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VOTING. A right and a responsibility of citizenship. 18 years old U.S. Citizen State Resident Mentally Competent Not a convicted felon. VOTING: QUALIFICATIONS. Must register 29 days before the election at: DMV Registrar’s Office Mail in Application . VOTING: REGISTRATION.

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voting

VOTING

A right and a responsibility of citizenship.

voting qualifications
18 years old

U.S. Citizen

State Resident

Mentally Competent

Not a convicted felon

VOTING: QUALIFICATIONS
voting participation
Increased turn-out in Presidential Elections

Participation more likely:

Education

Age

Income

VOTING: PARTICIPATION
voting non voters
Lack Interest

Forget to register

Not informed on issues

Participation less likely:

Income

Age

Education

VOTING: NON VOTERS
voting main idea
VOTING: MAIN IDEA

Qualified citizens have a responsibility of stay informed about campaign issues and exercise their right to vote.

political parties

POLITICAL PARTIES

Organizations made up of people who share similar ideas about the way the country should be governed

funtions and purposes of polical parties1
Help Candidates Win Elections

Raise money for campaigns

Campaign for candidates

Most important function since Candidate will support party goals if elected

FUNTIONS AND PURPOSES OF POLICAL PARTIES
funtions and purposes of polical parties2
Set Party Goals

Platform- Statement of party’s positions of major issues

FUNTIONS AND PURPOSES OF POLICAL PARTIES
funtions and purposes of polical parties3
Leadership

Work to pass laws that support the party’s goals

FUNTIONS AND PURPOSES OF POLICAL PARTIES
funtions and purposes of polical parties4
Watchdog

Monitor the actions of officeholders to insure that they are honest and hardworking

FUNTIONS AND PURPOSES OF POLICAL PARTIES
funtions and purposes of polical parties5
Help Citizens

Educate citizens about issues

Offer opportunities for citizens to be involved in the political process.

FUNTIONS AND PURPOSES OF POLICAL PARTIES
the political spectrum
THE POLITICAL SPECTRUM

Left Center Right

Democrats Moderates Republicans

democrats
DEMOCRATS
  • “Liberal”
  • On the left
  • Support government financed programs to help the poor
  • Emphasize domestic programs
  • More/Expanded Government
  • Supported by workers, laborers, lower and middle income levels
slide16

Lyndon B. Johnson

1963 - 1969

Jimmy Carter

1977 - 1981

Democratic Presidents

Woodrow Wilson

1913 to 1921

Andrew Jackson 1829–1837

Harry S. Truman 1945–1953

1961 - 1963

republicans
REPUBLICANS
  • “Conservative”
  • On the Right
  • Support individual initiative and economic growth to help the poor
  • Emphasize foreign policy and a strong military
  • Less/Limited Government
  • Gain support from big businesses and upper income levels
slide18

Herbert Hoover

Abraham Lincoln

Ulysses S. Grant

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Republican Presidents

Howard Taft

Teddy Roosevelt

Ronald Reagan

George H. W. Bush

Richard Nixon

Gerald Ford

George W. Bush

moderate
MODERATE

A person who avoids the extremes of either party

political parties1
POLITICAL PARTIES

The American political system is dominated by the Democrats and the Republicans; but third parties play an important role.

two party system
Have both liberal and conservative views

Organize to win elections

Appeal to the political center

Influence public policies

Reflect citizens views

Want to associate with many people to get more votes

Two-Party System

Similarities

BETWEEN REPUBLICANS & DEMOCRATS

two party system1
Differences

BETWEEN REPUBLICANS & DEMOCRATS

Party Platforms (positions on major issues)

Two-Party System
third parties
THIRD PARTIES

Third parties play an important role in American politics.

third parties1
THIRD PARTIES
  • Introduce new ideas
  • Support a particular issue
  • Revolve around a person (Ross Perot; Ralph Nadar)
  • Rarely win elections
  • Change the outcome on an election
third parties2
THIRD PARTIES

Ross Perot

Reform Party

Ralph Nader

Green Party

Teddy Roosevelt- Progressive party

test question
Test Question

Which of the following is a key component in the definition of voting?

a. available only to members of political parties

b. a right and a responsibility

c. required by law

d. available only to members of the Electoral College

eoc question
EOC Question

Which individual was a third-party candidate in the 1992 presidential election?

a. Ross Perot

b. George Wallace

c. George Bush

d. Bill Clinton

slide28
EOC

Which of the following applies to political parties?

