anonymity security privacy and civil liberties n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Anonymity, Security, Privacy and Civil Liberties PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Anonymity, Security, Privacy and Civil Liberties

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Anonymity, Security, Privacy and Civil Liberties - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 188 Views
  • Uploaded on

Anonymity, Security, Privacy and Civil Liberties. Introduction Anonymity Security Privacy Ethical and Social Issues . Introduction. Information has increased in value Information can also be a liability The demand for information is high due to:

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Anonymity, Security, Privacy and Civil Liberties' - tad


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
anonymity security privacy and civil liberties
Anonymity, Security, Privacy and Civil Liberties
  • Introduction
  • Anonymity
  • Security
  • Privacy
  • Ethical and Social Issues

Ethical and Social...J.M.Kizza

introduction
Introduction
  • Information has increased in value
  • Information can also be a liability
  • The demand for information is high due to:
    • High digitalization of info & increasing bandwidth.
    • Declining costs of digital communication.
    • Increased miniaturization
      • Portable computers
      • Other communications equipment.
    • Greater public awareness
  • The danger for misuse is real
anonymity
Anonymity
  • Absence of identity
  • There are three types of identity:
    • Pseudo – know by a pseudo-name
    • Untraceable – no name association
    • Anonymity with a pseudo address
      • No name association
      • Address association
  • Anonymity on the Internet
    • Anonymous servers
    • Anonymous users
    • There is no 100% anonymity on the internet
advantages and disadvantages of anonymity
Advantages and Disadvantages of Anonymity
  • Advantages
    • Used by or as a form of whistle-blowing
    • National security
    • Prevent intimidation and fear of reprisal
    • Security of individuals
  • Disadvantages
    • Criminals
    • Dispute resolution
    • Circumventing the law
    • Cyber-stalking
security
Security
  • Means to prevent unauthorized access
  • Consists of:
    • Confidentiality - to prevent unauthorized disclosure of information to third parties.
    • Integrity - to prevent unauthorized modification of files and maintain the status quo
    • Availability -: to prevent unauthorized withholding of information from those who need it when they need it.
security1
Security…
  • Physical security – guaranteed by:
    • Deterrence
    • Prevention
    • Detection
    • Response
  • Physical Access Controls
    • Authenticate the user
  • Information Security Controls
    • Cryptography
    • Authentication
    • Audit
  • Operational
    • Policies and guidelines
privacy
Privacy
  • Human value
  • Consists of:
    • Right to control external influences
      • Solitude - right to be alone
      • Anonymity – right to have no public identity
      • Intimacy – right not to be monitored
    • Right to control personal information:
      • Reserve – right to control one’s information
types of privacy
Types of Privacy
  • Personal Privacy
    • Personal space
    • Physical searches
    • Video recording
    • Surveillance
  • Informational Privacy
    • Personal information
    • Financial information
    • Medical information
    • Internet
  • Institutional Privacy
value of privacy
Value of Privacy
  • Considered valuable
  • Value eroding because inability to guarantee
  • Three attributes
    • Personal identity
    • Autonomy
    • Social Relationships
  • Information gathering
    • Buying and selling information
    • We provide some of this information
    • Internet crawlers
privacy violations
Privacy Violations
  • Intrusion – wrongful entry, seizing or acquiring
  • Misuse of Information – selling of our information
  • Interception of Information – eavesdropping
  • Surveillance
  • Information Matching
ways we give out information
Ways We Give Out Information
  • Rewards or Loyalty Programs
  • Body Scanners
  • Digital Video Recorders
  • Automobile “Black Boxes”
  • Enhanced 911 Service
  • RFIDs
  • Implanted Chips
    • Medical information
    • Replace credit cards
  • Cookies
  • Biometrics
  • Spyware
privacy protection and civil liberties
Privacy Protection and Civil Liberties
  • Most accepted set of civil liberties
    • Criminal Justice
      • Police powers
      • Person liberty
      • Right to fair trail
    • Basic freedoms
      • Speech
      • Assembly
      • Association
      • Movement
      • No Discrimination
    • Freedom of information
    • Communications and privacy
privacy protection and civil liberties1
Privacy Protection and Civil Liberties
  • Safeguards
    • Technical
      • Use of software and technical safeguards
    • Contractual
      • Contacts
      • Special information – publications
      • Must have actions and enforcement to be effective
    • Legal
      • Laws
      • Enforcement of the laws