slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 37

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 107 Views
  • Uploaded on

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY. FIREFIGHTER REHABILITATION Robert Sepulveda, VFA Instructor. Objectives. Define emergency incident rehabilitation. Describe why fire fighters need emergency incident rehabilitation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY' - tamara-burgess


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

VERDUGOFIRE

ACADEMY

FIREFIGHTER REHABILITATION

Robert Sepulveda, VFA Instructor

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

objectives
Objectives
  • Define emergency incident rehabilitation.
  • Describe why fire fighters need emergency incident rehabilitation.
  • List and describe the types of extended fire incidents where fire fighters need emergency incident rehabilitation.
  • Describe four other types of incidents where fire fighters would benefit from emergency incident rehabilitation.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

objectives1
Objectives
  • Describe the functions of a rehabilitation center.
  • List the four parts of revitalization.
  • Describe the types of fluids that are well suited for fire fighters to drink during emergency incident rehabilitation.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

objectives2
Objectives
  • Describe the types of food that are well suited for fire fighters to eat during emergency incident rehabilitation.
  • Describe the personal responsibilities related to emergency incident rehabilitation.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

introduction
Introduction
  • You must take care of yourself so you can help others.
  • Rehabilitate: To restore to a condition of health or to a state of useful and constructive activity.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

introduction1
Introduction
  • Without rest and recovery:
    • Fatigue
    • Headaches
    • Gastrointestinal problems

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

factors cause and need for rehabilitation
Factors, Cause, and Need for Rehabilitation
  • Physiological job stressors:
    • From sleep to full activity in seconds
    • Not enough time to eat or drink
    • Physical demands

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

factors cause and need for rehabilitation1
Factors, Cause, and Need for Rehabilitation
  • Environmental job stressors:
    • Adverse weather conditions
    • Unfamiliar locations
    • Smoke-filled environments

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

factors cause and need for rehabilitation2
Factors, Cause, and Need for Rehabilitation
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
    • Contributes to heat stress
    • Can weigh up to 40 lbs.
    • Increases energy needed to move
    • Traps body heat
    • Acts as vapor barrier

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

factors cause and need for rehabilitation3
Factors, Cause, and Need for Rehabilitation
  • Dehydration
    • State in which fluid losses exceed intake
    • Fire fighter in action can lose up to 2 quarts of fluid in less than 1 hour
    • Fluid loss reduces strength, endurance, and mental judgment

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

factors cause and need for rehabilitation4
Factors, Cause, and Need for Rehabilitation
  • Energy Consumption
    • During strenuous activity, the body burns carbohydrates and fats for energy.
    • Essential to refuel energy sources with nutritious food

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

factors cause and need for rehabilitation5
Factors, Cause, and Need for Rehabilitation
  • A well-rested, well-conditioned person has more endurance and can tolerate the stresses of firefighting.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

types of incidents affecting fire fighter rehabilitation
Types of Incidents Affecting Fire Fighter Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation required at all incidents
    • Small incidents may require only water for rehydration.
    • Major incidents may require a full rehabilitation center.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

types of incidents affecting fire fighter rehabilitation1
Types of Incidents Affecting Fire Fighter Rehabilitation
  • Structure fires
    • Intense heat and stressful conditions cause rapid dehydration and fatigue.
  • High-rise fires
    • Energy resources are drained quickly.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

types of incidents affecting fire fighter rehabilitation2
Types of Incidents Affecting Fire Fighter Rehabilitation
  • Wildland fires
    • Crews need to work in shifts so their bodies can recover.
    • Large fires may require hundreds of fire fighters and take weeks to extinguish.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

other types of incidents requiring rehabilitation
Other Types of IncidentsRequiring Rehabilitation
  • Hazardous materials incidents
  • Long-duration search -and -rescue activities
  • Large-scale training activities

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

other types of incidents requiring rehabilitation1
Other Types of IncidentsRequiring Rehabilitation
  • Non-emergency events
    • Athletic events
    • Stand-by assignments

