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Stress Group 2, Chapter 9, Lesson 2: Stress Designed for: Ages 25-30. Devin Miller, Shea Tanney, Katie Daniel, Katie Stopka, Terika McCall. What is Stress?. Any change that causes your body physical of mental tension

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stress group 2 chapter 9 lesson 2 stress designed for ages 25 30

StressGroup 2, Chapter 9, Lesson 2: StressDesigned for: Ages 25-30

Devin Miller, Shea Tanney,

Katie Daniel, Katie Stopka,

Terika McCall

what is stress
What is Stress?
  • Any change that causes your body physical of mental tension
  • Myriad of physical and mental reactions that either keep us sharp or put our health in danger
more on stress
More on Stress...
  • Stress is caused by anything that requires you to adjust to a change in environment
  • Body reacts to changes with physical, mental, and emotional responses
  • Causes of stress differs for each person as well as our coping mechanisms
slide5

What is a Stressor?

Events that provoke stress are STRESSORS

Include everything from physical danger to making a class presentation or taking a final exam

slide6

Internal & External Stressors:

External Stressors: Adverse physical conditions (i.e. pain)

Stressful psychological environment

In humans and animals

Internal Stressors: Physical or psychological (i.e. intense worry about a harmful event)

Rare or absent in most animals except humans

slide7

STRESS!

Time magazine's June 6, 1983 cover story, STRESS! "The Epidemic of the Eighties" Stress = leading health problem

Numerous surveys confirm adult Americans perceive they are under much more stress than a decade ago

the stress response
The Stress Response
  • Fight or Flight
    • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
    • Slow digestion
    • Dilated pupils
    • Rapid rush of strength
    • Increased sweating
    • Rapid breathing
types of stress
Types of Stress
  • Two types of Stress

1. Eustress

2. Distress

stress and personality
Stress and Personality
  • Two main types
    • Type A: competitive and high achieving
    • Type B: non-competitive, “laid back”
research stress personality
Research: Stress & Personality
  • Type A personality actually shown to relieve stress
type a vs type b
Type A vs. Type B
  • Type A: may relieve stress by working
  • Type B: more likely to hold onto stress
the hardy personality
The “Hardy Personality”
  • Personality type which continues to stay healthy despite major or traumatic stressors
3 important characteristics
3 Important Characteristics
  • Change
  • Commitment
  • Control
change
Change
  • Likes and welcomes change
  • Views change as an opportunity for growth
commitment
Commitment
  • Strong sense of purpose
  • Committed to people, activities and principles that bring meaning to their life
control
Control
  • Sense of power about his or her life
  • Feels some influence over what happens
  • Takes action when possible
5 categories of stress
5 Categories of Stress
  • Biological
    • Biochemical imbalance
    • Chemical
    • Injury
  • Environmental
    • Poverty
    • Natural disaster
    • Noise
5 categories of stress1
5 Categories of Stress

3. Cognitive

  • Perception
  • Expectations

4. Personal Behavior

  • Negative reactions
  • Drugs or alcohol
  • Lack of exercise
5 categories of stress2
5 Categories of Stress

5. Life situations

  • Death
  • Divorce
  • Relationship problems
negative effects of stress
Negative Effects of Stress
  • Caused by:
    • Persistent stressful situations
    • Traumatic event
    • Inefficient relaxation techniques
    • Acute stress combined with serious illness
negative effects of stress1
Negative Effects of Stress
  • 13 side effects of stress
    • Psychological effects

- anxiety/depression

    • Heart Disease
    • Stroke
    • Susceptibility to infections
common effects of stress cont
Common Effects of Stress cont.

5. Immune disorders

-eczema

6. Cancer

7. Gastrointestinal Problems

- peptic ulcers

8. Eating Problems

- weight gain

common effects of stress cont1
Common Effects of Stress cont.

9. Diabetes

10. Pain

- headaches

11. Sleep disturbances

12. Sexual & reproductive dysfunction

13. Memory, concentration and learning difficulties

risks of stress
Risks of Stress
  • When is stress dangerous?
    • If it interferes with normal life for a long period time
      • Feeling “OUT OF CONTROL”
risks of stress1
Risks of Stress
  • Continuous feelings of fatigue
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Irritable in usually calm situations
slide28

Stress Management

  • Coping with stress
    • Do not try and control the external stressor
    • Control the internal reaction to the stressor
      • Emotional and psychological responses
12 ways to manage stress
12 Ways to Manage Stress
  • Be Realistic
    • Learn to Say NO!
  • Shed the “Superman” urge
    • No one is perfect
  • Meditate

- 10-20 min = chronic stress relief

12 ways to manage stress1
12 Ways to Manage Stress
  • Visualize
    • Picture success
  • Take one thing at a time

- check off tasks

  • Exercise

- 20-30min regular activity

12 ways to manage stress2
12 Ways to Manage Stress
  • Hobbies
    • Schedule self care
  • Healthy lifestyle
    • Good nutrition
  • Share your feelings

- Call a friend

12 ways to manage stress3
12 Ways to Manage Stress
  • Be flexible
    • Compromise
  • Easy on Criticism
    • Everyone is unique
  • Seek professional help

- Free services at UF SHCC

activity 1 meditation
Activity 1: Meditation
  • Meditation is a mind-body CAM practice
  • Types of meditation
    • Concentration
    • Motion
    • Spiritual
concentration meditation
Concentration Meditation
  • Breathe deeply
    • Focus on breaths
  • Scan your body
    • Sensations
  • Repeat sacred name/phrase
    • Mantra
  • Exercise the imagination
    • Guided imagery
activity 2 deep breathing
Activity 2: Deep Breathing
  • Designed to bring fresh air into the body
  • Promotes relaxation
activity 3 stretching
Activity 3: Stretching
  • Works tension out of muscles
  • Target areas
    • Wrists
    • Shoulders
    • Neck
    • Back