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  1. The Butterfly A project for 8th grade English class of “Sulam-Tsor” school in Western Galilee, Israel. Teacher – Miri Johnson

  2. Butterfly

  3. The Butterfly The last, the very last, So richly, brightly, dazzlingly yellow. Perhaps if the sun’s tears would sing against a white stone.... Such, such a yellow Is carried lightly ’way up high. It went away I’m sure because it wished to kiss the world good-bye. For seven weeks I’ve lived in here, Penned up inside this ghetto. But I have found what I love here. The dandelions call to me And the whitechestnut branches in the court. Only I never saw another butterfly.   That butterfly was the last one Butterflies don’t live in here, in the ghetto. penned - כלוא dandelions –שן הארי (צמח) chestnut - ערמון

  4. Questions to discuss: Who do you think wrote this poem? What experiences do you think generated this poem? To what is the poem referring? How does this poem make you feel?

  5. This poem was written by: Pavel Friedman, June 4, 1942 Born in Prague on January 7, 1921. Deported to the Terezin Concentration Camp on April 26, 1942. Died in Aushchwitz on Sept. 29, 1944.

  6. Understanding the poem: Why do you think the poet chose the butterfly as a symbol? What happened to the butterfly? Do you think there is an analogy between the butterfly and the speaker of the poem? In the poem there is a repetition of the word last , in what way this repetition helps us understand how the speaker of the poem feels? There are two colours describing nature . Which colours can you find? Do these colours have any meaning? What do these colours add to the situation in which the speaker finds himself?

  7. “More than 12,000 children under the age of 15 passed through the Terezin Concentration Camp between the years 1942-1944. More than 90 percent perished during the Holocaust.  This poem is one of many poems and pictures drawn by the young inmates of Terezin, in which we see the daily misery of these uprooted children, as well as their courage and optimism, their hopes and fears. “

  8. Look at this painting – • Describe what you see? • How does this painting make you feel?

  9. "Children were neither just the mute and traumatized witnesses to this war, nor merely its innocent victims; the war invaded their imaginations and the war raged inside them."   — Nicholas Stargardt in "Witnesses of War: Children's Lives Under the Nazis" 

  10. Many dreams died with the children  of Terezin, dreams just like your own. One of these children (butterflies) could have been a Michael Jordan. One could have been the person that cured AIDS. Not only were these children’s rights taken from them, but also their dreams, their lives, and their legacy. The children of Terezin, just like the 1.5 million children that died in the Holocaust, did nothing to be persecuted. They all had dreams, they all had hopes, and they all lost them in Terezin, the place where butterflies don’t live. Lets’ think about it for a moment…. Has anyone ever experienced having their rights taken from them? How do we prevent such occurrences from happening today?

  11. Creative interpretation: After reading the poem and discussing its’ meanings, on A4 board, think of a creative interpretation that is a representative of the author’s poem, according to your own understanding. Another way is to create your own butterfly. Once you’ve finished, add the following: 1. Write a short paragraph explaining your choice. 2. Write your name, age and something about yourself.

  12. Holocaust Museum Houston • The Butterfly Project: • The Holocaust is much more than statistics — it is ALL of the following: • Tolerance and Acceptance • Courage and Heroism • Family • Promise/Legacy • Nature of Man • Integrity • Personal and Collective Morality • Responsibility • Compassion Rather than Apathy • Persistence • Hope http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h7QTax3vr4M&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JVOCtZAe9G8&feature=related

  13. אנלוגיה היא הקבלה . השוואה ומציאת קווי דמיון וקווי שוני. Analogy – comparison