base of operations” in the Pacific
  • islands in the Pacific for refueling
  • Modern naval fleet
  • Construct a canal across Central America
i social
I. Social

A. feelings superiority & racism

1. Social Darwinism

2. Manifest Destiny

3. “White Man’s Burden” ~ Kipling

B. Closing of the frontier

1. need a “safety valve” to avoid social unrest at home

C. Fashionable ~ “The thing to do!”

white man s burden rudyard kipling
“White Man’s Burden”~ Rudyard Kipling

Take up the White Man’s burden-

Send forth the best ye breed –

Go, bind your sons to exile

To serve your captives’ need;

To wait, in heavy harness,

On fluttered folk and wild –

Your new-caught sullen peoples,

Half devil and half child.

white man s burden kipling
“White Man’s Burden”~ Kipling
  • Eurocentric view of the world
  • non-European cultures are seen as childlike
  • condescending view of non-Western national culture and economic traditions
  • whites have an obligation to encourage the cultural development of people from other ethnic and cultural backgrounds until they fully adopt Western ways
    • rich have a moral duty to help the poor “better” themselves (whether they want the help or not!)