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Scientific Method MIQ’s. Why do scientists follow the scientific method? What are the steps to the Scientific method? How can I remember the steps in order?. Problem. Step 1 This is what we want an answer for. Problem continued. This must be a question. It must include a question mark.

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scientific method miq s

Scientific MethodMIQ’s

Why do scientists follow the scientific method?

What are the steps to the

Scientific method?

How can I remember the steps in order?

problem
Problem
  • Step 1
  • This is what we want an answer for.
problem continued
Problem continued.
  • This must be a question.
  • It must include a question mark.

???

research
Research
  • Step 2
  • Information to help answer questions.
  • Also called background research.
  • This can be “bookwork” (or internet) or it can be lab or field observations(real world stuff…remember that?
research cont
Research cont.
  • Start by outlining the experiment and doing an experimental design diagram.
  • Determine the controls and variables. Controls or constants are the things that are kept the same throughout the experiment.
research cont1
Research cont.
  • The variables are the things that you change or that change because of the experiment.
hypothesis
Hypothesis
  • Step 3
  • This is called a predication as to how one variable will affect another.
  • It is often written as and if…then statement.
experiment
Experiment
  • Step 4
  • Here’s where the fun begins.
  • This is the process of setting up a controlled situation to support your hypothesis.
experiment cont
Experiment cont.
  • Determine what data you have to collect and design a data table to support (or refute) the hypothesis.
  • Data should be specifically measurable. This means you observe, AND record color, height, weight, etc (###)
experiment cont dependent and independent variables
Experiment cont.Dependent and Independent Variables
  • The independent variable is the one you (the experimenter) determines.
  • It is sometimes called the manipulated variable.
experimental variables cont
Experimental variables cont.
  • The dependent variable is what changes as the result of the experiment.
  • Both variables should have columns in a data table.
analysis
Analysis
  • Step 5
  • Graph, graph, graph
  • What does the data show you?
analysis cont
Analysis cont.
  • Did the independent variable cause the change in the dependent variable?
  • So to simplify…analyzing results means look at the data what does it tell you?
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Using the data and the graph generated, answer the question that was originally asked.
  • Always refer to the data and the hypothesis when writing the conclusion.
report results in writing
Report results in writing
  • Include all of the above in a standard format that demonstrates a clear connection between independent and dependent variables.
report cont
Report cont.
  • Note all possible errors and biases.
  • What are further hypotheses or experiments to further support this one?
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