An eye for an eye: A social Justice Presentation. Jennifer Peters Marcel Collins Martin Hammar. “An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind .” - Mahatma Gandhi. Overview.
- Mahatma Gandhi
(Schmitt,Warner & Gupta, 2010; Katel, 2009; Savitsky, 2012)
(Hirsch et al., 2002; Rastogi, et al., 2011)
National survey of prison inmates found highest rate on mental illness was among white females.
Female inmate population is rising faster annually than males
Females of color more likely to be incarcerated
Women are often imprisoned due to crimes committed due to multiple dependence on a man
Domestic violence is often directly or indirectly present as a key factor in a woman’s life course.
(Center for Policy Studies, 2009)
(Foster & Hagen, 2009; Nasher & Visher, 2006)
Adult/Youth Cohabitation in Prisons
(Abrams & Snyder, 2010)
Sanctions that persist even after a person has completed a sentence.
(Kenemore & Rolden, 2006)
Re-assess how court costs & fines are handled; funding for reentry program development
(Pogorzelski, Wolff, Pan & Blitz, 2005)
Vocational; educational; drug treatment; violent & sex offender treatment; halfway house; and pre-release programs (Bouffard & Bergeron, 2006).
Post-release supervision based on risk not sentence (ACTF, 2010)
Federal Bonding Program and Post Secondary Program
Access to community health/behavioral health services
The goals of the Athens Re-Entry Task Force are to:
1. Improve public safety;
2. Increase ex-offender’s personal responsibility by making restitution to the victims and support of family a priority; and
3. Reduce the overall rate of recidivism.
Reforming collateral sanctions;
Elimination of user fees to fund the criminal justice system;
Reforms to allow more community service work;
Child support reforms;
Universal community access to substance abuse treatment programs and requiring DRC to provide more programs such as ABLE and mental health treatment;
Requiring the CDJFS to determine if the ex-offender is disabled; and
Requiring the CDJFS to coordinate the ex-offender’s post-release eligibility for benefits and available services.
Restructure the RECLAIM initiative to remove the incentive for felony charges for youth.
(Kenemore & Roldan, 2006)
ACTF. (2010). Recommendations from the Athens County Reentry Task Force. Retrieved from http://jfs.athenscountygovernment.com/documents/ACTFrecommendations12-10.pdf
Abrams, L. & Snyder, S. (2010). Youth offender reentry: Models for intervention and directions for future inquiry. Children And Youth Services Review, 321787-1795. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.07.023
Alexander, M. (2010). The new jim crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York: The New Press
Bouffard, J. A., & Bergeron, L. E. (2006). Reentry works: The implementation and effectiveness of a serious and violent offender reentry initiative. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 44(2), 1-29.
Centers for Policy Studies. (2009). Women, integration, and prison: Research hypothesis. Retrieved from http://cps.ceu.hu/research/mip/research-hypotheses
Foster, H., & Hagan, J. (2009). The Mass Incarceration of Parents in America: Issues of Race/Ethnicity, Collateral Damage to Children, and Prisoner Reentry. Annals Of The American Academy Of Political And Social Science, 179. doi:10.2307/40375895
Ghandi Returns Home. (2000). In L. Glennon(Ed)., The 20th Century: An Illustrated History of Our Lives and Times. (107). N.Digham, MA:J.G. Press.
Hirsch, A. E., Dietrich, S. M., Landau, R., Schneider, P. D., Ackelsberg, I., Bernstien-Baker, J., & Hohnenstein, J. (2002). Every door closed: Barriers facing parents with criminal records. Retrieved from http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications_archive/files/0092.pdf
Jung, H. (2011). Increase in the Length of Incarceration and the Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Men Released from Illinois State Prisons. Journal Of Policy Analysis And Management, 30(3), 499-533.
Luther, J. B., Reichert, E. S., Holloway, E. D., Roth, A. M., & Aalsma, M. C. (2011). An Exploration of Community Reentry Needs and Services for Prisoners: A Focus on Care to Limit Return to High-Risk Behavior. AIDS Patient Care & Stds, 25(8), 475-481. doi:http://dx.doi.org.proxy.library.ohiou.edu/10.1089/apc.2010.0372
Katel, P. (2009, December 4). Prisoner reentry. CQ Researcher, 19, 1005-1028. Retrieved from http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2009120400
Kenemore, T.,K., & Roldan, I. (2006). Staying straight: Lessons from ex-offenders. Clinical Social Work Journal, 34(1), 5-21. doi:10.1007/s10615-005-0003-7
Kerby, S. (2013, March 13). The top 10 most startling facts about people of color and criminal justice in the united states: A look at the racial disparities inherent in our nation’s criminal-justice system. Center for American Progress. Retrieved from www.americanprogress.org/issues/race/news/2012/03/13/11351/the-top-10-most-startling- facts-about-people-of-color-and-criminal-justice-in-the-united-states/
Magnani, L. (2011). Market Values Permeate Both Foreign Policies and Prison Policies. Peace Review, 23(3), 279-286. doi:10.1080/10402659.2011.596044
Marbley, A., & Ferguson, R. (2005). Responding to Prisoner Reentry, Recidivism, and Incarceration of Inmates of Color: A Call to the Communities. Journal Of Black Studies, (5), 633. doi:10.2307/40034341
Nasar, R. & Visher, C. (2006). Family Members' Experiences with Incarceration and Reentry. Western Criminology Review, 7(2), 20-31.
ODRC. (2002). The Ohio Plan for Productive Offender Re-Entry & Recidivism Reduction. (Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections). Retrieved from: http://drc.ohio.gov/web/ReentryFinalPlan.pdf
Rastogi, S., Tallese , J. D., Hoeffel, E. M., & Drewery, M. P. (2011, September). The black population: 2010. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-06.pdf
Savitsky, D. (2012). Is plea bargaining a rational choice? Plea bargaining as an engine of racial stratification and overcrowding in the United States prison system. Rationality And Society, 24(2), 131-167.
Schmitt, J., Warner, K., & Gupta S. (2010, June). The high budgetary cost of incarceration. Retrieved from http://www.cepr.net/documents/publications/incarceration-2010-06.pdf