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ELECTRONICS RECYCLING. International Association of Electronics Recyclers. Revised 2006. CONTENTS. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW General Perspectives Highlights from the IAER Industry Report Industry Survey Industry Research CHALLENGES OBSERVATIONS. KEY DRIVERS. Increasing volumes

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  1. ELECTRONICS RECYCLING International Association of Electronics Recyclers Revised 2006

  2. CONTENTS • INDUSTRY OVERVIEW • General Perspectives • Highlights from the IAER Industry Report • Industry Survey • Industry Research • CHALLENGES • OBSERVATIONS

  3. KEY DRIVERS • Increasing volumes • Expanding pervasiveness of electronics • Shorter lifespan of electronics technologies • Large inventory of obsolete electronics • Concerns • Landfill • Hazardous materials • Export • Challenges • Logistics • Costs

  4. ELECTRONICS EQUIPMENT - TYPES • Commercial • computers, office, financial • Industrial • Telecom, Manufacturing, Medical • Automotive • Defense & Aerospace • Consumer • PCs, video, audio, wireless, personal, games

  5. ELECTRONICS EQUIPMENT - CONTENT • REUSABLE: • Units (e.g., PCs, Printers, Monitors) • Components (e.g., Drives, Memory, Processors) • RECYCLABLE MATERIALS • Metals (precious, base) • Glass (CRT) • Plastics

  6. INDUSTRY SEGMENTS Asset Management • inventory, disposition planning, resale Broker • auction, resale, export Re-Use: for resale at product level • Resale/As-Is • Repair/Refurbish /Upgrade/enhance De-Manufacturing • disassembly & separation of parts and materials Recovery of Parts & Subassemblies • Test/Classify/Re-use/Sale Materials Recovery & Recycling (plastics, metals, glass) • separate, prepare for recycling Materials Processing/Refining(glass, metal, plastics) • shred, grind, pelletize, refine

  7. ELECTRONICS RECYCLING INDUSTRY PROCESS MODEL • SOURCES/GENERATORS • Field Returns • Surplus • Trade-Ins • Obsolete/EOL OEMs USERS LEASCOs TRIAGE • ELECTRONICS RECYCLING • INDUSTRY SEGMENTS/OPERATIONS • Asset Management • Broker • Re-Use • De-Manufacturing • Parts Recovery • Materials Recovery • Materials Processing As-Is Repair Refurbish RESALE Scrap Equipment Disassembly Recover Parts Separate Materials RESALE Materials Shred, Grind, Separate Refine, Smelt, Melt, Pelletize Metals, Glass, Plastics Primary Materials Processors

  8. ELECTRONICS RECYCLERS in the USA (data from IAER database) Number of Recyclers Not including OEMs & NFPs 2005 2003

  9. For more information – including ordering, go to the web page at: http://www.iaer.org/communications/indreport.htm

  10. HIGHLIGHTS from IAER SURVEY (Conducted in 2005) • Electronics recycling operations in the USA: over 500 • Employees: ~ 19,000 • Annual Revenue: ~ $US1.5 billion • Annual Volumes processed: • ~2.8 billion pounds (1.4M tons) • including ~65 million units of computer equipment • electronics recycling process yielded ~ 1.3 billion pounds of recyclable materials

  11. WASTE STREAM DATAConsumer Electronics in Municipal Solid Waste - EPA Millions of Tons - Generated

  12. CONSUMER ELECTRONICS U.S. Sales Trends(Consumer Electronics Association) • Total 2005 sales to increase 11% to $126 Billion • DTV sales increased 78% in 2004 to 7.3M units • Sales of portable MP3 players expected to exceed 10 M units in 2005 • 2005 sales of digital cameras expected to be more than 20 M units • Cell phone sales expected to reach 90 M units in 2005 and Global shipments of flat-screen monitors exceeded CRTs in 2004

  13. CONSUMER ELECTRONICS Average # of CEProducts Per Household (CEA)

  14. HOUSEHOLD ELECTRONIC WASTEEstimated Replacements over 20 Years Consumers Union Number of Units

  15. CELL PHONE TRENDS U.S. Subscribers - millions CTIA Industry Survey

  16. FLORIDA BRANDS STUDYProduct Types Collected Others Printers TVs Computers CRT Monitors % by weight

  17. FLORIDA BRANDS STUDYProduct Types by Vintage Age in Years Oldest Avg.

  18. EPA PLUG-IN PILOT PROGRAMSGood-Guys Materials Recycled Plastics Glass

  19. CHALLENGESfacing YOUR electronics recycling operations • Cost of operations • Sources of equipment • Markets for outputs • Capacity • Prices for materials & parts • Other

  20. CHALLENGESfacing the electronics recycling INDUSTRY • Legislation/regulations • Logistics/transportation • Consumer/residential electronics • Product take-back programs • Plastics recycling • Recycling technology • Other

  21. INDUSTRY PERSPECTIVES Most Respondents Felt That: • Regulations have helped the industry • R&D is important to electronics recycling • There needs to be more communications • It is important to achieve some type of certification

  22. IAER Web Site - http://www.iaer.org Email - Info@iaer.org

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