2013 Exam Review Powerpoint 1
Why do we study mythology? To recognize allusions in literature and in everyday life
What are the characteristics of an epic? • A physically impressive hero • A journey or quest for something of value • Evidence of supernatural forces at work • A vast setting • A hero struggling against fate • A basis in a specific culture or society
How did the Trojan War begin? • It began with the judgment of Paris. Eris, the goddess of discord, rolled an apple into the banquet hall on Mt. Olympus which said “For the fairest”. Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite claimed it. They asked Paris to judge. He chose Aphrodite because she promised him the most beautiful woman in the world. That woman was Helen of Sparta, and when Paris took her back to Troy with him, the Greeks went to get her back. (the face that launched a thousand ships)
How long did the Trojan War last? • 10 years
What part did the gods and goddesses play in the war? • They took sides and supported their favorite mortals.
Name one of the heroes of the war. Hector, Odysseus, Agamemnon, Ajax, Achilles
How did the Greeks win the war? • Odysseus thought of the Trojan Horse trick. The Greeks were able to gain entrance to the walled city, burn it, and conquer the Trojans.
Name one of the obstacles Odysseus faced on his ten-year journey home from Troy and tell how he was able to overcome it. • The Sirens-singing creatures who would lure men and their ships to death on the rocks • Scylla and Charybdis-two monsters he had to steer his ship between • Polyphemus-a man-eating Cyclops who trapped them in his cave • Calypso-a beautiful enchantress who kept Odysseus prisoner on her island
What is a memoir? • A mode of life narrative
What are the four corners of a life narrative? • Style (diction and syntax), setting (place and time), coaxer (the reason for writing), and emplotment (the order in which the story is told)
Name two types of emplotment. • Chronological-in time order • Achronological-not in time order (flashbacks)
What is the plot structure of a Shakespearean tragedy? • Act I-exposition • Act II-rising action • Act III-crisis or turning point • Act IV-falling action • Act V-climax (the death of one or more of the main characters) and resolution
What is one of the themes of Romeo and Juliet? • The destruction of innocence • The dangers of haste
What information about the play is given in the prologue to Act I? • The play is about two star-crossed lovers • They are the children of two feuding families • The feud ends when the children die • The setting is Verona • The play will last for two hours
What is one of the external conflicts in the play? • The feud between the two families • The fights between Tybalt and Mercutio, Romeo and Tybalt • Juliet’s argument with her father when she refuses to marry Paris
How is light imagery used in the play? • There are frequent references to the sun, moon, and stars • The lovers can only meet at night, so day is their enemy • “It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.” • “More light and light, more dark and dark our woes.”
Explain at least one reference to fate in the play. • “Oh, I am fortune’s fool.” • “…star-crossed lovers” • “…some consequence left hanging in the stars…”
What is main idea? • The writer’s most important point, opinion, or message
What is bias? • When you look for an author’s bias, you look for evidence that he/she is prejudiced or partial to one side or another of an argument
What is tone? • Attitude a writer takes toward a subject, a character, or the audience
What is a fact? What is an opinion? • A fact can be verified. An opinion can be supported, but it can’t be proved.
What is compare and contrast? • When you compare, you tell how things are alike. When you contrast, you tell how they are different.
What is an inference? • An inference is a guess based on observation and prior experience
New Short Story Question • The short story question will be on “A Sound of Thunder”. After rereading the story, be prepared to answer this: Explain the conflict between Travis and Eckels. How does this conflict affect the tone and theme of the story?