Hollywoodand Cinema By: Megan, Michelle, and Celin
Vaudeville • Vaudeville was a theatrical genre of variety entertainment in the United States from the early 1880s to the 1930s. • Each performance was made up of a series of separate acts, which included musicians, dancers, comedians, etc. • Vaudeville was called the “Heart of American show business”. Vaudeville was on of the most popular types of entertainment in North America for Several Decades.
Silent Films • A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound, especially spoken dialogue. • The acting and dialogue is commuted through muted gestures, pantomime and title cards. • The majority of films which were first made were silent films. The first era of film making was known as the Silent Film Era. • A few famous examples are almost all of Charlie Chaplin’s films and “It”.
The Rise of the Cinema • The First Narrative film, ‘The Great Train Robbery’ was made in 1903. It was 10 minutes long. • Averagely, films were about 20 minutes long. • During the WW1, ‘epics’ were made. This started the big boom for the movie industry. • The 1920s and 1930s, was the 'Golden Age of Hollywood'.Nearly 100,000,000 people went to see a movie each week. • The cinema was seen as an escape. It could open up whole new worlds for just a few cents. Advertising began.
The Rise of Hollywood • Movies were originally made in New York. • Many film makers moved to other places because of camera issues. • Hollywood started and became an unchallenged centre of the film industry. • The first film was made on October 29, 1911. • One of the reasons for its success was its climate.
Talkies • In 1927 the first talkie was produced, 'The Jazz Singer'. Only 10 minutes was sound. • This was seen as the end of the 'silent screen'. • The Jazz Singer was a musical film about a Jew who becomes a Jazz Singer. The movie stars Al Jolson, who performs six songs.
The Jazz Singer • http://www.wildscreen.tv/videos/4392989/Trailer-zu-Al-Jolson-und-The-Jazz-Singer-
Greta Garbo(1905-1990) • Swedish actress known for her work in the United States during Hollywood's silent film period and part of its Golden Age. • Regarded as one of the greatest and most inscrutable movie stars ever. • Most well received of Garbo's silent movies were Flesh and the Devil (1927) &Love (1927) • Famous for her sombre, emotional and serious roles. • Very reclusive, gave the shortest interview every published. • Was one of the few who made a successful transition from silent to sound.
Queen Christina (1933) • The movie is based on life on 17 century Queen Christina of Sweden • The Queen falls in love during her reign but has to deal with stupid politics • It was known as Garbo’s return to cinema, after an 18 month hiatus, and was her 4th last film. • Was the last romance movie made with Garbo and John Gilbert.
Clara Bow • Star in 1920s. • premier flapper and the film It (1927) made her world famous. • Bow came to personify the "roaring twenties"and is described as its leading sex symbol. • Before, Bow was true to her ‘tomboy’ identity. • She was considered a social taboo – bad mannered.
Charlie Chaplin(April 16, 1889- December 25, 1977) "Life is a tragedy when seen in close-up, but a comedy in long-shot.” • Famous Comedian. The biggest success of the 1920s. • Known as “The man with the toothbrush mustache, bowler hat, bamboo cane, and a funny walk.” • Famous for his versatility and for writing, acting, directing and producing" The Circus (1928) • Disagreed with talkies in 1930 because he believed that “actions were louder than words” • Refused to make a lot of films throughout the 1930s.
Charlie Chaplin- Smile • http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMTMwNDk0ODI0.html
Impact of Hollywood on culture • It made films more important in people’s life. • It started the advertising industry. • Increased forms of entertainment – Music, theatre etc. • Due to the many women involved, some became known as ‘sex symbols’. • Brought new ideas to people. • Gave people an ‘ideal life’. • People’s ideals became more flexible.