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Gallery Walk. Fundamentals of Genetics. Question 1. Hitchhiker's thumb (H) is dominant to no hitchhiker's thumb (h). A woman who does not have hitchhiker's thumb marries a man who is heterozygous for hitchhiker's thumb. What is the probable genotypic ratio of their children ?

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Gallery walk

Gallery Walk

Fundamentals of Genetics

Question 1
Question 1

Hitchhiker's thumb (H) is dominant to no hitchhiker's thumb (h). A woman who does not have hitchhiker's thumb marries a man who is heterozygous for hitchhiker's thumb. What is the probable genotypic ratio of their children?

A. 0% Hh: 100% hh

B. 50% Hh: 50% hh

C. 75% Hh: 25% hh

D. 100% Hh: 0% hh

Question 2
Question 2

Gregor Mendel developed an understanding of heredity through his experiments with pea plants. Two pairs of homologous chromosomes had a genotype of AaBb. All of the following are possible allele combinations that could be formed if this cell undergoes meiosis except-

  • AB

  • Ab

  • aB

  • AA

Question 3
Question 3

A person can have either straight or bent pinky fingers. A woman who is homozygous for bent pinky fingers has children with a man who has straight pinky fingers. All of their children have bent pinky fingers. The trait for bent pinky fingers is an example of a trait that is

A. dominant

B. recessive

C. co-dominant

D. incompletely dominant

Question 4
Question 4

The characteristic for curly hair (C) is dominant to the characteristic for straight hair (c). A cross between two individuals for hair type is shown in the Punnettsquare to the right.

What must the genotype of the parents be to produce the results shown in the Punnett square?

  • homozygous dominant x homozygous dominant

  • homozygous dominant x heterozygous

  • homozygous recessive x homozygous dominant

  • heterozygous x heterozygous

Question 5
Question 5

A geneticist studying fruit flies hypothesizes that short wings are a recessive trait coded for by a single gene. Which observation is most likely to have led her to form this hypothesis?

  • Flies have wing lengths ranging from very long to very short.

  • Flies with long wings are less likely to survive.

  • Flies with long wings can produce offspring with short wings.

  • Flies with short wings prefer to mate with flies with long wings.

Question 6
Question 6

Female cattle that have white coats are crossed with male cattle that have red coats. Both male and female offspring have roan coats, which are coats with both red hairs and white hairs.

Which of the following best describes the genetics of coat color in the cattle?

A. The red and white alleles are sex-linked.

B. The red and white alleles are co-dominant.

C. The red allele is recessive to the white allele.

D. The red allele is dominant to the white allele.

Question 7
Question 7

In tomato plants, the tall vine allele (T) is dominant to the short vine allele (t). Two tomato plants are crossed. Among the offspring plants grown from seed, 45% have tall vines and 55% have short vines.

What are the most likely genotypes of the parent plants?

A. TT and tt

B. Tt and TT

C. Tt and tt

D. tt and tt

Question 8
Question 8

In canaries, the gene for singing (S) is dominant over the gene for non-singing (s). When hybrid singing canaries are mated with non-singing canaries, what percentage of the offspring is likely to possess the singing trait?

A. 0%

B. 25%

C. 50%

D. 100%

Question 9
Question 9

Only red tulips result from a cross between homozygous red and homozygous white tulips. This illustrates the principle of—

A. dominance.

B. segregation.

C. independent assortment.

D. incomplete dominance.

Question 10
Question 10

In minks, the gene for brown fur (B) is dominant over the gene for silver fur (b). Which set of genotypes represents a cross of two brown minks that could produce offspring with silver fur?

A. Bb × Bb

B. BB × Bb

C. BB × bb

D. Bb × bb

Question 11
Question 11

If B represents the dominant allele for a trait, and b represents the recessive allele, in which pair of crosses must all of the offspring produced have the same phenotype?

A. Bb × bb and BB × Bb

B. BB × BB and Bb × Bb

C. Bb × bb and Bb × Bb

D. BB × Bb and BB × bb

Question 12
Question 12

Which of the following statements best explains why offspring produced by sexual reproduction often look similar to, but not exactly the same as, their parents?

A. The offspring have genetic material from both the

mother and the father.

B. The cells of the offspring contain all the dominant

genes from the parents.

C. The cells of the offspring undergo mitosis many

times as the offspring grow and develop.

D. The offspring have a period of embryonic

development, rather than being

Question 13
Question 13

In which situation could a mutation be passed on to the offspring of an organism?

