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The Jackson Era

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  1. The Jackson Era

  2. F.O.A. (Bellwork) Who is this? What did he do as president?

  3. EQs • Who is Andrew Jackson? (8.4 spi 9) • What political party was formed by the followers of Andrew Jackson? (8.4 spi 9)

  4. This week • Today: Notes on Andrew Jackson • Tuesday: Trail of Tears • Wednesday: Jackson: Good or bad? • Thursday: Quiz over Chapter 9

  5. Monroe Doctrine • Turn to page 300 in your textbook. • Read about the Monroe Doctrine on pages 300-301. • Write down 4 basic points of the Monroe Doctrine.

  6. What We Need to Figure Out • Who was Andrew Jackson? • What political party was started by Jackson and his followers?

  7. A Little Background. . . • Election of 1824 – “The Corrupt Bargain” • J.Q. Adams defeats Jackson although Jackson won the popular vote and had more electoral votes • Jackson believed Adams had made a “corrupt bargain” with Henry Clay to get the win

  8. 1824 Election Results

  9. The majority of Americans believed that the national government was becoming distant from the people • Farmers, frontier settlers, and slave-holders liked Jackson’s ideas for change • Formed the Democratic Party which stood for states’ rights

  10. What Happened in 1828. . . • J.Q. Adams vs. Jackson (Part 2) • Jackson, much like Jefferson before him, tried to make people believe he was just a regular dude; IT WORKED! • Jackson wins in a landslide victory

  11. After winning, Jackson rewards his supporters with jobs in the government (“spoils system”) • Martin Van Buren becomes Sec. of State • Jackson’s “Kitchen Cabinet”

  12. More Sectionalism, Please! • During Jackson’s presidency, differences between regions of the U.S. led to a greater sense of sectionalism in America • Three major regions

  13. The North • INDUSTRY!!! • Liked tariffs because they helped American factories compete with British factories • Didn’t like cheap land out west because so many laborers were moving away

  14. The South • AGRICULTURE!!! • Depended on large slave labor force • Hated tariffs because it made manufactured goods more expensive

  15. The West • In the process of being settled • Supported agricultural policies and the selling of cheap lands • Also favored better roads and transportation

  16. Homework • Read pages 322-324 and answer 1-3 all parts on page 324.

  17. Scenario • I want you to think about one rule, law, or procedure here at LMS that you think is unfair to you as a student. • For the next three minutes, I want you to give me reasons why you think that you shouldn’t have to follow that rule as a student (after all, you do have rights!). • We’ll discuss your reasons shortly.

  18. Jackson’s Major Problem • Shortly before Jackson took office, J.Q. Adams passed a high tariff on imports • Southern states called it the “Abominable Tariff” • John C. Calhoun & “states’ rights”

  19. Calhoun argued that the states should be able to nullify federal laws they didn’t like • His own state, SC, declares that the tariff is “null and void” within its borders and even begins creating a SC military • Jackson is outraged; threatens to use the U.S. military if needed against SC

  20. “Nullification Crisis” Result • SC backs down; reaches a compromise with the federal government • Jackson turns his attention to the national bank

  21. Jackson thinks that the Second Bank of the U.S. is unconstitutional • Thinks it gives the national government too much power • McCullough v. Maryland – The Supreme Court declares the bank constitutional, but Jackson vetoes the bank’s charter renewal

  22. What Comes To Your Mind? • The next slide contains some graphic pictures. If you get upset easily, please feel free to look away and not participate. • Look quietly at the pictures on the slide. Then, in your notes, write down the first words or thoughts that pop into your mind as you view these pictures.

  23. EQs • What impact did population play in the growth of the United States? (8.3 spi 1) • Who is Andrew Jackson? (8.4 spi 9)

  24. This week • Today: Trail of Tears notes and poem • Wednesday: Reader’s Theater • Thursday: Quiz and tariff issue • Friday: tariff problem

  25. Homework • We’ll turn in homework one row at a time.

  26. How About This?

  27. American Genocide

  28. Jackson and Indian Removal • The “Black Spot” on Jackson’s presidency • Indian Removal Act (1830) • Jackson wants all land east of the MS River; wants to relocate all Native Americans to the west of the MS River

  29. Congress establishes “Indian Territory” in present-day OK • Choctaw are the first tribe to be forced to leave; one out of every four Choctaw died on the trip from starvation, exhaustion, or the cold weather • Chickasaw and Creek Indians were next

  30. Trail of Tears map

  31. Cherokee Resistance • The Cherokee Indians of GA adopted the white culture hoping to keep their lands • Set up schools and an American type of gov’t • Sequoya and the Cherokee alphabet • Didn’t help; Gold was discovered on their lands and they were forced to move, too

  32. Trail of Tears • 800 mile march from GA to Indian Territory • Nearly 18,000 died on the trip

  33. One Last Group • The Seminole of FL fought back • Chief Osceola and the Second Seminole War • About 4,000 were moved to Indian Territory, but some stayed; still there in FL today

  34. Homework Study this picture and think about what Native Americans endured during the Trail of Tears. Write a 15-20-line poem from the point of view of the Native Americans.