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Story of Nooh عليه السلام . ICN Family Dars. Review. What is bidah ? What are some of the harms of Bidah ? Why do people commit bidah ? How do we get rid of bidah. Responsibilities of the Messengers عليهم السلام. Conveying Allah’s Message Clearly

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review
Review
  • What is bidah?
  • What are some of the harms of Bidah?
  • Why do people commit bidah?
  • How do we get rid of bidah
responsibilities of the messengers
Responsibilities of the Messengers عليهم السلام
  • Conveying Allah’s Message Clearly
  • يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ (67)
  • {O Messenger (Muhammad)! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message...} [Quran 5:67]
  • The Prophets عليهم السلام are free from concealing/hiding knowledge
  • إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْتُمُونَ مَا أَنْزَلْنَا مِنَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالْهُدَى مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا بَيَّنَّاهُ لِلنَّاسِ فِي الْكِتَابِ أُولَئِكَ يَلْعَنُهُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَلْعَنُهُمُ اللَّاعِنُونَ (159)
  • 159. Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which we have sent down, after we have made it clear for the people In the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allâh and cursed by the cursers. [Quran 2:159]
what does it mean to convey the message
What does it mean to convey the Message?
  • Being courageous
    • الَّذِينَ يُبَلِّغُونَ رِسَالَاتِ اللَّهِ وَيَخْشَوْنَهُ وَلَا يَخْشَوْنَ أَحَدًا إِلَّا اللَّهَ وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ حَسِيبًا (39)
    • Those who convey the Message of Allaah and fear Him, and fear none other than Allaah...} [Quran 33:39]
  • Reciting
    • اتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ
    • {Recite (O Muhammad) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Quran)...} [Quran 29:45]
  • Explaining the Message
    • بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالزُّبُرِ وَأَنْزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الذِّكْرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ (44)
    • {...And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad] the Dhikr (reminder and the advice (i.e. the Quran), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought} [Quran 16:44]
  • Being able to move on when people do not listen
    • فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيْكَ الْبَلَاغُ وَعَلَيْنَا الْحِسَابُ (40)
    • Your duty is Only to convey (the Message) and on us is the reckoning. [Quran 13:40]
calling people to allah
CALLING PEOPLE TO ALLAH
  • Doing dawah
    • Not only explaining the Message but actively presenting the Message to others
  • Calling them to the oneness of Allah
  • وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ
  • {And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a

Messenger (proclaiming): ‘Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away

from) Taaghoot (all false deities, i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides

Allaah)...} [Quran 16:36]

  • وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلَّا نُوحِي إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ (25)
  • • {And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad) but We revealed to him (saying): ‘LaaIlaahaIllaa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allaah)), so worship Me (Alone and none else)} [Quran21:25]
  • Every Messenger said to his people:
  • {So fear Allaah, keep your duty to Him, and obey me} [Quran 26: 108, 110, 126, 131, 144, 150, 163, and 179]
using different techniques in giving dawah
Using Different Techniques In Giving Dawah
  • Example of Nuhعليه السلام

إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَى قَوْمِهِ أَنْ أَنْذِرْ قَوْمَكَ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ (1)

  • 1. Verily, we sent Nûh (Noah) to his people (saying): "Warn Your people before there comes to them a painful torment."
  • قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ إِنِّي لَكُمْ نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ (2)
  • He said: "O My people! Verily, I am a plain warner to you,
  • يَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ مِنْ ذُنُوبِكُمْ وَيُؤَخِّرْكُمْ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى إِنَّ أَجَلَ اللَّهِ إِذَا جَاءَ لَا يُؤَخَّرُ لَوْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ (4)
  • 4. "He (Allâh) will forgive You of Your sins and relief You to an appointed term. Verily, the term of Allâh when it comes, cannot be delayed, if You but knew."
how did he specifically call them
How Did He Specifically Call Them?
  • قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّي دَعَوْتُ قَوْمِي لَيْلًا وَنَهَارًا (5)
  • 5. He said: "O My Lord! Verily, I have called My people night and Day (i.e. secretly and openly to Accept the doctrine of Islâmic Monotheism) ,
  • فَلَمْ يَزِدْهُمْ دُعَائِي إِلَّا فِرَارًا (6)
  • 6. "But All My calling added nothing but to (their) flight (from the truth).
  • وَإِنِّي كُلَّمَا دَعَوْتُهُمْ لِتَغْفِرَ لَهُمْ جَعَلُوا أَصَابِعَهُمْ فِي آذَانِهِمْ وَاسْتَغْشَوْا ثِيَابَهُمْ وَأَصَرُّوا

وَاسْتَكْبَرُوا اسْتِكْبَارًا (7)

7. "And Verily! Every time I called unto them that You might forgive them, they thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up with their garments, and persisted (in their refusal), and magnified themselves In pride.

