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Country gallery Vietnam. Basic socio-demographic indicators, 2007-2008. Source: 1. 2007 UN Population Division cited in WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF, Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV and AIDS: Vietnam, July 2008 2. UNDP, Human Development Report 2007/2008.

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Country gallery Vietnam


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    1. Country gallery Vietnam

    2. Basic socio-demographic indicators, 2007-2008 Source: 1. 2007 UN Population Division cited in WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF, Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV and AIDS: Vietnam, July 2008 2. UNDP, Human Development Report 2007/2008

    3. HIV prevalence and epidemiological status

    4. HIV prevalence among various groups, 2007 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. National Sentinel Surveillance Report. 2007

    5. HIV prevalence among most-at-risk populations, 2005-2006 Source: UNAIDS, UNGASS Country Report Vietnam January 2006 to December 2007

    6. HIV prevalence among various high risk and low-risk populations, 2001-2006 Source: UNAIDS, UNGASS Country Report Vietnam January 2006 to December 2007

    7. Trend of HIV prevalence among IDUs, 1994-2004 Source: Vietnam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC), Ministry of Health, 2005

    8. HIV prevalence among IDUs, 2005-2006 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    9. Trend of HIV prevalence among IDUs in cities,1992-2005 • National HIV prevalence among IDUs = 32.32% (2004) • HIV prevalence among IDUs in Ho chi Minh City soaring since 1993. Source: UNAIDS Epidemiological Fact sheets Vietnam 2006 update

    10. Trend of HIV prevalence among FSWs, 1994-2004 Source: Vietnam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC), Ministry of Health, 2005

    11. HIV prevalence among FSWs, 2005-2006 Street-based sex workers have higher prevalence rate as compared to karaoke-based sex workers in Vietnam Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    12. HIV prevalence among STI patients, 1994-2005 • National HIV prevalence among STI patients = 2.56 (2004) • HIV prevalence among STI patients in Aung Giang and Hai Phong declining whereas in other cities on the rise, soaring in Kien Giang Source: UNAIDS Epidemiological Fact sheets Vietnam 2006 update

    13. HIV prevalence among TB patients, 1992-2005 • National HIV prevalence among TB patients = 5.30 (2004) • HIV prevalence among TB patients in Ho Chi Minh city declining whereas in other cities on the rise. Source: UNAIDS Epidemiological Fact sheets Vietnam 2006 update

    14. HIV prevalence among pregnant women,1994-2005 HIV prevalence among pregnant women (2005) National average = 0.44% Source: 1. UNAIDS Epidemiological Fact sheets Vietnam 2006 update 2. UNAIDS, UNGASS Country

    15. Trend of HIV prevalence among prenatal women, 1994-2004 Source: General Department of Preventive Medicine and HIV/AIDS control, MOH

    16. HIV prevalence among general population15-49 yrs, 2005 Source: GSO/NIHE, Vietnam Population and AIDS Indicators Survey, 2005.

    17. Projected HIV prevalence among general population 15-49 yrs, 2005-2006 Source: MoH, FHI, USAID, HIV/AIDS Estimates and Projections 2005-2010. 2005

    18. HIV prevalence among population 15-24 yrs, 2001-2005 Source: UNAIDS, UNGASS Country Report Vietnam, 2005

    19. Estimated number of people living with HIV, 2003-2005 Source: UNAIDS Epidemiological Fact sheets Vietnam 2006 update and UNAIDS Global AIDS Epidemic Report, 2006

    20. Estimated number of people living with HIV, 1990-2005 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. HIV/AIDS Estimates and Projections 2005-2010. 2005

    21. Cumulative number of people living with HIV, 1991-2010 Source: MoH, FHI, USAID, HIV/AIDS Estimates and Projections 2005-2010. 2005

    22. % HIV infection by vulnerable groups, 2005 Source: Vietnam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC), Ministry of Health, 2005

    23. % of new HIV infectionsby risk group and by year, 1995-2019 Source: Data has been taken from Baseline Scenario using Asian Epidemic Model , 2007

    24. % of HIV infections by age group, 1995-2005 Source: Vietnam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC), Ministry of Health, 2005

    25. Estimated new HIV infections, by risk group, 2007 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. HIV/AIDS Estimates and Projections 2005-2010. 2005