a. began during the 20th Century

b. began during George Washington’s time

c. began during Abraham Lincoln’s time

d. are required by the Constitution

eoc question1
EOC Question

The two-party system in the United States means which of the following definitions?

a. only two political parties are allowed by law

b. every citizen must join two political parties

c. every citizen must join one of two political parties

d. there are only two major political parties

eoc question2
EOC Question

Political parties are organized at which of the following level(s)?

a. national and state levels

b. national level

c. local, state, and national levels

d. local and state levels

electoral college1
ELECTORAL COLLEGE

The President and the Vice President are elected by a majority vote in the Electoral College.

electoral college2
Each state has the same number of electors as it does Congress Members

# of Senators

+

# of Representatives =

__________________

# of electoral votes in each state

ELECTORAL COLLEGE
electoral college3
538 Total Electoral Votes

270 Electoral votes needed to win the election

ELECTORAL COLLEGE
electoral college4
What made the framers of the Constitution create this system for the election of the President and Vice-President?ELECTORAL COLLEGE

WHY

Why do we need electors?

electoral college5
Representation

Question for the framers:

How to balance power between the large and small states?

Result: Electoral votes for each state are determined by population

ELECTORAL COLLEGE
electoral college6
Fear

Issue for the framers:People are not educated enough to make a good decision.

Result: Electors who were educated about the process would make the official vote.

ELECTORAL COLLEGE
electoral college7
Knowledge

Issue for the framers:

Voters do not know about candidates from other states.

Result: Using electors would keep people from only voting for candidates from their state.

ELECTORAL COLLEGE
slide46

$

Rising Campaign Costs

$

Lots of fund raising by candidates and parties

Gives an advantage to rich people

Limits opportunities to run for office.

slide47

Limits opportunities to run for office.

Interest Groups have more power

Encourage PACs

Campaign Finance Reform

Rising campaign costs have led to efforts to reform campaign finance laws. Limits exist on the amount individuals may contribute to political candidates and campaigns.

slide50

PACs

Political Action Committees

Established to raise money to support an issue or candidate

slide55

One purpose of political parties is to

A. cast electoral votes.

B. set the age for voting.

C. administer literacy tests.

D. recruit and nominate candidates for public office.

slide56
A candidate needs _________ to win the presidency

A. 270 Electoral votes

B. the majority of the popular vote

C. a majority vote in the House of Representatives

D. All of the above

slide57
The president is chosen by the House of Representatives if

A. different candidates win the popular vote and the electoral vote

B. no candidate wins the majority in the Electoral College

C. the candidate with the most votes is already a member of congress

D. there is widespread electoral fraud

slide58
A political candidate who accuses his or her opponent of "reckless spending" is using the

A. name-calling technique.

B. glittering generality technique.

C. plain-folks appeal.

D. card-stacking technique.

slide59
This type of election has the highest voter turn out:

A. mayoral

B. gubernatorial

C. congressional

D. presidential

slide60
Which of the following is NOT a strategy to use when evaluating campaign ads?

A. believe propaganda

B. evaluate sources of information

C. separate fact and opinion

D. detect bias

slide61
Which of the following is a voting requirement in Virginia?

A. 21 years of age

B. US citizen and a resident of VA

C. passage of DMV test

D. pass a literacy test

slide62
An organization made up of people who share similar ideas about how the government should be run are:

A. Interest Groups

B. Political Parties

C. Political Action Committees

D. candidates

slide63
Which of the following is NOT a similarity of Republicans and Democrats?

A. Organize to win elections

B. party Platforms

C. Appeal to the political center

D. Influence public opinion

slide64
During an examination for naturalization, an applicant must

A. prove that he or she can read, write, and speak English acceptably.

B. show that he or she believes in the principles of the U.S. Constitution.

C. prove that he or she knows something about U.S. history and government.

D. all of the above

slide65
The U.S. federal system of government was established by

A. Magna Carta.

B. the Constitution.

C. the Articles of Confederation.

D. the English Bill of Rights

slide66
The statement "to secure the blessings of liberty" is

A. listed in the Mayflower Compact.

B. one of the six goals of government stated in the Preamble.

C. the opening statement of the Declaration of Independence.

D. found in the Articles of Confederation.

slide67
One of the basic ideals of American government is that

A. government should be based on the consent of the governed.

B. majority rule can be overruled by presidential veto.

C. the Constitution should be easily amended.

D. the executive branch should be the most powerful branch.

slide68
What would happen if a proposed amendment were not ratified by three fourths of the states?

