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ELECTRONICS RECYCLING. International Association of Electronics Recyclers. Revised May 2003. CONTENTS. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW General Perspectives Highlights from the IAER Industry Report Industry Survey Industry Research CHALLENGES OBSERVATIONS. KEY DRIVERS. Increasing volumes

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  1. ELECTRONICS RECYCLING International Association of Electronics Recyclers Revised May 2003

  2. CONTENTS • INDUSTRY OVERVIEW • General Perspectives • Highlights from the IAER Industry Report • Industry Survey • Industry Research • CHALLENGES • OBSERVATIONS

  3. KEY DRIVERS • Increasing volumes • Expanding pervasiveness of electronics • Shorter lifespan of electronics technologies • Large inventory of obsolete electronics • Concerns • Landfill • Hazardous materials • Challenges • Logistics • Costs

  4. ELECTRONICS EQUIPMENT - TYPES • Commercial • computers, office, financial • Industrial • Telecom, Manufacturing, Medical • Automotive • Defense & Aerospace • Consumer • PCs, video, audio, wireless, personal, games

  5. ELECTRONICS EQUIPMENT - CONTENT • REUSABLE: • Units (e.g., PCs, Printers, Monitors) • Components (e.g., Drives, Memory, Processors) • RECYCLABLE MATERIALS • Metals (precious, base) • Glass (CRT) • Plastics

  6. INDUSTRY SEGMENTS Asset Management • inventory, disposition planning, resale Broker • auction, resale, export Re-Use: for resale at product level • Resale/As-Is • Repair/Refurbish /Upgrade/enhance De-Manufacturing • disassembly & separation of parts and materials Recovery of Parts & Subassemblies • Test/Classify/Re-use/Sale Materials Recovery & Recycling (plastics, metals, glass) • separate, prepare for recycling Materials Processing/Refining(glass, metal, plastics) • shred, grind, pelletize, refine

  7. ELECTRONICS RECYCLING INDUSTRY PROCESS MODEL • SOURCES/GENERATORS • Field Returns • Surplus • Trade-Ins • Obsolete/EOL OEMs USERS LEASCOs TRIAGE • ELECTRONICS RECYCLING • INDUSTRY SEGMENTS/OPERATIONS • Asset Management • Broker • Re-Use • De-Manufacturing • Parts Recovery • Materials Recovery • Materials Processing As-Is Repair Refurbish RESALE Scrap Equipment Disassembly Recover Parts Separate Materials RESALE Materials Shred, Grind, Separate Refine, Smelt, Melt, Pelletize Metals, Glass, Plastics Primary Materials Processors

  8. ELECTRONICS RECYCLERS in the USA (data from IAER database) Number of Recyclers Not including OEMs & NFPs

  9. HIGHLIGHTS from IAER SURVEY • Electronics recycling companies in the USA: over 400 • Employees: over 7000 • Annual Revenue: over $US 700 million • Annual Volumes processed: • over 1.5 billion pounds (750K tons) • including more than 40 million units of computer equipment • electronics recycling process yielded approximately 900 million pounds of recyclable materials



  12. CONSUMER ELECTRONICS OUTLOOK 10 Cumulative Volume – Billions of units Electronics scrapped by consumers 2 Electronics products owned by consumers 2010 2003

  13. COMPUTER EQUIPMENT OUTLOOK 2.0 Cumulative Volume – Billions of units 1.5 Computer products scrapped 1.0 0.5 Computer products installed 2010 2003

  14. ITEMS COLLECTED in MUNICIPAL PROGRAMS (data from EPA 11) % by number of items

  15. Material Composition of Consumer Electronics in Municipal Waste Stream (data from EPA 5) % by weight

  16. COST ELEMENTS of RECYCLING (data from Minnesota 12) % of total costs

  17. HIGHLIGHTS from IAER RESEARCHOutlook to 2010 • Consumer electronics: • About 3 billion units will be scrapped • or an average of about 400 million units/year • Computer Equipment (from all sectors): • about one billion units will become potential scrap • or an average of more than 100 million units/year • Electronics Recycling Industry • to grow its capacity by a factor of 4 or 5

  18. CHALLENGESfacing YOUR electronics recycling operations(from IAER Industry Survey) • Cost of operations • Markets for outputs • Sources of equipment • Prices for materials & parts • Capacity • Other

  19. CHALLENGESfacing the electronics recycling INDUSTRY(from IAER Industry Survey) • Legislation/regulations • Consumer/residential electronics • Plastics recycling Logistics/transportation • Product take-back programs • Recycling technology • Other

  20. OBSERVATIONS • Electronics Recycling Industry has been driven by commercial sector • Consumer electronics have not been a factor in the market due to costs, value & logistics • Computer equipment comprises most of volumes currently recycled • Electronics recycling costs money - but also recovers value in products, parts & materials • Industry still emerging - fragmented, small Co’s, limited process technology & capital

  21. IAER Web Site - http://www.iaer.org Email - Info@iaer.org

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