F.O.A. (Bellwork) Who is this? What did he do as president?
EQs • Who is Andrew Jackson? (8.4 spi 9) • What political party was formed by the followers of Andrew Jackson? (8.4 spi 9)
This week • Today: Notes on Andrew Jackson • Tuesday: Trail of Tears • Wednesday: Jackson: Good or bad? • Thursday: Quiz over Chapter 9
Monroe Doctrine • Turn to page 300 in your textbook. • Read about the Monroe Doctrine on pages 300-301. • Write down 4 basic points of the Monroe Doctrine.
What We Need to Figure Out • Who was Andrew Jackson? • What political party was started by Jackson and his followers?
A Little Background. . . • Election of 1824 – “The Corrupt Bargain” • J.Q. Adams defeats Jackson although Jackson won the popular vote and had more electoral votes • Jackson believed Adams had made a “corrupt bargain” with Henry Clay to get the win
The majority of Americans believed that the national government was becoming distant from the people • Farmers, frontier settlers, and slave-holders liked Jackson’s ideas for change • Formed the Democratic Party which stood for states’ rights
What Happened in 1828. . . • J.Q. Adams vs. Jackson (Part 2) • Jackson, much like Jefferson before him, tried to make people believe he was just a regular dude; IT WORKED! • Jackson wins in a landslide victory
After winning, Jackson rewards his supporters with jobs in the government (“spoils system”) • Martin Van Buren becomes Sec. of State • Jackson’s “Kitchen Cabinet”
More Sectionalism, Please! • During Jackson’s presidency, differences between regions of the U.S. led to a greater sense of sectionalism in America • Three major regions
The North • INDUSTRY!!! • Liked tariffs because they helped American factories compete with British factories • Didn’t like cheap land out west because so many laborers were moving away
The South • AGRICULTURE!!! • Depended on large slave labor force • Hated tariffs because it made manufactured goods more expensive
The West • In the process of being settled • Supported agricultural policies and the selling of cheap lands • Also favored better roads and transportation
Homework • Read pages 322-324 and answer 1-3 all parts on page 324.
Scenario • I want you to think about one rule, law, or procedure here at LMS that you think is unfair to you as a student. • For the next three minutes, I want you to give me reasons why you think that you shouldn’t have to follow that rule as a student (after all, you do have rights!). • We’ll discuss your reasons shortly.
Jackson’s Major Problem • Shortly before Jackson took office, J.Q. Adams passed a high tariff on imports • Southern states called it the “Abominable Tariff” • John C. Calhoun & “states’ rights”
Calhoun argued that the states should be able to nullify federal laws they didn’t like • His own state, SC, declares that the tariff is “null and void” within its borders and even begins creating a SC military • Jackson is outraged; threatens to use the U.S. military if needed against SC
“Nullification Crisis” Result • SC backs down; reaches a compromise with the federal government • Jackson turns his attention to the national bank
Jackson thinks that the Second Bank of the U.S. is unconstitutional • Thinks it gives the national government too much power • McCullough v. Maryland – The Supreme Court declares the bank constitutional, but Jackson vetoes the bank’s charter renewal
What Comes To Your Mind? • The next slide contains some graphic pictures. If you get upset easily, please feel free to look away and not participate. • Look quietly at the pictures on the slide. Then, in your notes, write down the first words or thoughts that pop into your mind as you view these pictures.
EQs • What impact did population play in the growth of the United States? (8.3 spi 1) • Who is Andrew Jackson? (8.4 spi 9)
This week • Today: Trail of Tears notes and poem • Wednesday: Reader’s Theater • Thursday: Quiz and tariff issue • Friday: tariff problem
Homework • We’ll turn in homework one row at a time.
Jackson and Indian Removal • The “Black Spot” on Jackson’s presidency • Indian Removal Act (1830) • Jackson wants all land east of the MS River; wants to relocate all Native Americans to the west of the MS River
Congress establishes “Indian Territory” in present-day OK • Choctaw are the first tribe to be forced to leave; one out of every four Choctaw died on the trip from starvation, exhaustion, or the cold weather • Chickasaw and Creek Indians were next
Cherokee Resistance • The Cherokee Indians of GA adopted the white culture hoping to keep their lands • Set up schools and an American type of gov’t • Sequoya and the Cherokee alphabet • Didn’t help; Gold was discovered on their lands and they were forced to move, too
Trail of Tears • 800 mile march from GA to Indian Territory • Nearly 18,000 died on the trip
One Last Group • The Seminole of FL fought back • Chief Osceola and the Second Seminole War • About 4,000 were moved to Indian Territory, but some stayed; still there in FL today
Homework Study this picture and think about what Native Americans endured during the Trail of Tears. Write a 15-20-line poem from the point of view of the Native Americans.