Library 2.0: Its Application in Library Presented by Apollo K. Abungu at the Web2.0/Library 2.0 Workshop. 15th -17th June 2011,IRDP-DODOMA
Contents • Introduction • Web/Library 2.0 Application in Information centres • Conclusion • Hands on
Introduction Web 2.0 A second generation of services available on the web that lets people collaborate and share information online. • Web as platform • Harnesses collective intelligence • Facilitates knowledge sharing • Promotes high levels of engagement and user loyalties • Constantly changing RSS Feeds Image sites Mashups Blogs Podcasting Content tagging Social networking Vodcasts
Web 2.0 Tech application Web 2.0 technologies share other characteristics • Harnessing the collective intelligence • Google uses the link structure of the web • Amazon uses people’s reviews of their products • E-bay uses people’s willingness to engage in commerce • Flikr and de.li.cious use people’s ability to classify their artifacts taking others into account • Wikipedia uses people’s desire to exchange their knowledge with and trust in each other • These are network effects that are a source of value
Introduction: Library 2.0 • Library 2.0 simply means making your library's space (virtual and physical) more interactive, collaborative, and driven by community needs. • Examples of where to start include blogs, Social networks, and collaborative photo sites. • The basic drive is to get people back into the library by making the library relevant to what they want and need in their daily lives...to make the library a destination and not an afterthought.
Library 2.0 cont…. • “The application of interactive, collaborative, and multimedia web-based technologies to web-based library services and collections” Maness 2006 • Four essential elements: • user-centred • provides a multi-media experience • socially rich • communally innovative • Many sites provide free Library 2.0 Webinars and tutorials, for example, see College at home
Library application - Weblogs • Individual or a group of individuals • Personal content organised in reverse chronological order • Most permit visitors to post comments thus engaging staff and users in conversations • Library uses them for: promote the aim of library listing book reviews Weblogs bringing news to users initiating book discussions facilitating communication amongst librarians promoting entertainment Writing portfolio providing links to recommended sources • encouraging the development of a community
Blog use in Libraries • The Librarian posts various announcements, information, Tutorials, for user consumption. • This interactive medium of communication gives an opportunity to users to express their opinions about services. • Articles on various topics that provide extensive knowledge on particular subject areas. Enable users , in turn, to post their comments on these articles • Used as a writing portfolio, blogs are found to be very helpful in expressing thoughts by students/users about their subject of study • Users and staff are able to give their reflections on library services and help improve delivery of the same.
Examples-Library blog. • AKU IEDEA Library Blog • University of Calgary Library Collections News • Harvard Kennedy School Library Blog • Personal Weblog
WIKI Often used to create collaborative websites. • A useful tool for sharing library knowledge or engaging users. • Hawaiian word meaning “quick” • A server software that allows users to freely create and edit Web page content using any Web browser.
Library applications - Wikis • A Web site that allows users to add and update content on the site which is mainly created by collaborative effort of site visitors • Issues • Trust • Security • Ease of installation and use • Cost creating resource lists Wikis tips for resource finding comment on library services
Library Applications - Podcasts • “A series of digital-media files which are distributed over the Internet using syndication feeds for playback on portable media players and computers” - Wikipedia Tours Tutorials Weekly updates Library guides Podcasts Book reviews Events Lectures Conferences/Seminars Interviews
Podcasts The following softwares are free • Audacity. (http://audacity.sourceforge.net/). • Easy Podcast: http://sourceforge.net/projects/easypodcast/ • Windows live movie maker(Win7). Examples AKU Podcast
Equipment needed • Video camera/phone with v/camera • Computer with internet connection • Voice recorder
RSS Really Simple Syndication Rich Site Summary RDF Site Summary User-initiated subscriptions that provide updates, news headlines, or other content directly to the user for browsing at their convenience.
RSS Family Tree Recognized by various terminology: XML, ATOM, RSS feed, RSS channel, RSS stream, syndicated feed, & webfeed Several versions are used: RSS 0.9, RSS 1.0, RSS 2.0, Atom
Benefits of Using RSS • Receive updates without visiting each web site • Can monitor large number of sites very effectively • Short summaries or “table of contents” • Alternative to email notifications • Reduce spam building opportunities • Reduce “out of office” messages • No rejection of messages by email filters • Not “tracked” like an email subscription
RSS Uses • Blog entries • Photos • Podcasts • Music • Library Circulation Records • Table of Contents • Any data that is constantly updated or added to website
How do I access RSS? • RSS readers, feed readers, feed aggregators or news readers • Desktop, Web Based, Built-in, or Email Based
Examples of Sites with Feeds • Repoa • UDSM • ESPN • Plain Dealer Updates • Chemical Abstract Service • IEEE Journals • OhioLINK EJC
Library application – Social networking • Range of web-based software programs that allows users to interact and share data with other users Examples: Facebook and MySpace, Flickr,YouTube,Slideshare, Delicious, Netvibes, LibraryThing, Connotea Tagging items Profiling preferred searches Aiding group learning Distributing search alerts Staff collaboration Social networking Providing recommendations Enabling peer editing Creating lists of popular books Student collaboration • Promoting library events or services
How many web 2.0 logos did you recognize? • < 5 • 6 - 20 • 21 - 35 • > 35
Facebook is a social networking site intended to connect friends, family, and business associates. It is the largest of the networking sites, with over 500m subscribers • Facebook was founded in 2004 by Harvard student Mark Zuckerberg and originally called thefacebook. It was quickly successful on campus and expanded beyond Harvard into other Ivy League schools. • With the phenomenon growing in popularity, Zuckerberg enlisted two other students, Duston Moskovitz and Chris Hughes, to assist. Within months, thefacebook became a nationwide college networking website.