A. A cell in the uterine wall of a human female

undergoes a chromosomal alteration.

B. Ultraviolet radiation causes skin cells to undergo

uncontrolled mitotic division.

C. The DNA of a human lung cell undergoes random


D. A primary sex cell in a human forms a gamete that

contains 24 chromosomes.

Question 14
Question 14

Which best explains how meiosis is a contributing factor to genetic variation within a species?

  • Meiosis reduces the number of mutations within an organism.

  • Meiosis produces daughter cells that will contain identical chromosomes.

  • Meiosis results in offspring that contain alleles from only one parent gamete.

  • Meiosis allows for crossing over of chromosomes, resulting in new gene combinations.

Question 15
Question 15

A litter of guinea pigs can vary in color. Some are solid white and some are brown and white, while others are black and white. The color and the pattern of each guinea pig are distinct from those of its parents and siblings. What process is responsible for the differences seen in each guinea pig?

  • Meiosis

  • Mitosis

  • Replication

  • Translation

Question 16
Question 16

Which type of cell must contain a mutation in order for the mutation to be passed from a woman to her offspring?

A. blood cell

B. brain cell

C. egg cell

D. skin cell

Question 17
Question 17

The diagram to the right provides information about a carrot cell. A carrot cell contains 18 chromosomes. Which of the following diagrams illustrates the correct number of chromosomes in new cells produced by meiosis?

Question 18
Question 18

Two organisms with striped fur mate and produce four offspring. Three of the offspring have striped fur but one has no stripes. The non-striped coat is probably what type of trait?

  • Codominant

  • Sex-linked

  • Dominant

  • Recessive

Question 19
Question 19

The chromosomes below are found in a cell of Purple Vetch, a Texas wild flower. What is the maximum number of different combinations of the alleles that could be found in gametes produced by the flower?

A. 8

B. 6

C. 4

D. 2

Question 20
Question 20

The breed of chicken found to the right is identified by their short legs and five toes.

Based on the information in the table above, which of the following crosses will produce 25% of its offspring with four toes?

  • TT x TT

  • TT x Tt

  • Tt x Tt

  • tt x tt

Question 21
Question 21

A cross between two mice with long tails and brown fur produced the four types of offspring listed below.

  • Long-tailed with brown fur

  • Long-tailed with white fur

  • Short-tailed with brown fur

  • Short-tailed with white fur

    Which genetic mechanism best explains the results of this cross?

  • Crossing-over

  • Dependent assortment

  • Gene linkage

  • Independent assortment

  • Question 22
    Question 22

    Meiosis is an essential part of sexual reproduction. This is because meiosis creates sex cells that have -

    • One-fourth the normal number of chromosomes

    • One-third the normal number of chromosomes

    • Three-fourths the normal number of chromosomes

    • One-half the normal number of chromosomes

    Question 23
    Question 23

    Black fur in mice (B) is dominant to brown fur (b). Short tails (T) is dominant to long tails (t). What proportion of the progeny of the cross BbTt x BBtt will have black fur and long tails?

    • 0%

    • 25%

    • 50%

    • 75%

    • 100%

    Question 24
    Question 24

    A couple has three children, all of whom have brown eyes and blond hair. Both parents are homozygous for brown eyes (BB), and one is blond (rr) while the other is a redhead (Rr). What is the probability that the next child will be a brown-eyed redhead?

    • 25%

    • 50%

    • 75%

    • 100%

    Question 25
    Question 25

    In pea plants, the long-stem trait (L) is dominant over the short-stem trait (l). Two pea plants were crossed and produced seeds that yielded 165 long-stem plants and 54 short-stem plants. The genotypes of the parent plants were most likely —

    A. LL and ll.

    B. Ll and LL.

    C. ll and ll.

    D. Ll and Ll.

    Question 26
    Question 26

    • The following displays a:

    • A. normal female

    • B. normal male

    • C. male with a mutation

    • D. female w a mutation

    • **if there is a mutation – what is it/does it cause? (be specific)

    Questions 27
    Questions 27

    • During meiosis, if chromosomes fail to separate it is known as ______________.

    • When three chromosomes are present on the 21st pair it is known as _________________.

    Questions 28
    Questions 28

    • When an individual is missing a chromosome they only have a total of __________ chromosomes

    • If pair #9 was missing one it would be called _____________.

    Question 29
    Question 29.

    • According to the gel below– who is guilty?

      • A. Suspect 1

      • B. Suspect 2

      • C. Suspect 1 and 2

      • D. no one that was tested for this crime.