A. It could be ratified by two thirds of the states.

B. The president could ratify the amendment.

C. Congress could ratify the amendment.

D. The amendment would not be added to the Constitution.

slide69
If the president vetoes a proposed law,

A. it can never become law.

B. Congress can override the veto with a two-thirds vote of both houses.

C. the proposed law is sent to state conventions for approval.

D. the Supreme Court has the power to pass the law anyway.

slide70
The most important function of political parties is to:

A. Help candidates win elections

B. Monitor the actions of officeholders

C. set party goals

D. Help citizens

slide71
Techniques used to influence opinion are called:

A. Editorials

B. Propaganda

C. Commentaries

D. Ads

slide72
The First Amendment guarantees

A. freedom of speech.

B. the right to bear arms.

C. freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures.

D. protection against self-incrimination.

slide73
All of the following are true of the Articles of Confederation EXCEPT

A. it created a weak central government.

B. the national government had no power to tax.

C. it gave no power to enforce laws.

D. the states had little power.

slide74
The federal government and the state governments share all of the following powers EXCEPT the power to

A. establish courts.

B. borrow money.

C. punish lawbreakers.

D. coin money.

slide75
Which of the following is NOT a power of the legislative branch?

A. interpreting the meaning of a law

B. passing laws

C. overriding presidential vetoes

D. approving appointments of federal court judges

slide76
Which of the following is not a function of political parties?

A. recruiting and nominating candidates

B. educating the public about campaign issues

C. monitoring the actions of office holders

D. nominating Supreme Court justices

slide77
How does the media influence policy makers?

A. by broadcasting the state of the union address

B. by criticizing the news coverage of other media sources

C. by organizing debates among leading entertainers.

D. by drawing attention to a particular issue and arousing public concern

slide78
Democrats:

A. want the government to provide public benefits to assist the poor.

B. want less government activity.

C. believe that public benefits should be provided by the private sector.

D. are typically backed by small farmers and the business community.

slide79
Third parties:

A. are not found in American politics.

B. typically revolve around a political personality.

C. receive a lot of attention from the media.

D. All of the above

slide80
Political Parties:

A. organize to win elections.

B. influence public opinion

C. appeal to the political center to win majority support.

D. All of the above

slide81
The majority of Americans are:

A. Moderate

B. Conservative

C. Liberal

D. Reactionary

slide82
Republicans tend to be

A. Radical

B. Conservative

C. Liberal

D. Socialist

slide83
To be elected, a presidential candidate must

A. win both the popular vote and the electoral vote.

B. win the popular vote.

C. receive 270 electoral votes

D. win the popular vote in the state of Florida

slide84
Democrats tend to be:

A. Conservative

B. Radical

C. Liberal

D. Right-Winged

slide85
The "glittering generalities" technique uses

A. beautiful pictures to sell an idea.

B. words that sound good but have little meaning.

C. the faces of famous people to sway public opinion.

D. soothing music and subliminal messages to persuade people.

slide86
Sports figures appearing on a box of cereal is an example of which propaganda technique?

A. testimonial

B. bandwagon

C. plain-folks appeal

D. glittering generalities

slide87
The main reason that so few people in the United States vote is that

A. it is not convenient for most people to get to the polls.

B. most people are not registered to vote.

C. most people lack interest

D. most people do not prefer one candidate over another.

slide88
A political candidate who describes herself as an "ordinary, hard-working citizen" is using

A. name-calling.

B. card stacking.

C. the bandwagon approach.

D. a plain-folks appeal.

slide89
Each state has a total number of electors

A. equal to its total number of congressmembers.

B. equal to each of the other states.

C. equal to the number of its state legislators.

D. based on its voter turnout in previous elections.

slide90
The Democratic and Republican Parties do all of the following EXCEPT

A. organize to win elections.

B. raise money to pay for campaign expenses.

C. establish state qualifications for voting.

D. Reflect both liberal and conservative views

slide91
.A presidential candidate of the Democratic Party wins 51 percent of the popular vote. Which of the following statements is correct?

A. The candidate must next be confirmed by the Senate and the House of Representatives.

B. The candidate will become president.

C. The candidate will become president only with a majority of electoral college votes.

D. A runoff election must be held to determine the new president.

slide92
You have just turned 18 years old. The first thing you will have to do before you are allowed to vote is

A. take a literacy test.

B. register to vote.

C. join a political party.

D. prove that you have completed high school.

slide93
One purpose of political parties is to

A. cast electoral votes.

B. set the age for voting.

C. administer literacy tests.

D. recruit and nominate candidates for public office.