Introduction to the Book of Judges: MIHTEY Shophatim Humanity in Need of Salvation
The Book of Judges The title comes from the people God selected to provide leadership for His people. Judges 2:16 says, God “raised up judges who saved them.” Twelve names are normally included in the group (fig. 3). To this list sometimes are added Abimelech, Eli, and Samuel. - Abimelech, son of Gideon, was more a renegade king than a judge. - Eli and Samuel, though spoken of as “judging” Israel (1 Sam. 4:18; 7:15-17), were more high priest and prophet.
Book of Judges Title Theme & Theology Frequent turning away from God and God’s punishment Pleas to God to raise up leaders to restore the land to peace Covenant promises fulfilled Israel forgets its identity as God’s people Adopt Canaanite gods, morals and beliefs • Refers to the leaders of Israel from the time of the elders • Purpose: God raised up judges (heroes) who saved Israel from its enemies. • God is Israel’s ultimate judge and deliverer.
Book of Judges • Fundamental issue is the lordship of God in Israel • Authors accuse Israel of: • Rejecting God • Not fighting God’s battles • Turning to Canaanite gods • Abandoning God’s laws for daily living • People lived as if they had no king or God. Everyone did as he wanted. • The amazing patience of God with his people.