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Parties

Parties. Background. What is a political party? Goals? What led parties forming? How do we mobilize? Or maybe better yet, why do we mobilize? How do we recruit leaders?. Organizations and Systems. How do we organize parties? One-party system Only one can be active Dominant-party system

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Parties

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  1. Parties

  2. Background • What is a political party? • Goals? • What led parties forming? • How do we mobilize? • Or maybe better yet, why do we mobilize? • How do we recruit leaders?

  3. Organizations and Systems • How do we organize parties? • One-party system • Only one can be active • Dominant-party system • Allowed to, but don’t • PRI in Mexico—70 years • Two-party system • Two parties trade off power • Multiparty system

  4. Michels • Iron Law of Oligarchy

  5. Interest Groups

  6. Background • What are they? • Barriers to functioning well: • Not all are equally well organized • Some groups command disproportionate voice • Lack structures to ensure that leaders will be responsive to members’ wishes

  7. Logic of Collective Action • Free-riders • Collective goods • Group size • Selective incentives • Coerce • Large members make it happen

  8. Types • Sectoral • Unions, corporations, Professions • Institutional • Army, Red Cross, Public university • Promotional • NAACP, NRA, Christian Coalition

  9. Tactics • Control of Information and Expertise • Electoral Activity • Use of Economic Power • Campaign Contributions • Public Information Campaigns • Violence and Disruption • Litigation

  10. Abstractions • Pluralism v. Neocorporatism

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