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Political Parties

Political Parties

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Political Parties

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  1. Political Parties Section 1

  2. November 9, 2006 • Monday Parent Teacher Conferences • Test Tomorrow on Chapter 22 • Homework Due Tomorrow • Two worksheets • Voting worksheets • Third Party Worksheets

  3. Political Parties • An Organization of citizens who influence or control gt by getting their members elected • If you get majority of your party can have major effect on policies of the gt • Provides opportunities for citizens to take part in political process

  4. In your notebook, name two political parties in the United States.

  5. How do parties help Government • Help on local, state, national levels • Four ways • Selecting candidates • Setting goals • Provide leadership • Watch Dogs

  6. Mayor Luke Ravenstahl Former Mayor Tom Murphy Former Mayor Bob O’Conner

  7. 1. Selecting Candidates • Nominateor name a candidate to run for office • Run with your political party to win the office • If elected want to carry out party’s program http://www.now.org/nnt/fall-2004/

  8. Jobs and economy Social security Immigration Education Homeland Security The ideas that a party wants to get done Platform A statement of the party’s official stand on public issues Planks Position statements on each specific issue in a party’s platform 2. Setting Goals

  9. Name 6 issues the Republicans believe in. What are the 6 major issues that Democrats believe in?

  10. 3. Providing Leadership • Provide leadership to make necessary laws • To carry out programs • Party in office • Party in the White House • They appoint members to positions

  11. How does the President provide leadership?

  12. 4. Watch Dogs • The party NOT in power makes sure the party in power is doing what they said they would do • Keep each other in check • Honest and hard working War in Iraq

  13. How do parties help Government • Selecting candidates • Setting goals • Provide leadership • Watch Dogs

  14. How Parties Help Citizens • Party’s provide a way for citizens to be heard and get things they want in government • Canvass or door-to door handing out info • Who should vote for • Poll people • Want to feel that your party is working for you http://www.ffpir.org/aboutcanvassing.html

  15. Involving Citizens • Need volunteers to • Raise money • Campaign • Hold events • Canvass neighborhoods • Remind people to vote Volunteering

  16. Chapter 22 Section 2

  17. Two Party System • Federalists • Strong national gt • Democratic-Republicans • Opposed strong national gt • Becomes DEMOCRATIC PARTY in 1828 • Whig Party • Became known as REPUBLICANS • Abraham Lincoln the first Republican President • Franklin D. Roosevelt took over with Democrats in 1932

  18. Third Parties Reform Party • Third parties form to help a cause • May not win in major elections but, can draw votes away from one of the major parties • Green Party and Ralph Nader • Bring up new ideas • Ross Perot and the debt issue Green Party

  19. Party Organization • Both have local, state and national organizations • Communities are organized into precincts or voting districts

  20. Supporting a Party • When you register to vote usually declare your party • How do you choose? • Does the party share your ideas on issues • Do you agree with the candidates opinion

  21. How to keep a party strong? • Patronage: the system in which a party leader performs favors for loyal supporters of the party • Party and campaigns: • Candidates can raise own money and not adhere to platform • Voter loyalty 40% vote straight ticket or for all the candidates for one party Split ticket the practice of voting for candidates of more than one party Independent voters who do not support a particular party

  22. Chapter 22 Section 3

  23. Self-Nominate: • declare you are running for office

  24. Write-in-candidate: • One who asks voters to write in their name in ballot

  25. Caucus • Meeting of party leaders to discuss issues or choose candidates

  26. Direct Primary • Election in which members of political party choose candidates to run for office in party name • Pennsylvania

  27. Closed Primary • Voter must be registered as a PARTY MEMBER and only vote in that party primary • Pennsylvania