Getting started with Facebook Login here if already on FB Sign up by filling your details if new to FB
Libraries on Facebook in Tanzania • UDSM • DUCE • TLSB • Aga Khan University • Mzumbe
Twitter What is this Twitter? Uses of twitter
You can "tweet" from your Twitter page, your mobile phone, IM account, or via a third-party Twitter client. Tweeting Libraries Washington State University Libraries The North Carolina State Engineering Library Paris Carnegie Public Library Boone County Public- North Kentucky Edmonton Public Library-Alberta Canada Further reading: www.libsuccess.org/index.php - Lists of libraries using twitter and telling their stories
YouTube • Video management and sharing application which allows you to upload videos and share with anyone on the web. • Why U-tubes in Library? • Convenience and Access • It's a Free Web Tool • Distance Learners • Online Presence • Visual Literacy
How Libraries can use YouTube • Library Orientation • Tutorials • Digital Projects University of Sydney Library's "Search smarter, Search faster" Cornell University Library's "Research Minutes: How to Identify Scholarly Journal Articles" University of Florida's Education Library
Flickr A photo management and sharing application which allows you to upload photos and share with anyone on the web. • Application in libraries • Promoting services • Digital storage • Communicating useful information • Provide evidence • Open a conversation • Sharing an experience • Understand a situation more deeply
Del.icio.us • Del.icio.us: This online social bookmarking tool makes it easy to mark sites you find interesting to use for later research or to send to friends and project partners. • http://www.delicious.com/
Other Bookmarking sites/tools • Clipmarks: Clip out tool. You can clip and email bits to yourself as you go making online research more active. • Wizlite: Enables you to highlight and tag just like you would a real book. • i-Lighter: Help make online reading a little more hands on with this highlighting program. It allows you to mark parts of online text you found interesting or want to revisit later. • Web-Chops: Web-Chops allows you to clip out any part of a webpage then save and share these clips. • Furl: Keep track of webpages you were interested in, share them with classmates and keep them organized for research. • Ma.gnolia: Search through sites others have bookmarked as interesting or use the site to highlight your own information from the Web and keep it in an easy to find place. • Blinklist: Make lists of sites that are relevant to whatever you’re working on with Blinklist. If you have a blog, you can even have the links appear automatically on it, making them super easy to access later.
Library application - LinkedIn is an online social network for professionals, designed specifically for professional networking. LinkedIn allows you to: • Get online recommendations for your professional abilities and your character. • Get introductions to potential employers or colleagues in your field • Search available job postings placed on the LinkedIn website by members. • Join various groups that align with your interests and participate in discussions. LinkedIn groups-ALA,CILIP relevant to Librarians. • Create online resume that work for you all the time. LinkedIn allows hiring companies and recruiters to search for professionals who might fit their criteria.
LinkedIn cont…. You can now access and contact 100 million professionals at 2 million companies • Finding the right people just got easier? “I've found contractors, experts and business partners with the tools in my Premium account.” Tim Smith, CEO, GridCentric
Slideshare • World's largest community for sharing Presentations. • Allows users to upload files in formats like PowerPoint, PDF, document or video presentations • www.slideshare.com/
LibraryThing • LibraryThing is a social cataloging web application for storing and sharing book catalogs and various types of book metadata. • Developed by Tim Spalding and went live on August 29, 2005. • As of April 2011 it had over 1.3m users and more than 61 million books catalogued • It is used by individuals, authors, libraries and publishers.
The features of LibraryThing • Cataloging of books by importing data from libraries through Z39.50 connections and from six Amazon.com stores. • Library sources supply MARC and Dublin Core records to LT • Users can import information from 690 libraries, including the LC, National Library of Australia, the Canadian National Catalogue, the British Library, etc. • Possible to add book information by using a blank form if info is unavailable from any library.
Who is using social media out there? • ShashiTharoor- Member of Parliament in India and a former Under-Secretary-General of the UN. Was the first Indian politician to use Twitter in a professional context and now has over a million followers. “Social media has become a vital tool in my country’s public diplomacy,” • BarackObama- US President 2008 campaign. Obama still updates policies and direction the US is taking using Facebook. • David Cameron- British PM used social media to crowd source the citizen on their views on repugnant laws that need review or repealing. • Goodluck Jonathan- Nigerian President constantly crowd source opinion of his citizens on diverse issues • Uhuru Kenyatta- Deputy PM & Finance Minister, Kenya. Tweeted & Facebooked Kenyan public to give their views on budget recently. • ZittoKabwe- MP, Kigoma North is an avid user of Facebook and has posts almost hourly around policies and issues of governance. Social Media is here to stay
Competencies for 2.0 Librarian • Flexible • Willing to learn • Not afraid of making mistakes • Willing to play- experiment • User-centered philosophy of convenience • Ability to explain 2.0 & its applications with traditional services
Some useful statistics Incase you still think these tools are a fad, think twice
Slideshare stats • 50 million people use SlideShare every month for research and ideas sharing. • The website gets an estimated 12 million unique visitors a month.
Conclusion • Library 2.0 requires internal reorganization in a library • It requires a fundamental change in a library’s mission • It requires a fundamental change in handling authority • It requires technological agility “the fact of the matter is that technology is L2’s impetus” • It challenges library orthodoxy on almost every level • It requires a radical change in the way ILSs and vendors work (openness)
Conclusion cont…. • L2 is not an option. If we don’t acknowledge the weighty significance of L2, we will not just be running the risk of sliding into obscurity, we just won’t be that important to society. We will become the functional equivalent of back-room storage full of green hanging-file-folder boxes Blyberg (2006)