Pork Quality Assurance Plus Pork Checkoff National Pork Board
2 Main Fundamentals • Food Safety • Animal Well-Being
Elements • Certification for Individuals • Site Status for Sites(farms) • Third-Party Verification Process
We Care Ethical Principles • Produce safe food • Protect and promote animal well-being • Ensure practices to protect public health • Safeguard natural resources • Provide a work environment that is safe • Contribute to a better quality of life in our communities
GGP #1 • Objective: Establish and implement an efficient and effective herd health management • Regular herd evaluations by a veterinarian • Biosecurity • Rodent & Pest control • Cleaning & Disinfecting Procedures
GPP #2 • Objective: Use an appropriate veterinarian/client/patient relationship (VCPR) as the basis for medication decision-making. • Veterinary/Client/Patient Relationship – • Veterinarian has assumed responsibility for making medical judgments • Owner or other caretaker agrees to follow the instructions of the veterinarian • VCPR only exists when a veterinarian has recently seen and is personally acquainted with the keeping and care of the animal(s)
GPP #2 cont.’ • Approved animal drug categories: • Over-the-Counter (OTC) • Prescription (Rx) • Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) • Only when a VCPR exists - FDA approved drugs can legally be used in food-producing animals in a way other than directed on the label • Extra label use is prohibited in medicated feeds • According to FDA, VFD records must be kept for 2 years
GPP #3 • Objective: Use Antibiotics Responsibly • Pork producers use antibiotics for three purposes: • Treatment • Prevention • Nutritional Efficiency • Principles and guidelines for responsible antibiotic use: • Take appropriate steps to decrease need • Assess the advantages and disadvantages of all uses • Use only when they provide measurable benefits • Use professional veterinary input • Used for treatment only when there is an appropriate clinical diagnosis • Treat the fewest animals indicated • Use only after careful review and reasonable justification • Minimize environmental exposure
GPP #4 • Objective: Identify, track, and maintain medication and treatment records for all treated animals • Records on treated animals should be maintained for these purposes: • Food safety • Regulatory • Management • There are various tools and methods of identifying treated pigs and groups of pigs. • The FDA has developed minimum requirements expected of producers while maintaining medication and treatment records. • Written record should be kept on file for one year after the hogs have been marketed.
GPP# 5 • Objective: Adhere to medication withdrawal times. • Withdrawal time - period required for the medication to be metabolized, broken-down, or excreted so that the level remaining in the body of the animal is below the level established as safe for humans • Other countries may require withdrawal times different than the United States for some products
GPP #6 • Objective: Properly store, label, and account for all drug products and medicated feeds. • Drug labels contain the following information: • Trade name • Active ingredient • Indications • Dosage and directions for use • Precautions • Cautions • Warnings –withdrawal times • Manufacturer’s lot number • Expiration date • Always read and follow storage instructions on the label, tag, or insert.
GPP #7 • Objective: Use proper administration techniques, needle-use procedures, observance of withdrawal times and methods to avoid marketing adulterated products for human food. • Medications are commonly administered to pigs in three ways: • Orally • Topically • Injectable • In the muscle (Intramuscular - IM) • Under the skin (Subcutaneous – SQ) • In the nasal passages (Intranasal – IN) • In the abdominal cavity (Intraperitoneal – IP) • In the vein (Intravenous – IV) • Never straighten a bent needle • Dispose of sharps correctly
GPP #8 • Objective: Follow appropriate on-farm feed and commercial feed processor procedures. • To prevent feed contamination current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMPs) outline standards for: • Manufacturing facilities • Ingredients • Manufacturing processes • Monitoring • Labeling • Recordkeeping
GPP #9 • Objective: Develop, implement and document an animal caretaker training program. • All animal caretakers must be properly trained • The PTSDR method may be used to train others and consists of five steps: 1) Prepare 2) Tell 3) Show 4) Do 5) Review • Training must be documented
GPP #10 • Objective: Provide proper swine care to improve swine well-being • Recordkeeping includes keeping records of a Veterinarian-Client-Patient Relationship (VCPR), medication and treatment of animals, and of a caretaker training program • Willful acts of neglect or abuse are unacceptable
GPP #10 cont.’ • It is also very important to have: • A written emergency action plan and an emergency backup system • Daily observation of animals and facilities • Appropriate animal evaluation • Evaluation of body condition scores (BCS) • Adequate pig space • A written plan for euthanasia, and euthanasia performed in a timely manner • Proper facility maintenance and management • Correct use of animal handling tools and handling practices • Adequate ventilation