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Gendered Theories. Breana Dyer. Feminism . ‘Concerned with the relationship between literary texts and the place of women in society. It uses critical methods to demonstrate, explain and challenge the oppression of women.’ Feminist reading  Gender assumptions abut women

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feminism
Feminism
  • ‘Concerned with the relationship between literary texts and the place of women in society. It uses critical methods to demonstrate, explain and challenge the oppression of women.’
  • Feminist reading 

Gender assumptions abut women

Patriarchal society

gender stereotypes
Gender stereotypes
  • Genders treated differently from birth
  • Traits in men and women  biological or socially expected?
  • Carl Jung thought critically  ahead of time with gender equality
  • Gender repression always living up to expectations
qualities
Qualities
  • Oppositional
  • E.g
shakespeare s subtlety
Shakespeare’s subtlety
  • Characters subvert gender stereotypes  Questions traditional society
  • Created disparity in roles  controversial
  • Very unreal  laugh it off  unexpected
  • Subtle yet revolutionary (not upsetting)
  • Minimal controversy  weak side of women and heroic side of men
  • Certain qualities aren't always accurate
  • Questions roles and responsibilities attributed to genders
macbeth in general
Macbeth  in general
  • Brings gender traits in to question
  • Subverts some qualities of men and women  conform in end
  • Eg. Lady Macbeth, Macduff, Macbeth
  • Men and women don’t have to exhibit certain qualities
  • Can assume traits of opposite gender
  • Shouldn’t stereotype
slide7

‘What’s fair is foul and foul is fair’

  • Don’t judge a book by its cover…
  • Not always what they seem
  • Lady Macbeth  cruel
  • Macduff  emotional
lady macbeth
Lady Macbeth
  • Appears delicate and charming’
  • Typical female of time
  • Subverts stereotype
  • Deceiving, cruel, manipulative, violent
  • We are quick to judge  less inclined to judge if man
  • Accept / expect violence with men
  • Conforms to society  weak / suicide
slide9

‘your hand, your tongue; look like the innocent flower, But be the serpent under’t’

  • Appears innocent and to expectations  serpent beneath
  • Has to hide evil side  not expected
  • ‘I would, while it was smiling in my face, Have plucked my nipple from his boneless gum, And dashed the brains out, had I so sworn as you’
  • Kill own flesh  evil  unexpected due to mother’s nature/connection
  • Shouldn’t stereotype
slide10

‘unsex me here, and fill me from the crown to the toe top-full of direst cruelty’

  • Wants to take away weaknesses
  • Craves masculinity
  • In her mind  women can’t have such qualities
  • Eg. Cruel, strong, etc.
macbeth
Macbeth
  • Reluctance towards killing
  • Goaded for lack of masculinity
  • Men aren’t cowardly  bad trait  weak
  • Subversion of gender roles  has to be persuaded
  • Grew into masculine expectations  power
slide12

‘But screw your courage to the sticking-place, And we’ll not fail’

  • Lady Macbeth builds up courage for Macbeth
  • Has to persuade him
  • Ridicules him for his lack of masculinity
  • Uses stereotypical expectations to guilt him
macduff
Macduff
  • Accepting of his emotions  sympathize
  • Reacted in expected way  vengeance
  • Right amount emotion and anger
  • Society accepts balance
  • Revenge on Macbeth
  • Archetypal hero
slide14

‘But I must also feel it as a man’

 Macduff doing the ‘manly thing’

‘All my pretty ones?Did you say all? O hell-kite! All?What, all my pretty chickens and their damAt one fell swoop?’

 Macduff is emotional

summary
Summary
  • Shakespeare is smart with subversion
  • Question roles  subtlety
  • Character disparity
references
References
  • ‘What’s fair is foul and foul is fair’ (Act 1, Scene 1, Line 12)
  • ‘your hand, your tongue; look like the innocent flower, But be the serpent under’t’ (Act 1, Scene 5)
  • ‘I would, while it was smiling in my face, Have plucked my nipple from his boneless gum, And dashed the brains out, had I so sworn as you’ (Act 1, Scene 7)
  • ‘But screw your courage to the sticking-place, And we’ll not fail’ ( Act 1, Scene 7)
  • ‘But I must also feel it as a man’ (Act 4, Scene 3)
  • ‘All my pretty ones?Did you say all? O hell-kite! All?What, all my pretty chickens and their damAt one fell swoop?’ (Act 4, Scene 3)
slide17

Macbeth, 20/05/14, Spark notes, www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/macbeth/

  • Notable Quotes, 21/05/14, Shakespeare Navigator, www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/macbeth/
  • Carl Jung, 23/05/14, Mind Development, http://www.mind-development.eu/jung.html
  • Feminism, 25/05/14, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feminism
potential essays
Potentialessays

For potentialessays, mypowerpointcouldbecomequitehelpful. Mypowerpoint explores gendertheories and how the characters have been constructed to subvertcertain stereotypes.

This information wouldassist a gendereddiscourse or certain readingssuch as a feminist or a genderedview.

It wouldbeveryuseful for a question on themes as the stereotypes and traditionalroles of men and womenprovidesmuch to talk about. Also, for a question on characterconstruction itwouldbevery effective in talking about the disparity of genders and the obvious subversion of roles