  • ثُمَّ إِنِّي دَعَوْتُهُمْ جِهَارًا
  • 8. "Then Verily, I called to them openly (aloud);

ثُمَّ إِنِّي أَعْلَنْتُ لَهُمْ وَأَسْرَرْتُ لَهُمْ إِسْرَارًا (9)

  • 9. "Then Verily, I proclaimed to them In public, and I have appealed to them In private
  • فَقُلْتُ اسْتَغْفِرُوا رَبَّكُمْ إِنَّهُ كَانَ غَفَّارًا (10)
  • 10. "I said (to them): 'Ask Forgiveness from Your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving;
benefits of believing in the dawah
Benefits of Believing in the Dawah
  • يُرْسِلِ السَّمَاءَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِدْرَارًا (11) وَيُمْدِدْكُمْ بِأَمْوَالٍ وَبَنِينَ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ أَنْهَارًا (12) مَا لَكُمْ لَا تَرْجُونَ لِلَّهِ وَقَارًا (13) وَقَدْ خَلَقَكُمْ أَطْوَارًا (14) أَلَمْ تَرَوْا كَيْفَ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ طِبَاقًا (15) وَجَعَلَ الْقَمَرَ فِيهِنَّ نُورًا وَجَعَلَ الشَّمْسَ سِرَاجًا (16) وَاللَّهُ أَنْبَتَكُمْ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ نَبَاتًا (17) ثُمَّ يُعِيدُكُمْ فِيهَا وَيُخْرِجُكُمْ إِخْرَاجًا (18) وَاللَّهُ جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ بِسَاطًا (19) لِتَسْلُكُوا مِنْهَا سُبُلًا فِجَاجًا (20)
  • 12. 'And give You increase In wealth and children, and bestow on You Gardens and bestow on You rivers.' “ 13. what is the matter with you, [That You fear not Allâh (his punishment), and] You hope not for reward (from Allâh or You believe not In his Oneness). 14. while He has created You In (different) stages]. 15. see You not How Allâh has created the seven heavens one above another, 16. and has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp?
  • 17. and Allâh has brought You forth from the (dust of) earth. 18. afterwards He will return You into it (the earth), and bring You forth (again on the Day of Resurrection)? 19. and Allâh has made for You the earth wide spread (an expanse). 20. that You may Go about therein In broad roads.
what are some lessons we can derive from the story of nuh
What are some lessons we can derive from the story of Nuhعليه السلام
  • Derive at least five benefits from the previous ayahs
  • The Message needs to be clear
  • Importance of persistence, dedication, and commitment
  • People may respond to the message if it is delivered in different ways
  • There needs to be a reminder of the rewards of obedience and a warning of the consequences of disobedience
  • The results are not in our control
hadeeth about the roles of messengers
Hadeeth About the Roles of Messengers
  • I saw in a dream that Jibreel (Gabriel) was standing at my head and Meekaa‘eelwas standing at my feet. One of them said to the other, ‘Coin a likeness for him.’
  • He said, ‘Listen and understand. The likeness of you and your Ummah is like that of a king who has a house, in which he builds a room, where he places a table filled with food. He sends a Messenger to invite the people to share his food.
  • Some of them respond to the messenger and others do not.
  • Allaahis the King, the house is Islam, the room is Paradise, you, (O Muhammad) are the Messenger.
  • Whoever responds to you enters Islam, and whoever enters Islam will enter Paradise, and whoever enters Paradise will eat of whatever is there.”
  • Al-Bukhari and at-Tirmidhi
bringing good news and warnings
Bringing Good News and Warnings
  • وَمَا نُرْسِلُ الْمُرْسَلِينَ إِلَّا مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنْذِرِينَ
  • 56. and we send not the Messengers except as giver of glad tidings and warners.
  • “My likeness and that of the message with which Allaah has sent me is that of a man who comes to some people and says, ‘O’ people, I have seen the army with my own eyes, and I am a clear warner, so save yourselves!’
  • So some of his people obey him and flee by night, they move at their own pace and are saved;
  • and some of them disbelieve in him, so they stay where they are, and the next morning the army comes upon them and destroys them.
  • This is the likeness of the one who obeys me and follows the message I have brought, and the likeness of the one who disobeys me and disbelieves in the message of truth that I have brought.” (Al-Bukhaari and Muslim
some benefits of obedience in this world
Some benefits of obedience in this world
  • Good life
  • مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ

أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ (97)

  • {Whoever works righteousness - whether male or female while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision)...}[Quran16:97]
  • فَمَنِ اتَّبَعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا يَضِلُّ وَلَا يَشْقَى (123)
  • Then whoever follows My Guidance he shall neither go astray, nor shall be distressed} [Quran 20:123]
  • Security
  • {Allaah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the land, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practice their religion which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely, give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they(believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me...} [Quran 24:55]
without light people will be blind
Without Light People Will Be Blind
  • فَإِنَّهَا لَا تَعْمَى الْأَبْصَارُ وَلَكِنْ تَعْمَى الْقُلُوبُ الَّتِي فِي الصُّدُورِ (46)
  • {...Verily, it is not the eyes that grow blind, but it is the hearts which are in the breasts that grow blind} [Quran 22:46]
  • When a person is blind and travelling on a path he does not know what is beneficial and what is harmful
  • وَيَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَنْفَعُهُمْ وَلَا يَضُرُّهُمْ {And they (disbelievers, polytheists) worship besides Allaah, that which can neither profit them nor harm them...} [Quran 25:55]
correcting wrong beliefs and practices
Correcting Wrong Beliefs and Practices
  • Each Messenger called his people to the straight path; he explained it to them and called them to follow it.
  • And every Messenger corrected the deviation that was occurring in his time and in

his land. There is no limit to deviation from the straight path, for it takes many forms.

  • Each Messenger strove to correct the deviation that existed at his time.
  • ProphetNooh, may Allaah exalt his mention, denounced his people for worshipping idols, as did Prophet Ibraaheem, may Allaah exalt his mention,;
  • Prophet Houd, may Allaahexalt his mention, denounced his people for their arrogance and tyranny in the land; Prophet Saalih, may Allaah exalt his mention, denounced them for their corruption in the land and for their following the corrupt;
  • Prophet Lut, may Allaah exalt his mention, fought against the sin of sodomy which was widespread amongst his people;
  • Prophet Shu‘ayb, may Allaah exalt his mention, fought against his people’s practice of cheating in weights and measures, and so on.
  • All of these sins and others which the nations committed go beyond the limits of the straight path and are a deviation from it. The Messengers explained this path and fought against deviation from it in any way.
establishing proof
Establishing Proof
  • رُسُلًا مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنْذِرِينَ لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَى اللَّهِ حُجَّةٌ بَعْدَ الرُّسُلِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا (165)
  • {Messengers as bearers of good news as well as of warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allaah after the (coming of) Messengers...} [Quran 4:165]
  • وَلَوْ أَنَّا أَهْلَكْنَاهُمْ بِعَذَابٍ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ لَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا لَوْلَا أَرْسَلْتَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولًا فَنَتَّبِعَ آيَاتِكَ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ نَذِلَّ وَنَخْزَى (134)
  • {And if We had destroyed them with a torment before this (i.e. Messenger Muhammad and the Quran), they would surely, have said: ‘Our Lord! If only You had sent us a Messenger, we should certainly have followed Your Aayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), before we were humiliated and disgraced’} [Quran 20:134]
guiding the affairs of the ummah
Guiding the Affairs of the Ummah
  • مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ
  • {He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad), has indeed obeyed Allaah...} [Quran 4:80]
  • No one can attain the pleasure and love of Allaah without obeying the Messenger:
  • قُلْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ (31)
  • {Say (O Muhammad to mankind): ‘If you (really) love Allaah, then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Quran and the Sunnah), Allaah will love you...’} [Quran 3:31]
  • إِنَّمَا كَانَ قَوْلَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذَا دُعُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَهُمْ أَنْ يَقُولُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا وَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ (51)
  • {The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allaah (His Words, the Quran) and His Messenger, to judge between them, is that they say: ‘We hear and we obey’...}[Quran 24:51]