Intelligence. Craniometry. Psychometric Testing
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“Broca and his school wanted to show that brain size, through its link with intelligence, could resolve what they regarded as the primary question for a “science of man” - explaining why some individuals and groups are more successful than others. To do this, they separated people according to a priori convictions about their worth - men vs. women, whites vs. blacks, “men of genius” vs. ordinary folks - and tried to demonstrate differences in brain size.
Stephen Jay Gould “Wide Hats and Narrow Minds
The search for “g” - the single value to describe an individual’s intelligence.
Our human potential is determined by the immutable constitution of our biology.
“What craniometry was for the nineteenth century, intelligence testing has become for the twentieth, when it assumes that intelligence is a single, innate, heritable, and measurable thing”
Stephen Jay Gould “The Mismeasure of Man”
“We pass through this world but once. Few tragedies can be more extensive than the stunting of life, few injustices deeper than the denial of an opportunity to strive or even to hope, by a limit imposed from without, but falsely identified as lying within”