    26. Vulnerability

    27. % of most-at-risk populations with comprehensive knowledge, 2005-2006 Comprehensive knowledge of HIV & AIDS is very low among most-at-risk populations across the country. Comprehensive knowledge of HIV&AIDS: Percentage of people who both correctly identify ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV and who reject major misconceptions (UNGASS definition) Source: MoH, HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2005-2006

    28. % of most-at-risk populations with comprehensive knowledge, 2005 vs. 2007 The knowledge among FSWs and IDUs has increased and for MSM currently stands at 55% Comprehensive knowledge of HIV&AIDS: Percentage of people who both correctly identify ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV and who reject major misconceptions (UNGASS definition) Source: 1. UNAIDS, UNGASS Country Report Vietnam January 2006 to December 2007 2. UNAIDS, Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006

    29. % of population 15-49 yrs with comprehensive knowledge, by region, 2005 Comprehensive knowledge of HIV&AIDS: Percentage of people who both correctly identify ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV and who reject major misconceptions (UNGASS definition) Source: GSO/NIHE, Vietnam Population and AIDS Indicators Survey, 2005.

    30. % of population 15-49 yrs and 15-24 yrs with comprehensive knowledge, by city, 2005 Comprehensive knowledge of HIV&AIDS: Percentage of people who both correctly identify ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV and who reject major misconceptions (UNGASS definition) Source: GSO/NIHE, Vietnam Population and AIDS Indicators Survey, 2005.

    31. % of population 15-49 yrs with knowledge of HIV prevention, by education, 2005 Source: GSO/NIHE, Vietnam Population and AIDS Indicators Survey, 2005.

    32. % of population 15-24 yrs with comprehensive knowledge, by wealth quintile, 2005 Comprehensive knowledge of HIV&AIDS: Percentage of people who both correctly identify ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV and who reject major misconceptions (UNGASS definition) Source: GSO/NIHE, Vietnam Population and AIDS Indicators Survey, 2005.

    33. % of population 15-49 yrs who would buy fresh vegetables from a person with HIV/AIDS, 2005 Education levels completed Source: GSO/NIHE, Vietnam Population and AIDS Indicators Survey, 2005.

    34. % of population 15-49 yrs who think that a person with AIDS should be allowed to continue working, 2005 Source: GSO/NIHE, Vietnam Population and AIDS Indicators Survey, 2005.

    35. Risk behaviors

    36. % of IDUs who shared equipment and drug at last injection, 2005-2006 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    37. % of IDUS who shared equipment and drug during the past 6 months, 2005 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    38. % of IDUs who had sex with various female partners in the past 12 months Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    39. % of IDUs who have adopted safe behaviors to prevent HIV, 2005-2006 Safe behaviors include: Using sterile equipment for injection and using condoms consistently during sexual intercourse Source: UNAIDS, UNGASS Country Report Vietnam, 2005

    40. % of IDUs reporting consistent use of a condom with different sex partners, 2005-2006 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    41. % of IDUs reporting the use of a condom the last time they had sexual intercourse, 2005-2006 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    42. % of karaoke-based FSWs reporting the use of a condom during the most recent intercourse with various clients, 2005-2006 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    43. % of karaoke-based FSWs reporting consistent use of a condom with various clients in the past 12 months, 2005-2006 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    44. % of street-based FSWs reporting the use of a condom during the most recent intercourse with various clients, 2005-2006 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    45. % of street-based FSWs reporting consistent use of a condom with various clients in the past 12 months, 2005-2006 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    46. % of MSM who had sex with various female partners in the past 12 months, 2005-2006 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    47. % of MSM who reported use of a condom with various female partners the last time and consistently in the past 12 months, 2005-2006 Source: Ministry of Health, Vietnam. Results from the HIV/STI Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) in Vietnam, 2006

    48. % of males in high-risk occupations reporting the use of a condom the last time they had sex with FSW, 2000 Source: National AIDS Standing Bureau , FHI, HIV/AIDS Behavioral Surveillance round 1 Vietnam, 2000

    49. % of men in high-risk occupations reporting sex with different people in the past 12 months 2000 Source: National AIDS Standing Bureau , FHI, HIV/AIDS Behavioral Surveillance round 1 Vietnam, 2000

    50. % of men 15-49 yrs who reported commercial sex in the past 12 months, 2005 City of residence Wealth quintile Source: GSO/NIHE, Vietnam Population and AIDS Indicators Survey, 2005.