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

other types of incidents requiring rehabilitation2
Other Types of IncidentsRequiring Rehabilitation
  • Nourishment and fluid replacement are essential whenever fire fighters must be ready for action.
  • Weather conditions
    • Heat causes rapid dehydration and fatigue.
    • High humidity reduces evaporative cooling.
    • Cold weather can cause hypothermia.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

how does rehabilitation work
How Does Rehabilitation Work?
  • Six Functions:
    • Medical monitoring
    • Revitalization
    • Medical monitoring and treatment
    • Transportation
    • Critical incident stress management
    • Reassignment

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

physical assessment
Physical Assessment
  • Signs and symptoms of fatigue
  • Crew should be observed for signs of emotional stress.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

revitalization
Revitalization
  • Rest
    • Opportunity to disengage from stressful activities and remove PPE

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

revitalization1
Revitalization
  • Fluid replacement
    • Rehydrate with water.
    • Restore electrolytes with diluted sports drinks.
    • Avoid caffeinated and sugar-rich drinks.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

revitalization2
Revitalization
  • Nutrition
    • Glucose needed to burn fat and release energy
    • Need to balance glucose levels for the body to work properly
      • Too low = weakness, shaking
      • Too high = sluggishness

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

revitalization3
Revitalization
  • Nutrition (continued)
    • Carbohydrates
      • Major source of fuel
      • Readily used by the body during high-intensity activities
    • Proteins
      • Used by the body to grow and repair tissues

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

revitalization4
Revitalization
  • Nutrition (continued)
    • Fats
      • Used for energy, insulating and protecting organs, and breaking down vitamins
    • Simple sugars stimulate insulin production.
      • Sugar consumption can lead to lower energy levels.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

revitalization5
Revitalization
  • Nutrition (continued)
    • During short incidents
      • Consume low-sugar, high-protein sports bars.
    • During extended incidents
      • Eat smaller, balanced meals that include complex carbohydrates.
    • Proper nutrition is part of a healthy lifestyle.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

revitalization6
Revitalization
  • Temperature stabilization
    • Remove turnout gear as soon as possible.
    • Move to climate-controlled environment.
    • In cold conditions, use a heated rehabilitation center.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

medical monitoring and treatment
Medical Monitoring and Treatment
  • Medical monitoring and treatment
    • Abnormal vital signs, pain, and injury necessitate further medical treatment.
  • Signs of illness or injury should be checked in the rehabilitation center to prevent later disruption on the fire scene.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

transportation to a hospital
Transportation to a Hospital
  • Ambulance available at rehabilitation centers to:
    • Transport ill fire fighters
    • Transport injured fire fighters

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

critical incident stress management
Critical Incident Stress Management
  • CISM
    • Confronts critical incidents, defuses them, and directs the fire fighter toward physical and emotional balance
    • Team members may meet with companies or individual fire fighters.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

reassignment
Reassignment
  • Fire fighters released to reassignment following:
    • Rest
    • Rehydration
    • Refueling
    • Rechecking that they are fit for duty
  • May return to the same or different tasks

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

personal responsibility in rehabilitation
Personal Responsibility in Rehabilitation
  • “Safety Begins and Ends with You”
  • Take care of yourself first, your team second, others third.
  • Know your own limits.
  • Be responsible: participate in emergency incident rehabilitation.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

summary
Summary
  • Rehabilitation centers are special designated areas where emergency personnel can rest.
  • Rehabilitation helps prevent injuries and illness.
  • Rehabilitation centers are often required at wildland fires and structure fires that are large or continue for long periods of time.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

summary1
Summary
  • Six parts of revitalization:
    • Medical monitoring
    • Revitalization
    • Medical monitoring and treatment
    • Transportation
    • Critical incident stress management
    • Reassignment

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

summary2
Summary
  • Replace fluids before signs of dehydration become obvious.
  • Meet nutritional needs during minor incidents with low-sugar, high-protein sports bars.
  • During longer incidents, eat small frequent meals that contain the appropriate nutritional balance.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY

summary3
Summary
  • Know your limits, listen to your body, and use rehabilitation facilities.
  • Safety begins and ends with you.

VERDUGO FIRE ACADEMY